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fiberglass-reinforced plastic equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the resin and fabrication requirements associated with fiberglass-reinforced plastic equipment. It provides a discussion on various resins and their resistance to various environments. These include polyester, epoxy, epoxy vinyl-ester, and furan and phenolic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... energy-efficient insulation equivalent to fiberglass. A more recent application for recycled PET fibers is in clothing, a huge new market. PET is becoming a popular extrusion resin for sheet, often displacing PVC and high-impact polystyrene for use in blister packaging, clamshell packages, cups, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... lists the various glass grades available in fibers. Over 90% of the fiberglass used for reinforcement is of the E-glass type. While this glass has excellent electrical properties, it also has good mechanical properties and bonds well to most plastics after an appropriate coupling agent is used. S-glass...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of the plastic, that is, the uniform compactness of the molecular chains forming it. Glass fiber reinforcements increase the HDT in a crystalline material such as PA to a greater extent than in an amorphous material (which has no pattern in molecular distribution) such as PC, as shown in Table 11...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... were the original end-use target for fiberglass-reinforced bisphenol A dicyanate (BPADCy) prepolymers ( Ref 1 , 2 ) and still represent the largest and fastest-growing consumer of cyanate resins. Replacement of epoxy resin in high-reliability multilayer boards for computer circuitry is driven by the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... composite is fiberglass, in which glass fibers are embedded in a polymer. Fiberglass acquires strength from the glass and flexibility from the polymer. Many recent material developments have involved composite materials. The synthetic composites described in this article are classified according to the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... from brittle to ductile Fiberglass-reinforced grades: Fiberglass reinforced to impart greater stiffness. Special coupling technology also increases strength Filled grades: Mineral, glass bead, or milled glass-filled grades to impart lower shrinkage and warpage in molding and slightly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... corrosion and decorative areas, and some plastics. This article discusses the formulation basics of polyurea technology and compares the technology to that of polyurethane and polyurethane/polyurea systems. It addresses performance issues and describes application processing considerations and safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... versions are used for truck unloading areas and secondary containment basins. The power industry has used flake- and fiberglass-reinforced linings for scrubbers ( Fig. 7 ), tanks, ducts, and stacks ( Fig. 8 ) to protect critical flue gas desulfurization equipment. The waste-treatment industry uses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... function and property requirements for resins and additives; size, shape, design, and cost of molded parts; equipment type and size; and the type of mold to be used. Commonly used molds include cast aluminum, fabricated sheet metal, nickel deposit, machined aluminum, silicone, fiberglass, and prototype...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Peters, Filament Winding, Engineering Plastics, Volume 2, Engineered Materials Handbook, ASM International, 1988, p 368-377. The most widely used fiber for commercial filament winding is fiberglass, which has been used in several grades in the United States for more than 40 years. The types of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... either metal or plastic/fiberglass composite strips. Then diamond grinding and finishing machines were designed and built to achieve the required surface finish. These machines are also capable of maintaining the extreme flatness and tolerance over the whole width demanded by the high-speed papermaking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... built today (2015) are generally constructed from PCCP, RCP, ductile iron, welded carbon steel, and sometimes from HDPE or fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP) mortar pipe. The HDPE and FRP options are used only when severe internal corrosion problems are expected. As noted earlier, the PCCP and RCP...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and cooking utensils. Fiberglass used as insulation and reinforcements is also considered traditional glass. The history of the window in architectural applications has been one of multiple, and frequently conflicting, requirements. Windows have been used to permit the passage of light in and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... control, equipment, surface preparation, and crack patterns and other characteristics of hard chromium plating. It offers recommendations for the design and use of plating racks, describes the problems encountered in hard chromium plating, and their corrective procedures. The article provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Maintenance coating is an important part of any meaningful asset-preservation strategy in facilities producing pulp and paper and other chemicals. This article discusses maintenance coating for carbon steel structures and process equipment exposed to normal external pulp and paper mill...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... be stored in rubber-lined steel tanks or glass-fiber-reinforced polyester-resin tanks. Polyester-glass linings in steel tanks are not recommended, because permeation of acid through pinholes in the lining could result in attack on the steel. Hydrofluoric acid (70%) is usually stored in plastic-lined...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... formulation matrix type processing BULK MOLDING COMPOUNDS, or fiber-reinforced thermoset molding compounds, represent the original engineering plastic materials. Phenolic molding compounds reinforced with cellulose fibers were developed by L. Baekeland early in this century. Fiberglass reinforcement and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... II prompted a need for materials with improved structural properties. In response, fiber-reinforced composites were developed, and by the end of the war fiberglass-reinforced plastics had been used successfully in filament-wound rocket motors and in various other structural applications. These...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... stiffness, it is often desirable to determine the thickness of fiberglass-reinforced plastic necessary to achieve strength or rigidity equivalent to that of the traditional material...