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fiber-reinforced polymeric composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the various aspects relating to the selection and preparation of ultrathin-section specimens of fiber-reinforced polymeric composites for examination by transmitted light microscopy. It provides information on the contrast-enhancement methods used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... This collection of articles is designed as an instructional reference for preparing fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composite materials for examination by optical microscopy and the techniques of optical microscopy used for analysis. It is also meant to be a teaching tool for those who want...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Reflected-light bright-field illumination is used in most cases for viewing fiber-reinforced polymeric composites. When using bright-field illumination, it is essential that the specimen be oriented 90 degrees to the light path. The light is reflected from a half-mirror through the lens, off the sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... on Composite Toughness and Its Measurement , J. Compos. Mater. , Vol 31 ( No. 6 ), 1997 , p 552 – 579 10.1177/002199839703100602 5. Nam J.D. and Seferis J.C. , Anisotropic Thermo-Oxidative Stability of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymeric Composites , SAMPE Q. , Vol 24 ( No. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... view of a spherulite that nucleated at the tip of a carbon fiber. Transmitted polarized light, 100× objective Natural Fiber and Resin Composites The use of fiber-reinforced polymeric composite materials continues to increase throughout the world due to their unique performance attributes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... rods to high-performance airplane parts, the use of fiber-reinforced composite materials is becoming more popular due to their high strength-to-weight ratio combined with easy manufacturing methods. Fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composites consist of reinforcing fibers and a polymer resin...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... been developed primarily by the textile industry to aid in keeping fiber tows together during the textile steps that are sometimes required in composites manufacture. They find the widest use with carbon- and polymeric-reinforcing fibers. Another use for surface finishes is to protect the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... techniques to manufacture structural thermoplastic composites. The term “structural” is used to refer to the ability to support substantial mechanical loads, meaning that structural composites are reinforced with continuous or at least relatively long fibers, thus deliberately excluding, for example...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a summary of the concepts discussed in the articles under the Section “Constituent Materials” in ASM Handbook, Volume 21: Composites. The Section describes the major matrix resins and reinforcing fibers used in composite materials, as well as some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... rehabilitation techniques using bonded fiber-reinforced polymeric materials depend strongly upon the condition of the substrate to which composite materials will be bonded. To maximize this bond, it is recommended that at least the following surface preparation procedure be followed: Remove all loose...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the types, properties, and uses of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites, including glass, carbon, aramid, boron, continuous silicon carbide, and aluminum oxide fiber composites. While polyester and vinyl ester resins are the most used matrix materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., arm- and headrests, and seat shells can all be made using natural fibers. The construction and furniture industry is also embracing the use of these composites. Superior particle- and fiberboard can be manufactured using natural fibers as reinforcement or fillers in a polymeric matrix. The panel-type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on a single property or on a combination of selected properties, depends on its cost as indexed to that property or combination of properties ( Ref 1 ). Specific Modulus and Specific Strength Polymeric-matrix composite reinforcing fibers have adequate strength and yield adequate composite strength...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... by directional placement of individual plies of reinforcement, such as 0°/90°/60°/60°/90°/0° or 0°/45°/45°/0°. Mechanical properties of discontinuous-fiber-reinforced composites (chopped-fiber or chopped-fabric molding compounds) are usually substantially lower than those of continuous-filament-reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of individual plies of reinforcement, such as 0°/90°/60°/60°/ 90°/0° or 0°/45°/45°/0°. Mechanical properties of discontinuous-fiber- reinforced composites (chopped-fiber or chopped-fabric molding compounds) are usually substantially lower than those of continuous-filament-reinforced composites. Properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , 1990 • Ashbee K. , Fundamental Principles of Fiber Reinforced Composites , Technomic Publishing Company, Inc. , 1989 • Barbero E.J. , Introduction to Composite Materials Design , Taylor & Francis , 1998 • Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia , Vol 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... dependence is the damping of vibrations due to energy dissipation in the polymeric matrix. The significance of all these phenomena increases with rise in temperature. The effects described are of considerable engineering importance for fiber-reinforced composite structures, because stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to be more sensitive to light and heat. Fillers and Fiber Reinforcements Inorganic materials can often be combined with polymeric materials to form composite systems with improved properties, where the polymeric material is the matrix and the inorganic material is dispersed as a discrete phase ( Ref 4...