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fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...Abstract Abstract This article introduces the principal methodologies and some advanced technologies that are being applied for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. These include acoustic emission, ultrasonic, eddy-current, computed tomography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-ultrasonics, radiography, X-ray computed tomography, thermography, low-frequency vibration methods, acoustic emission, eddy current testing, optical holography, and shearography. The article presents some examples are for fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. Many of the techniques have general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... This collection of articles is designed as an instructional reference for preparing fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composite materials for examination by optical microscopy and the techniques of optical microscopy used for analysis. It is also meant to be a teaching tool for those who want...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the composite, the thickness and characteristics of the surface paint layers, and the energy level of the lightning strike ( Ref 4 ). The microstructure of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites that have been exposed to high-energy arcing is quite different and can vary widely depending on the constituents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and short- and long-term properties of a fiber reinforced composite laminate depending on material selection and workmanship. The article also presents the basic design guidelines for open molding. open molding polymer-matrix composites thermoset composites hand lay-up spray-up process matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., aspect ratio, distribution, orientation, combination with fillers, and the quality of bonding with the matrix), and operating conditions. Fibers are far more wear resistant than the matrix and hence control the wear of composite. Continuous fiber-reinforced composites with a thermoset-polymer matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... RECYCLING AND REUSE of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite materials can be difficult, although much progress has been made. These materials obtain their useful and unusual blend of properties from their constituent phases: fibers, organic resins, and fillers. That these disparate phases are so finely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The list of materials includes particulate and fiber-reinforced polymers, ceramic-matrix composites, and metal-matrix composites. The article also provides information on freeform-fabrication techniques for composite part lay-up. rapid prototyping stereolithography powder sintering hot melt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... infiltration polymer infiltration polymer pyrolysis sol-gel process FIBER-REINFORCED CERAMIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES (CMCs) have received a great deal of interest since the 1980s for their potential as high-temperature structural materials. This new class of composites has been the subject of many research...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... energy, contact angle, work of adhesion, solid surface energy, and wetting and wicking. The article describes the change in interphase depending on the reinforcing fiber such as glass fiber, polymeric fiber, and carbon fiber. It emphasizes fiber-matrix adhesion measurements by direct methods, indirect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... polymer-matrix composite as a result of impact severity, as shown in Fig. 1 . Damage includes holes and punctures, delaminations, disbonds, core and resin damage, and water intrusion. Fig. 1 Damage to fiber reinforced polymer-matrix composites resulting from different impact severity. (a) Low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Composite Materials Using a Sandwich Beam D 5528 Standard Test Methods for Mode I Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composites D 6415 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Curved Beam Strength of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite ISO...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...). The focus is on important applications that are representative of the current state of practice. Advanced Polymer-Matrix Composites Although the basic concepts of composite materials were understood from a technical sense early on, it was in the 1940s that glass-reinforced plastics came...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... rods to high-performance airplane parts, the use of fiber-reinforced composite materials is becoming more popular due to their high strength-to-weight ratio combined with easy manufacturing methods. Fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composites consist of reinforcing fibers and a polymer resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... These heterogeneous and anisotropic materials are commonly developed from carbon or glass fibers combined with a petroleum-based polymeric matrix. In recent years, composites made from renewable resources have received increasing attention due to environmental concerns. Rising petroleum costs and consumption has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on a single property or on a combination of selected properties, depends on its cost as indexed to that property or combination of properties ( Ref 1 ). Specific Modulus and Specific Strength Polymeric-matrix composite reinforcing fibers have adequate strength and yield adequate composite strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-matrix composites (PMCs) in the form of E-glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) PCBs are well-established packaging materials. Similarly, a variety of particles are added to polymers to reduce CTE and increase thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, or both. These materials are particle-reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... widely used, economical reinforcement in polymer-matrix composites is E-glass fiber. When higher stiffness and strength are required, carbon fibers and aramid fibers are employed. There are a wide variety of carbon fibers, differing primarily in the degree of graphitization, which affects modulus...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... strength and stiffness properties of fiber-reinforced polymers allows rotational components, such as in mechanical energy storage devices, to function at higher rotational speeds than those made of homogeneous materials; thus more energy per unit weight is stored. Organic-matrix composite components also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-matrix composites and thermoset-matrix composites. The thermoplastic-matrix composites include thermoplastic polyester resins and fiber resin composites; thermoplastic polyamide resins and fiber-resin composites; and thermoplastic polysulfone resins and fiber-resin composites. polymer-matrix...