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filament winding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Filament winding is a process for fabricating a composite structure in which continuous reinforcements, either previously impregnated with a matrix material or impregnated during winding, is placed over a rotating form or mandrel in a prescribed way to meet certain stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Glass fibers for filament winding (in order of ascending modulus of strand, normalized to 100% fiber volume) Table 1 Glass fibers for filament winding (in order of ascending modulus of strand, normalized to 100% fiber volume) Based on vendor data sheets Type Strand nominal tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... This article describes the chemistry of phenolic resins and reviews their characteristics and properties for various composites fabrication processes. The fabrication processes include solution/hot-melt process, pultrusion, vacuum infusion, filament winding, sheet molding, and hand lay-up. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Schematic of thermoplastic filament winding Fig. 13 Schematic of thermoplastic liquid molding. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 15 Schematic of thermoplastic pultrusion Fig. 16 Schematic of thermoplastic injection pultrusion. Source: Ref 10 Abstract Abstract This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of these methods is briefly described below. More detailed information can be found in the article “Introduction to Manufacturing of Polymer-Matrix Composites” and other articles in Composites, Volume 21 of the ASM Handbook . Contact Molding Processes Filament Winding High-Pressure Laminates...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-reinforced composites Properties S-2 filament winding glass fiber-resin Kevlar-resin Carbon-resin Graphite fiber-resin Layup quartz fabric-resin Specific gravity 1.86 1.25 1.46 1.58 1.75 Density, g/cm 3 (lb/in. 3 ) 1.86 (0.067) 1.25 (0.045) 1.46 (0.053) 1.58 (0.057) 1.75 (0.063...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... identifies a short list of current reinforcements, matrix materials, and coupling agents. Most frequently used reinforcements include: Uniaxial continuous fiber for end-tape filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion Fabric (warp and fill continuous fiber) for tape wrapping and lay-up fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... characteristics of thermoset epoxy resin-matrix fiber- and fabric-reinforced composites Properties S-2 filament winding glass fiber composite Kevlar composite Carbon composite Graphite fiber composite Layup quartz fabric composite Specific gravity 1.86 1.25 1.46 1.58 1.75 Density, g/cm 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... by filament winding, braiding, and tape placement on both cylindrical shells and integrally flanged subscale ducts, shown in Fig. 18 . The shells were 50 cm (20 in.) in diameter and 90 cm (36 in.) long, and the subscale ducts were 50 cm (20 in.) in diameter and 75 cm (30 in.) long. Over 50 subcomponent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... where the added performance can justify the relatively high costs. A second group of forming processes is that which makes use of dry reinforcements in a semicontinuous or continuous fashion such as filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion. The third group includes the closed-mold processes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... or prepreg, it is of significant interest to designers. It also lends itself to potentially low- cost manufacturing schemes, such as filament winding. Towpreg is being considered by filament winders as a way to combine the advantages of low-cost part manufacture and high-performance matrix resins. The fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Advantage as a framework to develop custom process cost models for filament winding and braiding of engine bypass ducts. In the DMLCCE program, GEAE directed the braiding and filament winding of a number of prototype composite ducts and captured the process steps and manufacturing data for each feature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... by which the yarns are interlaced. Braiding has many similarities to filament winding. Dry or prepreg yarns, tapes, or tow can be braided over a rotating and removable form or mandrel in a controlled manner to assume various shapes, fiber orientations, and fiber volume fractions. Although braiding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... y n y n n Twin-sheet stamping 1 0.15 30 3370 6.0 65 n n n n n y n y y n Thermoforming 0.1 0.015 n/a n/a … … n n n y n n y y n n Filament winding 0 0 n/a n/a … … n/a y n y y y n y n y Rotational casting 0.1 0.015 n/a n/a … … n n...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of fish, a fisherman needs a lightweight rod that requires minimum casting energy. Fishing rods, with glass-fiber-reinforced epoxy wound around a mandrel, are lightweight and flexible. The rods are made by a combination of pultrusion and modified filament winding. Graphite-reinforced rods are even...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... can act as a carrier and also the binder for the powder in forming a prepreg with the ceramic reinforcing fiber. Once a composite is formed from the preform, the sol can be gelled to make the composite rigid. The composite fabrication process can be filament winding, laminating of two-dimensional...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and, in some processes, better control of fiber angle and placement. Prepreg materials can be produced and stored, normally under refrigeration for thermosetting matrices, and then used in processes ranging from hand lay-up to highly automated filament winding or tape laying. Processes such as pultrusion...
Book Chapter

By Frank K. Ko
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of 90° yarns into 0° yarn system) Interlooping (by drawing loops of yarns over previous loops) Fig. 1 Fabric techniques. (a) Braided. (b) Woven. (c) Knitted Braiding has many similarities to filament winding (see the article “Filament Winding” in this Volume). Dry or prepreg yarns...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Processing options include: Manufacturing methods: Wet lay-up, prepreg lay-up, fiber placement, tape lay-up, pultrusion, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum- assisted resin transfer molding, filament winding, compression molding, injection molding, centrifugal casting Processing equipment...