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flame cleaning

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings: wet cleaning methods, including alkaline cleaning, electrolytic cleaning, chemical pickling, and electrolytic pickling; flame cleaning and furnace-atmosphere techniques, such as Sendzimir oxidation/reduction method; other specialized methods, namely, fluxes, mechanical cleaning, and ultrasonic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... or flame jet cleaning, abrasive blasting, and tumbling. Solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, pickling, and descaling are chemical cleaning methods. The electrochemical cleaning methods include electropolishing, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, and electrolytic pickling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... baths used at elevated temperatures for a variety of industrial cleaning applications. This article discusses their applications in paint stripping, polymer removal, casting cleaning, glass removal, and plasma/flame spray removal. It provides an overview of the basic design and safety considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...: “Flame Cleaning” Methods Involving Water in ICRI 310.2 Methods Involving Power Tools in ICRI 310.2 Methods Involving Abrasive Blast Cleaning in ICRI 310.2 Flame Blasting in ICRI 310.2 SSPC-SP 1, “Solvent Cleaning” SSPC-SP 2, “Hand Tool Cleaning” SSPC-SP 3, “Power Tool Cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
.... The principle of operation for this type of sensor is the reflection of a beam emitted by the sensor from a reflecting surface. Some sensors require a reflector, and some can be calibrated to work on the change in reflection. Care must be taken to ensure that sight glasses and reflectors are kept clean...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Flame hardening of 1040 steel wear blocks Preliminary operation Clean blocks until free of scale and rust, preferably by sand or shot blasting. Loading Load blocks on one end of conveyor belt. Flame head Head contains 2 rows of No. 54 drill size (1.4 mm, or 0.055 in.) flame...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... temperatures. Oxide coatings are usually applied by the flame or plasma-arc spraying methods. Before spraying by either method, the substrate surface should be clean and rough; abrasive blasting provides a satisfactory surface condition. Sprayed coatings usually range in thickness from 25 to 2500 μm (1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... shot and grit size specifications for abrasive blast cleaning Table 3 Society of Automotive Engineers shot and grit size specifications for abrasive blast cleaning High-limit screen Nominal screen Low-limit screen Maximum % retained Screen number and aperture (in.) Maximum % retained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... on composition. Reducing atmosphere flames should be used to ensure a clean, well-bonded coating. In vacuum and hydrogen furnaces, the coating may have a tendency to wick or run onto adjacent areas. Several brushable stopoff materials are commercially available to confine the coating. It is recommended that test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... References 1. “Thermal Spraying—Wires, Rods and Cords for Flame and Arc Spraying—Classification—Technical Supply Conditions,” ISO 14919, International Organization for Standardization , 2001 2. “Specification for Thermal Spray Feedstock, Solid and Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods,” AWS 2.25...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... used when soldering. A reducing flame helps keep the assembly clean by reducing surface oxides. Many different filler metals are used in the torch soldering process. Tin-lead, tin-silver, and tin-antimony filler metals are commonly used on copper alloys, steel, and stainless steels. Zinc-aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...-1 “Oxygen” G-4 “Cleaning Equipment for Oxygen Service” G-4.1 “Industrial Practices for Gaseous Oxygen Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems” G-4.4 “Hydrogen” G-5 “Safety Release Device Standards—Cargo and Portable Tanks for Compressed Gases” G-5.1 “Standard for Hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...) and flame devices operating at up to 1 GJ (1 million Btu). At these energy levels, the engineering control complexity and cost of dust collection, noise control, and the degree of automation required to remove the operator from the process become more and more significant. Hazards also exist...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of fuel gas produces the preheat flame, which initiates cutting action and helps sustain the operation. These flames heat the surface of the work to ignition temperature to (1) initiate cutting, (2) descale and clean the work surface, (3) supply heat to the work and the cutting-oxygen stream to maintain...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... successful aluminum foundry uses of steel crucibles. This requires a thorough refractory coating on the crucible surfaces in contact with molten metal and careful cleaning of the rust that tends to accumulate in the firing chamber (for example, flame contact with the crucible causes rust and scaling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Flame wire X X Flame powder X X APS X X High-velocity plasma X X VPS X X Electric wire arc X X High-velocity oxyfuel X X Detonation gun X X Cold spray X X (a) Particle speed ranges from a high of approximately...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 50 mm (2 in.) away from the filter. If the bill is not drawn to the filter rapidly, it is time to clean or change the filter on the blower. Double-check and monitor combustion set-up for maximum burner performance (requires a manometer). If a wall of flame is coming out of the flue, a fuel-rich...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... produces the preheat flame, which initiates cutting action and helps sustain the operation. These flames heat the surface of the work to ignition temperature to (1) initiate cutting, (2) descale and clean the work surface, (3) supply heat to the work and the cutting oxygen stream to maintain the heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... clothing, if used, should be chemically treated to reduce its combustibility. Clothing treated with nondurable flame retardants must be retreated after each washing or cleaning. Clothing or shoes of synthetic or plastic materials which can melt and cause severe burns should not be worn. Outer clothing...