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fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article introduces the principal methodologies and some advanced technologies that are being applied for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. These include acoustic emission, ultrasonic, eddy-current, computed tomography, electromagnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... following features that occur in fiber-reinforced polymeric composites: A single, small area, such as the fracture origin in a composite laminate. The feature can be a small zone that requires several sections for a broader sampling. Dispersed particles, polymer phases, and short fibers embedded in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., radiography, X-ray computed tomography, thermography, low-frequency vibration methods, acoustic emission, eddy current testing, optical holography, and shearography. The article presents some examples are for fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. Many of the techniques have general applicability to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... D 3039, “Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials” The fiber volume, according to ASTM D 2584, “Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins,” or D 3171, “Test Method for Fiber Content of Resin-Matrix Composites by Matrix Digestion” The void volume...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., aspect ratio, distribution, orientation, combination with fillers, and the quality of bonding with the matrix), and operating conditions. Fibers are far more wear resistant than the matrix and hence control the wear of composite. Continuous fiber-reinforced composites with a thermoset-polymer matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... composites matrix damage multidirectional laminates physics-based approach structural design THIS ARTICLE presents a comprehendable and comprehensive physics-based approach for characterizing the strength of fiber-reinforced polymer composites. It begins with background information on the goals and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... materials includes particulate and fiber-reinforced polymer, ceramic-matrix composites, and metal-matrix composites. The article provides information on freeform-fabrication techniques for composite part lay-up. rapid prototyping stereolithography powder sintering hot melt extrusion sheet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... adhesion priming or friction welding for tertiary assembly operations with other parts and components. This type of composite component manufacture is based on either thermoplastic or thermosetting matrix materials reinforced, in the overwhelming majority of instances, by glass fibers. Emerging new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... interface between them. However, because composites are usually used for their structural properties, the definition can be restricted to include only those materials that contain reinforcement (such as fibers or particles) supported by a binder (matrix) material. Figure 1 shows a generalized diagram to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., polyphenylene; B, modified polyphenylene; BF, chopped fiber-reinforced polyphenylene; and BP, polyphenylene with plasticizer Compression tests of FRP composites are governed by ASTM D 3410, “Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials with Unsupported Gage Section...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the types, properties, and uses of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites, including glass, carbon, aramid, boron, continuous silicon carbide, and aluminum oxide fiber composites. While polyester and vinyl ester resins are the most used matrix materials for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials. The techniques can be used to characterize material discontinuities such as delaminations, cracks, voids, and matrix-rich pockets. It is also possible to visualize fiber orientation, measure changes in material thickness, and determine elastic and sonic properties. As already mentioned...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... plated, brazed diamond, diamond coated carbide, and polycrystalline cutting tools. The article also describes cutting tool materials that are used for peripheral milling, face milling, and the trimming of polymer-matrix composites. machining carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy epoxy thermoset composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... This collection of articles is designed as an instructional reference for preparing fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composite materials for examination by optical microscopy and the techniques of optical microscopy used for analysis. It is also meant to be a teaching tool for those who want to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... field environmental degradation damage tolerance fracture analysis ONE OF THE KEY ATTRIBUTES of continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites (CFCCs) is their ability to undergo inelastic straining upon mechanical loading ( Ref 1 ). The mechanisms for these strains involve matrix cracking and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... fibers combined with a petroleum-based polymeric matrix. In recent years, composites made from renewable resources have received increasing attention due to environmental concerns. Rising petroleum costs and consumption has increased the demand for renewable and sustainable alternatives. In response to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... boron particles break loose and gouge the polishing surface, frequently inflicting damage faster than it can be removed ( Fig. 3 ). Although diamond polishing medium is more expensive than alumina, and usually not required or recommended for polymer-matrix fiber-reinforced composites, this is one case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... using standard, bondable-foil strain gages on composites. Gage heating is a problem that must be addressed when using bondable-foil strain gages on polymeric matrix composites because the polymer does not conduct heat very well. This allows heat to build up in the gage, and the resulting temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... different fiber types, including carbon, glass, Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), or polymer fibers. The matrix composition can also vary widely in morphology, hardness, and mechanical properties. There are, however, a few cases that require special mounting techniques combined with nonstandard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... RECYCLING AND REUSE of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite materials can be difficult, although much progress has been made. These materials obtain their useful and unusual blend of properties from their constituent phases: fibers, organic resins, and fillers. That these disparate phases are so finely...