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fire-side corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the size and location of samples. Mechanical methods of sample removal, such as cutting with a tube cutter, sawing, or drilling, are less likely to alter either the microstructure or the characteristics of steam-side or fire-side scale, deposits, or corrosion products than is flame cutting. Mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... Combustion of fossil fuels can result in so-called fire-side corrosion, which is an elevated-temperature attack on metal surfaces stemming from the products of combustion. There are three general areas where external corrosion problems occur: the water wall or boiler tubes near the firing zone, the high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and Use , 40th ed. , The Babcock & Wilcox Co. , 1992 , p 20 – 23 23. Kawamura T. and Harada Y. , “Control of Gas Side Corrosion in Oil Fired Boilers,” Technical Bulletin No. 139, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. May 1980 24. Halstead W.D. , Progress Review...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... and the atmosphere. For most applications, however, a single coat of enamel 75 to 125 μm (3 to 5 mils) thick is adequate, especially with the alloys more resistant to corrosion. For severe environments and sheltered locations, a second coat may be necessary. If two coats are required, each is fired separately...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... enamel firing temperature, or parts where a greater metal thickness is provided to minimize warpage. Most authorities recommend that parts fabricated from cold-rolled steels be porcelain enameled on one side only to minimize fishscale defects. Hot-rolled sheets have a high susceptibility to fishscaling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... unexposed surfaces against inside-out perforation corrosion. However, a two-side organic/zinc-nickel composite system, with chromate and organic layers applied on both sides of the sheet, is also now available and is used by at least one automaker. The electroplated zinc-iron coating was developed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnaces tilting movable furnaces CRUCIBLES, in the form of well-fired clay pots, were present at the dawn of the metals industry, some 6000 years ago, and gave early metal workers the ability to melt metal in a durable container that could then be used to pour the molten material into a mold. Few...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is that the lower water-wall tubes in the boiler experience a significantly more corrosive environment, associated with the impact of uncombusted coal particles and unoxidized pyrite particles. Another approach is to replace the direct firing of coal by the use of a gasifier before the combustion; as indicated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) organic topcoat (epoxy or urethane-based) containing silicates. The organic coating was originally applied on one side of the sheet, protecting unexposed surfaces against inside-out perforation corrosion. However, a two-side organic/zinc-nickel composite system, with chromate and organic layers applied...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... during firing can be tolerated, applications using a low enamel firing temperature, or parts where a greater metal thickness is provided to minimize warpage. Most authorities recommend that parts fabricated from cold-rolled steels be porcelain enameled on one side only to minimize fishscale defects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in liquor heaters. Unfortunately, austenitic stainless steels types 304L and 316L are susceptible to both chloride and caustic SCC, which has caused many tube failures. Stress-corrosion cracking of liquor heater tubes can occur from either the steam side or the liquor side ( Ref 58 ). Inadvertent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The modification of classic dew-point corrosion behavior in coal-fired power plants also is indicated. Fig. 7 Ljungström air heater showing the locations of the air seal and cold end basket corrosion sites Fig. 6 Hangar bar packing box showing areas prone to corrosion. Source: Ref 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (0.01 to 0.012 in.) into the liner alloy. Severe sulfidation and type II hot corrosion had penetrated about 175 μm (0.007 in.) into the liner alloy. Original magnification 250× Fig. 1 Roof tube “as received.” Narrow 25 mm (1 in.) long failure is along the hot side crown. See also Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of Compressed Gases” P-1 “The Inert Gases Argon, Nitrogen, and Helium” P-9 “Oxygen-Deficient Atmospheres” SB-2 “Safety Release Device Standards—Cylinders for Compressed Gases” S-1.1 “Standard for Bulk Oxygen Systems at Consumer Sites” NFPA 50 National Fire Protection Association 1 Batterymarch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.9781627081702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... monitoring system (RMU) for use as part of an elevated water tower cathodic protection system for water side corrosion protection. Fig. 14 Clay sewer line breached as a new gas distribution line was laid, due to lack of knowledge of where the sewer lines were located. A remote camera inserted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... a direct fired or a susceptor/container approach. This article provides review of historical patents, following an introduction to conductivity in glass and electrical heating. The purpose is to show that induction heating has been and is being used in the glass melting industry. glass melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... ). The simplest furnaces are the direct-fired batch type with manual controls. Continuous furnaces with automatic program controls have been used for large production lines. In some installations, specific facilities for controlling the atmosphere in the working chamber are provided to obtain the desired surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... occurs by postaccident smashing of the fracture, or exposure to heat, fire, or corrosive conditions.) One investigator concludes that a critical component failed in fatigue and led to the loss of control. However, careful examination of the component and comparison with an exemplar of the same exact part...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... deformation, depending on whether or not the yield strength was exceeded. Long, slender, straight bars, tubes, or columns under axial compressive forces will buckle when the buckling load is exceeded. Buckling failure may also be encountered on the compressive sides of tubes, I-beams, channels, and angles...