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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Corrosion The lower furnace of a coal- or oil-fired boiler is essentially a large enclosed volume where the combustion of fossil fuel, as well as the cooling of the combustion products, takes place. The furnace enclosures are made of water-cooled tubes, generally in a welded membrane construction...
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 4 Erosion- and corrosion-attacked tubes of a biomass-fired boiler pipe panel. Sample courtesy of Häuser & Co. GmbH, Duisburg, Germany. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on the mechanisms of wear and their interactions with gaseous corrosion. The wear mechanisms include abrasive, erosive, fretting, and sliding. The measurement of degradation on combustion walls in coal-fired boilers is discussed. The article concludes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... and fracture mechanics in the damage tolerant approach. It concludes with information on pressure vessel applications that can be separated into three protocols used by military nuclear power, commercial nuclear power, and non-nuclear pressure vessels and/or fired boilers. nondestructive testing...
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 5 Atmospheric-plasma-sprayed erosion- and corrosion-protective double-layer coating on a biomass-fired boiler tube. Etched in 3% alcohol nitric acid. Courtesy of Häuser & Co. GmbH, Duisburg, Germany More
Image
Published: 30 January 2024
Fig. 27 Long-term creep failure of a superheater tube removed from a coal-fired boiler after decades of service. Bulging, wall thinning to a “knife-edge,” and formation of a thick black oxide scale are all indicative of failure due to long-term creep. The scale is in inches. More
Image
Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 5 Eroded tube inserts from the inlet end of a fire-tube boiler. The inserts were eroded by particle-laden flue gas, which was forced to turn as it entered the boiler. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 5 Fossil-fired power generation boiler showing areas susceptible to dew-point corrosion (black areas) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... are increased continuously to more than 450 °C (840 °F). The outer boiler tube surfaces will experience a 30 to 50 °C (54 to 90 °F) increase in temperature. Typical steel used for high-pressure applications at elevated temperatures in biomass-fired boilers is AISI K11562 alloy steel. There is a variety...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... elevated temperature, however, the fusible alloy link will melt, thus disconnecting the parts. In fire sprinklers, the links melt when dangerous temperatures are reached, releasing water from piping systems and extinguishing the fire. Boiler plugs and furnace controls react similarly because an increase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in the furnace, reduced fluid flow allows DNB to occur at normal firing conditions. The last factor is flame impingement. Very high heat fluxes will cause DNB and rapid high-temperature failure. Case Study: Short-Term Overheating-Related Failure of a Supercritical Boiler Reheater Tube A reheater tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of Fireside Corrosion Problems in Refuse-Fired Boilers,” Paper No. 200, Corrosion 93, NACE International , 1993 3. Krause H.H. and Wright I.G. , “Boiler Tube Failures in Municipal Waste-To-Energy Plants: Case Histories,” Paper No. 561, Corrosion 95, NACE International , 1995 4...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis fatigue fire-side corrosion power plants stress-corrosion cracking tube rupture water-side corrosion FAILURES IN BOILERS and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid are discussed in this article. The discussion is mainly concerned...
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 19 Oxygen pitting along the outside-diameter surface of boiler tubes from a fire-tube boiler. (a) Through-wall pitting due to oxygen pitting. (b) Oxygen pitting had penetrated approximately 80% of the boiler tube wall thickness on this sample. More
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Published: 01 January 2005
and erosion). Control: Operating procedures and system design are common causes of short-term overheating in boiler tubes. Plant records can help identify the cause, such as new burners with changed firing pattern, prior ineffective cleaning of fouled tubes with scales and debris left in place, recent acid More
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 23 Corrosion rate in a combustion environment versus time as monitored using electrochemical methods is plotted with a key process variable. Fireside corrosion of boiler tubes in coal-fired utilities and waste incineration plants is an expensive and difficult problem to deal with. Special More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... for Investigation and Correction of Boiler Tube Failures,” Report CS-3945, Electric Power Research Institute , 1985 8. French D.N. , Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers , Wiley , 1983 9. Port R.D. and Herro H.M. , The NALCO Guide to Boiler Failure Analysis , McGraw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in rough seas. Boiler design needs to be conservative so that continuous operation is ensured over a long period of time without extensive maintenance. There are two types of boilers: fire tube and water tube boilers. In fire tube boilers, the hot gases are on the inside of the tubes and the water...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... on application (a) (a) Applications include coal- and oil-fired boilers and black liquor evaporators; corrosive media would include ash from coal-fired boilers, corrosive condensates, and exhaust from black liquor evaporators. Weather Resistance Indicators of the weather resistance of porcelain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and Laboratory Studies on Chlorine-Induced Corrosion in Boilers Fired with Biofuels,” Doctoral thesis, Åbo Akademi University , Turku, Finland , 2000 14. Otsuka N. , Nishiyama Y. , and Hosoda T. , Thermodynamic Equilibrium Calculations of Deposits on Superheater Tubes in Waste...