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flake graphite iron

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract The main factors affecting the mechanical properties of compacted graphite irons both at room temperatures and at elevated temperatures are composition, structure (nodularity and matrix), and section size. This article presents a comparison between some properties of flake...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the chemical composition, castability, mechanical properties at room temperature and elevated temperature, and physical properties of compacted graphite (CG) cast iron. The change in graphite morphology from the flake graphite (FG) in the base iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract Gray irons are a group of cast irons that form flake graphite during solidification, in contrast to the spheroidal graphite morphology of ductile irons. This article describes surface hardening of gray irons by flame and induction heating. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract Unlike gray iron, which contains graphite flakes, ductile iron has an as-cast structure containing graphite particles in the form of small, rounded, spheroidal nodules in a ductile metallic matrix. This article discusses the raw materials that are used for ductile iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract Malleable iron is a type of cast iron that has most of its carbon in the form of irregularly shaped graphite nodules instead of flakes, as in gray iron, or small graphite spherulites, as in ductile iron. This article discusses the production of malleable iron based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005942
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... °F). Cooling continued from that level at a maximum rate of 130 °C/h (230 °F/h) to 200 °C (390 °F); bars were then air cooled to room temperature. Abstract Abstract Gray irons are a group of cast irons that form flake graphite during solidification, in contrast to the spheroidal graphite...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract Cast iron exhibits a considerable amount of eutectic in the solid state. This article discusses the structure of liquid iron-carbon alloys to understand the mechanism of the solidification of cast iron. It illustrates the nucleation of the austenite-flake graphite eutectic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... the other. The article provides information on nearly 100 micrographs, discussing the microstructure of flake graphite in gray iron, nodular graphite in ductile iron, and temper graphite in malleable iron. It also examines the matrix microstructures of gray, ductile, compacted, and malleable cast iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... and physicochemical state of the liquid metal for preparing thin-wall castings with good mechanical properties and performance while avoiding casting defects. It describes a variety of defects that may appear during the production of TWDI castings, such as casting skin anomalies (e.g., flake graphite, graphite...
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Effect of section diameter on tensile strength at center of cast specimen for five classes of gray iron Fig. 1 Fluidity versus degree of superheat for four gray irons of different carbon contents Fig. 2 Types of graphite flakes in gray iron (AFS-ASTM). In the recommended practice...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pearlitic microstructure; the machine housing has a ferrite plus pearlite matrix with graphite flakes; and the jaw crusher microstructure contains martensite and cementite. cast irons material selection mechanical properties microstructure steels THE PROPERTIES of irons and steels are linked...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... between those of gray flake graphite irons (FG) and ductile irons (SG). This position gives CG a desirable combination of properties for certain applications of high interest. Compact graphite iron has higher strength, stiffness, and fatigue strength than FG with better thermal conductivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., magnesium, or cerium can significantly alter the morphology of the gray eutectic changing graphite shape from lamellar (flake, FG), to compacted (CG), or spheroidal (SG). Macrostructure Eutectic Grains The macrostructure of gray iron can be visualized by using selective etching to outline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... at a temperature within the typical bainite precipitation temperature range, after an incubation time, acicular ferrite plates begin to nucleate preferentially at austenite/graphite interfaces and at austenite grain boundaries. Figure 1 shows samples of spheroidal and flake graphite cast irons austempered for 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Gray iron has flake-shaped graphite, ductile iron has nodular or spherically shaped graphite, compacted graphite iron (or “vermicular” graphite iron) is intermediate between these two (with graphite in a vermicular or “wormlike” coral shape), and malleable iron has irregularly shaped globular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... is established with limitations as to the type of gray iron to which it is applied. However, the general relationship between hardness and tensile strength for all types or classes of gray iron is a very broad one. This is because variations in the amount and shape of the flake graphite in gray iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... properties of cast iron. On the other hand, long graphite flakes and their higher percentage are preferred from the viewpoint of, for example, thermophysical properties. The eutectic cell size determines the size of graphite flakes. Figure 8 presents the effect of the number of eutectic cells...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... called flake or lamellar graphite cast iron due to the shape of the graphite present in these alloys. The generic term, cast iron, is often improperly used to mean gray cast iron. While gray iron has been produced for over 3000 years, modern gray cast irons require precise control of factors that affect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the solubility in austenite crystallizes as graphite plates that are seen as lamellae (or flakes) on a two-dimensional metallographic sample. The graphite lamellae are interconnected within the eutectic grain. As described in the article “Classification and Basic Types of Cast Iron” in this Volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., but they are most often used for their excellent resistance to wear and abrasion. The massive carbides in the microstructure are chiefly responsible for these properties. Malleable Iron Malleable iron contains compact nodules of graphite flakes. These are called “temper carbon” because they form during...