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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Thermoset materials reinforced with long fibers offer excellent engineering properties in a moldable material. Bulk molding compounds can be molded into a variety of complex shapes by methods that can be readily automated for high-volume production. At the same time, their engineering properties can...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article is a compilation of tables containing property data for major reinforcement materials, including high-modulus fibers, carbon fibers, graphite fibers, glass fibers, ceramic short fibers and whiskers. Data are provided for physical, mechanical, chemical, thermal and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... tensile untreated surface; HMS, high modulus surface treated Decisive influences on the mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of CCCs come from the fiber type, fiber volume fraction, fiber architecture, precursor, and processing cycle ( Tables 8 , 9 , 10 ). With an increasing number of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is expressed as a percent weight loss. The lower this value, the more resistant the glass is to the corrosive solution. The test procedure involves subjecting a given weight of 10 μm (390 μin.) diam bare glass fibers, without binders or sizes, to a known volume of corrosive solution held at 96 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... tensile fracture Fig. 1250 Surface of a fracture in a longitudinal tensile-test specimen of a carbon (graphite)-magnesium composite having a tensile strength of 640 MPa (93 ksi). The approximate makeup of the composite was 40% graphite fibers and 60% magnesium matrix (99.5% pure), by volume. See...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Composites” in this Volume. Composite materials were developed because no single, homogeneous structural material could be found that had all of the desired attributes for a given application. Fiber-reinforced composites were developed in response to demands of the military aerospace community, which is...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... It illustrates the three broad categories of MMCs depending on the aspect ratio of the reinforcing phase. The categories include continuous fiber-reinforced composites, discontinuous or short fiber-reinforced composites, and particle-reinforced composites. The article discusses the two main classes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... used to stabilize twists in yarn fibers in a textile plant were failing after approximately 1 month. The temperature was measured as 190 °C (375 °F). The mats were composed of nickel-copper corrugated heater elements stitched into fiberglass and encapsulated in resin for rigidity. The charred...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Plastics, Volume 2, Engineered Materials Handbook, ASM International, 1988: R.A. Blake, Jr., Ultrasonic Nondestructive Analysis, p 838–846 Ultrasonic nondestructive inspection techniques are useful in both quality control and research applications for flaw detection in fiber-reinforced composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... obtained over suitable time range Moderate for delaminations and inclusions; not applicable to other defects Good Fair High Low-frequency methods Incorrect fiber volume fraction, cracks, large delaminations, incorrect winding angle Relatively low Poor; only useful for relatively large...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... about 15 vol% ( Ref 54 , 55 ). Another limitation on sintering is the bridging phenomenon caused by whiskers or fibers. Bridging is a function of the orientation and aspect ratio of the reinforcement. The critical percolation volume fraction decreases as both the dimensionality of reinforcement and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... MMC designation system and also describes the types of continuous fiber aluminum MMCs, including aluminum/boron MMC, aluminum/silicon carbide MMC, aluminum/graphite MMC, and aluminum/alumina MMC. aluminum-matrix composites copper-matrix composites intermetallic-matrix composites magnesium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., pultrusion). (b) Fabric-resin composites (tape wrap, layup). (c) Chopped fiber or fabric-resin molding compounds. (d) Shape components Some data references for resin-fiber composites may not give fiber percentage by volume or weight, fiber length or diameter, resin type, supplier, or cure cycle...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... reinforcement (fiber, cloth, etc.) Largest volume reinforcement; high strength, dimensional stability, heat resistance, chemical resistance Kaolin Second-largest volume extender pigment, with largest use in wire and cable, sheet molding compounds and bulk molding compounds, vinyl flooring Metal fillers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This article focuses on mechanical finishing methods, namely, barrel tumbling, polishing, buffing, vibratory finishing, fiber brushing, and shot blasting. It provides useful information on process control and difficulties with chemical and anodic treatments of magnesium alloys. The use and applications...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... such as delamination and fiber or resin pullout. The article describes machining and drilling techniques and the necessary tools and cutting parameters. It presents a description of laser cutting. The article also provides information on the advantages, disadvantages, cutting characteristics, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article reviews the applications of traditional glasses in architecture, transportation, construction, houseware, containers, and fibers. It also describes uses of specialty glasses for aerospace and military applications, biomedical and dental applications, chemical-resistant...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... gives a detailed account of production, properties and application of fiberglass, optical fibers, glass spheres and ceramic glasses, and describes the forms, classification, compositions and properties of glass/metal and glass-ceramic/metal seals. fiberglass forming glass melting glass spheres...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Wet lay-up using hand or spray techniques is one of the simplest methods of combining a fiber reinforcement with a solidifying resin to form a composite structure. This article describes several wet lay-up processes - including contact molding, spray molding, vacuum bag molding, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Sheet molding compound (SMC) is a composite material - consisting of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester in a resin matrix - that’s available in sheet form for the production of compression-molded parts. This article discusses the components incorporated into the resin paste, including...