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fiber-reinforced polymer composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article introduces the principal methodologies and some advanced technologies that are being applied for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. These include acoustic emission, ultrasonic, eddy-current, computed tomography, electromagnetic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... compliant and more ductile than the polymer, resulting in improved toughness. Composites can be divided into classes in various manners. One simple classification scheme is to separate them according to reinforcement forms—particulate-reinforced, fiber-reinforced, or laminar composites. Fiber-reinforced...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ultrasonic inspection is a nondestructive technique that is useful in both quality control and research applications for flaw detection in fiber-reinforced composite materials. This article describes ultrasonic nondestructive analysis by outlining its three basic types of scans. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Several diverse techniques exist for producing quality holes in advanced composites. Carbon-, aramid-, and boron-fiber-reinforced materials each require different drilling methods and tools. Refer to the article “Machining, Drilling, and Cutting of Polymer-Matrix Composites” in this Volume for a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... foam Concrete Copper Cork Epoxy-aramid Fabrics, automotive Fiberglass-epoxy composite Fiberglass insulation (13 mm, or 0.5 in., thick) Food (frozen meats, vegetables) Furniture components Glass-fiber-reinforced polyester Glass-polyimide Graphite-epoxy composite (15.9...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... It illustrates the three broad categories of MMCs depending on the aspect ratio of the reinforcing phase. The categories include continuous fiber-reinforced composites, discontinuous or short fiber-reinforced composites, and particle-reinforced composites. The article discusses the two main classes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... also discusses the test methods of the four major types of mechanical testing of polymer-matrix composites: tensile, compression, flexural, and shear. compression test environmental exposures fiber-reinforced composite stress-strain relationship flexural test laminate mechanical testing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., discontinuously reinforced composites and continuous-fiber-reinforced composites. Processing methods include cold pressing, sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding, melt infiltration, directed metal oxidation, sol-gel and polymer pyrolysis, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and joining. A table...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...., fibers, coating, foams, etc.) that can be produced by appropriate processing. Although the chemical structure of a polymer may not seem important to an engineer, it is actually very important because it dictates so many polymer properties. Much of the processing used to create engineering plastics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide fibers. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... compounds, such as the aluminides of titanium, nickel, and iron, are also under development. Reinforcements, characterized as either continuous or discontinuous, may constitute from 10 to 70 vol% of the composite. Continuous fiber or filament (f) reinforcements include graphite, silicon carbide (SiC), boron...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... continuous filament carbon fibers will undoubtedly grow. Carbon-carbon composites were developed to withstand the harsh but different conditions of reentry, rocket motors, and aircraft brakes. Early work on fiber-reinforced polymers used in ablative heat shields indicated that the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... vehicle slurry coatings CARBON-CARBON is a unique composite material in which a nonstructural carbonaceous matrix is reinforced by carbon fibers to create a heat-resistant structural material. The carbon fibers are generally employed as woven fabric in two-dimensional laminates, or as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... reinforcement but also on the shape (long fibers, short fibers, particles, plates) and the resultant interface between the reinforcement and the magnesium matrix. Other properties of magnesium to be improved by such reinforcements include wear resistance, elevated-temperature strength, and creep resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... plastics tend to decrease less rapidly with increasing temperature than those of unfilled plastics. Fiber reinforcements can be glass, carbon, graphite, metal, mineral, or polymer ( Ref 4 ). Glass fibers are widely used, both in continuous form in thermosets and in short form in thermoplastics. Table 3...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Sheet molding compound (SMC) is a composite material - consisting of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester in a resin matrix - that’s available in sheet form for the production of compression-molded parts. This article discusses the components incorporated into the resin paste, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... or ceramics. The versatility of polymers means that they can be processed to have tailored properties, for example, through the addition of fillers for enhancements such as reinforcement, or benefits such as improved wear characteristics, tailored radiopacity, or color. Therefore, there are many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... plastics are principally composed of a base resin and additives to create a useful portfolio of properties. The resin may be one or more polymers, while the additives include processing aids, antioxidants, fillers, reinforcing fibers, pigments, plasticizers, and impact modifiers that are blended with the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... temperature. This dependency allows access to processing and performance information relating to resins and fiber-reinforced composites and can be used for quality assurance, process control, and new material process development. Gel points, T g , expansion/contraction properties, reaction rates and cure...