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fitness-for-service assessment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article illustrates the use of the fitness-for-service (FFS) code to assess the serviceability and remaining life of a corroded flare knockout drum from an oil refinery, two fractionator columns affected by corrosion under insulation in an organic sulfur environment, and an...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... information on fatigue life assessment, elevated-temperature life assessment, and fitness-for-service life assessment. elevated-temperature life assessment fabrication failure analysis fatigue life assessment fitness-for-service life assessment material defects nondestructive inspection stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electron beam welds electroslag welds fatigue fitness-for-service assessment flash welds friction welding high-frequency induction welds inclusions joint design laser beam welds mechanical testing porosity upset butt welds weld discontinuity weldment failure weldment integrity WELDMENT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Fitness-for-service assessment procedures can be used to assess the integrity, or remaining life, of components in service. Depending on the operating environment and the nature of the applied loading, a structure can fail by a number of different modes: brittle fracture, ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 Fitness-for-Service , The American Petroleum Institute and The American Society of Mechanical Engineers , Washington, D.C./New York , 2016 11. Macejko B. , Kummari S. , and Prueter P.E. , “ Proposed Modifications to API 579 Part 3 Brittle Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article discusses the methods for assessing creep-rupture properties, particularly, nonclassical creep behavior. The determination of creep-rupture behavior under the conditions of intended service requires extrapolation and/or interpolation of raw data. The article describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... industry developed API 579 (see the section “Example 2: Development of Recommended Practice API 579” ), which develops partial safety factors for the fitness-for-service of petrochemical equipment. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) funded a significant effort to develop and apply...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanism and combinations thereof. Various life prediction methodologies have been developed, and many are still under active development for application in jet engines as well as land-based gas turbines. Figure 13 illustrates the general requirements for the in-service assessment of land-based gas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... displacement (CTOD), design curve ( Ref 1 ), which was included in the first edition of the British Standards Institution (BSI) fitness-for-purpose guidance PD 6493 ( Ref 2 ). The engineering tool receiving attention currently is the failure assessment diagram (FAD). This approach has been used primarily in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... components Lack of a clear-cut end-of-life criterion under creep conditions Difficulty in assessing toughness of in-service components Oxide scale measurements for tubes Need data on oxide scale growth in steam Kinetics of hot-corrosion and constant-damage curves Source: Ref 17 Current...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Materials , 1986 , p 46 – 64 The fundamental variables involved in any life assessment are those that describe the effects and interaction of material behavior, geometry, and stress history on the life of a component. For fracture mechanics methods, material behavior is described by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... industry. It is clear that the focus internationally in the assurance of biological safety must start with chemical and material characterization along with an assessment of toxicological risks as prescribed in ISO 10993-1, 10993-18, 10993-17, and 14971. Materials characterization forms the basis for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... sur l'approche Locale de la Rupture , Moret-sur-Loing, June 1986 , p 243 42. “The Method of Assessment for Defects in Fusion Welded Joints with Respect to Brittle Fracture,” WES 2805, Japan Welding Engineering Society 43. “Recommended Practice for Fitness-for-Service of Refinery...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... is needed, the history behind the development of POD, how POD assessments are performed, how modeling and simulation can be integrated into the execution of a POD assessment, several cases to illustrate how studies have been performed to date, and some thoughts on future areas for research and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... welding, oxyfuel welding, and braze welding. The article discusses various special techniques, such as groove-face grooving, studding, joint design modifications, and peening, for improving the strength of a weld or its fitness for service. The article describes other fusion welding methods such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... particularly relevant for “aging” aircraft, many of which, due to economic pressures, remain in service well beyond their initial design goals. Corrosion is also a significant economic concern since the costs related to its detection, mitigation, repair, and maintenance are among the largest components of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... mechanics plane strain fracture toughness potential fracture residual strength stress-corrosion cracking rate FRACTURE MECHANICS CONCEPTS give engineers and inspectors the means to assess service situations for potential failure. An operating stress map ( Fig. 1 ) is one way to assess potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and barreling, respectively. By contrast, strains in excess of 0.3 to 0.7, the levels typical of these uniaxial tests, are readily achieved in the torsion test. The torsion test has been used for some 50 years as a means of hot workability assessment in metals and alloys ( Ref 1 , Ref 2 , Ref 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., more significant plant items need to be subject to a scheduled inspection program to ensure their continued integrity and fitness for future service. To this end, it is important that a review is carried out on all plant items to assess those that pose the greatest risk. This process of risk assessment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... “ Fitness-for-Service ,” API 579/ASME FFS-1, American Petroleum Institute , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , June 2016 18. Benac D.J. , “ Elevated-Temperature Failures ,” Lesson 7, Principles of Failure Analysis, Materials Engineering Institute , ASM International 19...