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fixed volume rubber method

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... two basic methods, such as the trapped or fixed volume rubber method and the variable-volume rubber method, of elastomeric tooling, which use the principles of thermal expansion molding. The significant properties and controlling equations that are required to characterize elastomeric tooling material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... as the forming of deeply recessed taillight reflectors for automobiles, and the deep drawing of toaster shells ( example 3 ). The application of rubber pads in press-brake dies is discussed in the article “Press-Brake Forming” in this Volume. In the past, flexible-die forming methods were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... other NDT methods are, however, being considered for thermal spray coating analysis. Some of these are summarized briefly as follows. Additional information on NDT techniques can be found in the article “Postcoating Operations” in this Volume. Before discussing wear testing, it is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... G 132 Pin Abrasion Testing G 75 Slurry Abrasivity (Miller Number) and Slurry Abrasion Response of Materials (SAR No.) G 105 Conducting Wet Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Tests G 81 Jaw Crusher Gouging Abrasion Test The first six items in the table are all ASTM test methods, while the...
Book Chapter

By Pel Lynah
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract Lapping is the lower-pressure, lower-speed, and lower-power application of the use of fixed abrasives. This article begins with a discussion on the process capabilities of lapping and reviews the selection of abrasive and vehicle for lapping. It describes the methods of lapping outer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... hardness tests include a pendulum test method and dynamic indentation hardness testing using a Hopkinson-bar technique (the article “Dynamic Indentation Testing” in this Volume contains details). The durometer is a hand-sized instrument that measures the indentation hardness of rubber and plastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., rubber-pad forming, and other methods ( Fig. 2 ). Sheet-forming methods can also be classified according to suitable methods in obtaining desired dimensional features, such as surface contours or deep recesses ( Table 1 ). Some methods of local deformation also extend beyond sheet forming to the bending...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machines used for producing parts from sheet metal. Power presses can be classified according to the following characteristics: source of power, type of frame, method of actuation of slides, and number of slides in action. Presses in any of these classes are available in a range of capacities (tonnage or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Volume 8 of ASM Handbook , 2000. Other test methods used to assess sheet metal forming characteristics are the plastic-strain ratio ( r ), which is a measure of sheet anisotropy; the limiting draw ratio (LDR); bulge height; and minimum bend-forming radius. Comparison of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article describes various methods of electrochemical analysis, namely coulometry, electrogravimetry, voltammetry, electrometric titration, and nanometer electrochemistry. The discussion covers the general uses, sample requirements, application examples, advantages, and limitations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... methods often place high demands on the production system as a whole. High flexibility, fast changeover, and short decision times are important. In addition, apart from adapting a manufacturing facility to low-volume production, the right forming process must be chosen. In general, considerations that are...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... predominant tonnage-melting method, with over 60% of today's iron tonnage still melted in cupolas. Through the years, the cupola has been progressively refined and moved toward more efficient combustion, better chemical composition control, and more flexibility in the use of widely varying raw materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... traditional processes (GMT, LFG, and SMC), the individual discontinuous production process steps are eliminated. The range of applications for SMCs comprises molded parts with a weight of a few grams up to several kilograms. The processing methods used, are injection molding or compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Frictional Properties using the British Pendulum Tester Rubber versus pavement (BPN, British p Pendulum Number) E670 (E-17 on traveled surfaces) Side Force Friction on Paved Surfaces using the Mu-Meter Tires versus pavement (μ) ( F dry – F wet ) F609 Test Method for Static Slip Resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the deformation and viscoelastic characteristics of plastics as polymeric materials, focusing on the test methods used for the evaluation of their mechanical properties, methods available for analytically predicting the deformation response of polymers, and the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... where ventilation is inadequate to ensure that air contaminants will not accumulate. Engineering controls (enclosures and/or hoods with ducted, mechanical ventilation of sufficient volume to remove contaminants from the work space) are the most-desired methods of preventing job-related illness resulting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processes described in the article “Finishing Methods Using Defined Cutting Edges” in this Volume. Typical grinding processes are shown in Fig. 5 . Each of these applications can range from rough grinding to precision grinding to high-precision processes. Many of these operations in rough grinding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., volumes, masses, or settling rates as the irregular particles themselves. Various methods of particle size analysis provide identical or similar analysis results for spherically shaped particles only. Typically, the various principles used to measure particle size respond differently to changes in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Ultrasonic inspection is a nondestructive method in which beams of high-frequency acoustic energy are introduced into a material to detect surface and subsurface flaws, to measure the thickness of the material, and to measure the distance to a flaw. This article provides a detailed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... methods of control used in petroleum production (i.e., upstream) and the storage and transportation of oil and gas (i.e., midstream) up to the refinery (i.e., downstream). Refinery corrosion is discussed in the article “Corrosion in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Operations” in this Volume...