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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of fiber type, fiber length, and matrix type on thermoset bulk molding compounds. The markets for long-fiber-reinforced bulk molding compounds are electrical, ordnance, aerospace, industrial, sporting goods, and automotive. applications bulk molding compounds fiber length fiber type...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide fibers. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 500 400 58 2.6 Aramid (Kevlar 49) 2750 400 130 19 1.45 E-glass 1510 220 70 10 0.55 High-modulus graphite 2000 300 380 55 1.94 High-tensile strength graphite 2750 400 260 38 1.76 Table 3 Properties of carbon fiber types Fiber type Density, g/cm 3...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... tensile untreated surface; HMS, high modulus surface treated Decisive influences on the mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of CCCs come from the fiber type, fiber volume fraction, fiber architecture, precursor, and processing cycle ( Tables 8 , 9 , 10 ). With an increasing number of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of metal-matrix composites, including tungsten fiber-reinforced aluminum, tungsten fiber-reinforced carbon steel, and tungsten fiber-reinforced silver. The fractographs illustrate...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the types, properties, and uses of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites, including glass, carbon, aramid, boron, continuous silicon carbide, and aluminum oxide fiber composites. While polyester and vinyl ester resins are the most used matrix materials for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... also discusses the test methods of the four major types of mechanical testing of polymer-matrix composites: tensile, compression, flexural, and shear. compression test environmental exposures fiber-reinforced composite stress-strain relationship flexural test laminate mechanical testing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the aspect ratio of the reinforcing phase. These categories are defined as: Continuous fiber-reinforced composites Discontinuous or short fiber-reinforced composites Particle-reinforced composites The structures of the three types of MMCs are schematically shown in Fig. 2 . A...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... MMC designation system and also describes the types of continuous fiber aluminum MMCs, including aluminum/boron MMC, aluminum/silicon carbide MMC, aluminum/graphite MMC, and aluminum/alumina MMC. aluminum-matrix composites copper-matrix composites intermetallic-matrix composites magnesium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ultrasonic inspection is a nondestructive technique that is useful in both quality control and research applications for flaw detection in fiber-reinforced composite materials. This article describes ultrasonic nondestructive analysis by outlining its three basic types of scans. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Sheet molding compound (SMC) is a composite material - consisting of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester in a resin matrix - that’s available in sheet form for the production of compression-molded parts. This article discusses the components incorporated into the resin paste, including...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... glass-ceramic/metal seals glass/metal seals grinding optical fibers polishing THE LARGE MAJORITY of the commercially important glasses are processed from a carefully calculated batch of raw materials that is then melted in special furnaces. There are various types of melting units used, and the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., resin and fiber types, resin-fiber interface, type of composite processing (filament winding, tape wrapping, or molding), and type of composite cure (autoclave, hydroclave, vacuum bag molding, extrusion, or compression or injection molding). In addition, these observations on material properties in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... assisted lay-up resin types spray lay-up spray molding vacuum bag molding wet lay-up WET LAY-UP using hand or spray techniques is one of the oldest and simplest methods of combining a fiber reinforcement with a solidifying resin to form a structure ( Ref 1 , 2 ). It is suitable for continuous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and fiber can occur. Table 4 Some important reinforcements for ceramic-matrix composites Type Examples Particles SiC, TiC, Al 2 O 3 , NiB 2 , ZrO 2 Platelets SiC, Al 2 O 3 Discontinuous fibers    Whiskers SiC, TiB 2 , Al 2 O 3  Short fibers Glass, Al 2 O 3 , SiC...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... lists the various glass grades available in fibers. Over 90% of the fiberglass used for reinforcement is of the E-glass type. While this glass has excellent electrical properties, it also has good mechanical properties and bonds well to most plastics after an appropriate coupling agent is used. S-glass...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article reviews the applications of traditional glasses in architecture, transportation, construction, houseware, containers, and fibers. It also describes uses of specialty glasses for aerospace and military applications, biomedical and dental applications, chemical-resistant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... such as delamination and fiber or resin pullout. The article describes machining and drilling techniques and the necessary tools and cutting parameters. It presents a description of laser cutting. The article also provides information on the advantages, disadvantages, cutting characteristics, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This article focuses on mechanical finishing methods, namely, barrel tumbling, polishing, buffing, vibratory finishing, fiber brushing, and shot blasting. It provides useful information on process control and difficulties with chemical and anodic treatments of magnesium alloys. The use and applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...-matrix composites Manufacturing type of defects In-service type of defects Density, fiber ratio, porosity, delaminations, contamination, interface quality, thermal cracking, fiber alignment, foreign inclusions, fiber cuts, bonding defects Impact damage, chemical/physical degradation, moisture...