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fixed-abrasive finishing

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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 10 Comparison of abrasives for preservation of corroded surface of aluminum alloy. (a) Results of abrading on 600-grit silicon carbide paper. (b) Improvement in finish and edge preservation obtained by abrading on a fine fixed-abrasive lap. As-polished. 100× More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... finishing abrasive jet machining abrasive materials buffing finishing fixed-abrasive finishing grinding high-precision finishing honing lapping machine tool machining microgrinding multipoint cutting edges operational factors polishing random cutting edges ultrasonic machining wheel...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 27 Effect of different abrading and polishing techniques on the appearance of oxide scale on high-purity iron. (a) Specimen abraded on 400-grit silicon carbide paper; numerous chipping artifacts are present in the oxide. (b) Specimen abraded on a fine fixed-abrasive lap; minor chipping More
Book Chapter

By Pel Lynah
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract Lapping is the lower-pressure, lower-speed, and lower-power application of the use of fixed abrasives. This article begins with a discussion on the process capabilities of lapping and reviews the selection of abrasive and vehicle for lapping. It describes the methods of lapping outer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003747
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... electron microscopy must be free of residual abrasion strains. Small strains introduce crystal defects detectable by transmission electron microscopy. Flatness of Abraded Surfaces Finishing abrasion on a fixed-abrasive lap often yields more satisfactory results than those obtained by finishing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Finishing refers to a wide variety of processes that generally involve material removal in one form or another to generate surfaces with specific geometries, tolerances, and functional or decorative characteristics. This article discusses four major finishing methods, namely, abrasive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Machining is a term that covers a large collection of manufacturing processes designed to remove unwanted material, usually in the form of chips, from a workpiece. This article discusses the basic classes of machining operations, including conventional, abrasive, and nontraditional...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... maximum density and strength. Finishing methods can be classified as those that use defined cutting edges (turning, milling, and drilling), those that use multipoint or random cutting edges (e.g., grinding wheels, abrasive belts, or abrasive slurries), and those that do not use abrasives (e.g., laser...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract In all grinding operations, care must be used in the selection of wheels and abrasive belts to meet finish and tolerance requirements without damaging the workpiece. This article discusses the major aspects of the grinding wheel, including production methods, selection considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... or other materials. The finished edge obtained by the process often eliminates the need for postmachining to improve surface finish. A coherent fluid jet is formed by forcing high-pressure abrasive-laden water through a tiny sapphire orifice. The accelerated jet exiting the nozzle travels at more than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... abrasive materials safety and health precautions wet blast cleaning MECHANICAL CLEANING SYSTEMS are available for most industrial production applications to remove contaminants and prepare the work surface for subsequent finishing or coating operations. Typical uses include: Removing rust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... process, although parts to be deburred or finished are mounted on fixtures. The process uses fine abrasive media for finishing. The spindle machine is a circular rotating tub that holds the abrasive media, and a rotating or oscillating spindle to which the part is fixed. The workpiece mounted...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... is a controlled, low-speed sizing and surface-finishing process in which stock is removed by the shearing action to the bonded abrasive grains of a honing stone, or stick. Honing machines simultaneously apply several sticks (although one can be used) mounted on the periphery of a cylindrical body to the work...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... obtained, which is better than 3 μm (125 μin.), in roughness average. Abrasive tools are also used for trimming and in the final finishing operation. Sanding drums, discs, belts, and abrasive cloth are examples of abrasive tools. Table 1 provides recommended tool types and speeds for specific operations...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract After solidification and cooling, further processing and finishing of the castings are required. This article describes the general operations of shakeout, grinding, cleaning, and inspection of castings, with particular emphasis on automation technology. It illustrates the vertical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of manufacturing processes. Traditionally, the requirements for finishing processes have been compromises between achieving better surface finishes while at the same time reducing the total finishing time. Recent developments in microgrinding with fixed abrasives have enabled this process to compete...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., often giving rougher finishes because they do not dull as readily. Very friable grains may not be efficient at high power levels and heavy grinding pressures because of premature wear. With regard to conventional abrasives, friable grains are normally used on heat-sensitive and hardened steels to ensure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... abrasion against fixed particles, dry abrasion against loose particles, wet abrasion against fixed or loose particles, gouging-abrasion, small particle erosion, impact abrasion, slurry abrasion, and microabrasion, are also discussed. abrasive wear testing scratch wear testing dry abrasion testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-purpose cold-rolled finish that can be used as is, or as a preliminary step to polishing. Polished finishes No. 3 An intermediate polished surface obtained by finishing with a 100-grit abrasive. Generally used where a semifinished polished surface is required. A No. 3 finish usually receives...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or shaped electrodes, and edge honing using a variety of abrasive techniques. Final lapping to mirrorlike finishes is accomplished using diamond-containing slurries or pastes. Cemented Carbides for Machining Applications The performance of cemented carbides as a cutting tool lies between that of tool...