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fiber trajectories

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... applications. This article provides examples for these four categories, with an emphasis on those applications/materials that have achieved commercial viability. The applications for continuous fiber ceramic composites are also summarized. aerospace and military applications continuous fiber-reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... fiber trajectories by the turn of the century. The short-term solution has been to determine the lamina properties experimentally and to calculate laminate properties from lamina. A number of computer programs for calculation of laminate properties for resin-matrix composites are available. Even...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... successful use of composite for solid-fuel rocket motor cases in the 1950s, composites have been continually developed for the aircraft, launch vehicles, missiles, and spacecraft structures. Elastic response, strength, failure mode, and damage tolerance characteristics of fiber-reinforced laminated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of using vacuum arc deposition to produce coatings stems from the copious quantity of ions of electrode material composition that are generated during the discharge. Because the output of the vacuum arc is highly ionized, it is possible to control both the trajectory of the coating material during its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., trajectory, and its own physical and thermal properties. Fig. 3 Typical thermal spray process parameters and variables Gas temperatures in the spray stream vary greatly as a function of the process. In flame spray processes, temperature is determined in order by the fuel characteristics, oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... at low voltages (∼5 keV). Figure 2 shows a Monte Carlo projection of electron trajectories in tungsten and aluminum (note the differing sizes of the volumes). The excitation volume is an important quantity because it is the source of data signals used for imaging and analysis. The location...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The article gives a detailed account of production, properties and application of fiberglass, optical fibers, glass spheres and ceramic glasses, and describes the forms, classification, compositions and properties of glass/metal and glass-ceramic/metal seals. fiberglass forming glass melting glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... be implemented by sending the generation beam through several optical fibers of lengths chosen to give proper time delays ( Ref 10 ). This method is not very flexible, so the use of separate lasers triggered at proper times has been explored ( Ref 11 ), although such a system appears too complex and too costly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to the object, can be easily overcome using optical fiber technology. Pressure Measurement Pressure is a measure of the force per unit area exerted on a surface by the random motion of gas molecules. Because the earth's atmosphere exerts a constant pressure (approximately), it is common to express...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the trajectory of the electrons. A change in the trajectory of the electrons causes the emission of radiation over a broad spectrum along the initial trajectory. This radiation, which also includes visible radiation and x-rays, is termed synchrotron radiation or synchrotron light. The spectrum does not contain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... previously, was developed by Finnie ( Ref 29 , 30 ) and is still widely quoted. The trajectory of the particle was calculated using a number of simplifying assumptions, and the volume removed was equated to the volume swept out by the particle tip. The model predicted a velocity exponent of n = 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... in measuring individual and collective particle velocities, temperature, and trajectories as well as other plume characteristics for the plasma spray process. particle morphology powder feeder process control equipment thermal spray equipment thermal spray plume sensors SUPPORT EQUIPMENT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., preheating is not recommended for some materials. Carbon- and glass-fiber-reinforced composites have matrices that are temperature-sensitive. To remove moisture from sensitive substrates, an alcohol rinse prior to spraying is used. Excessive preheating will cause surface oxidation. Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... that have lost very little energy. These electrons have been shown to exit the sample very close to the initial beam position, resulting in spatial resolutions in typical transition metals to be better than 0.1 μm for beam voltages up to 20 kV ( Ref 10 ). Monte Carlo electron trajectory simulations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... (∼10 W). Because highly focusable beam power sources (single-mode fiber lasers and small electron beam welders) of up to ∼1 kW are presently available, quite fast travel speeds should be energetically possible. At 1 kW, still assuming a cubic fusion zone 100 μm on a side and its energy requirement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... that is not their initial direction. Figure 6(a) shows a line scan, with the beam scanning from positions 1 to 5 across a bump on a surface. Possible trajectories of the secondary electron paths are shown for beam positions 2 and 4, and it is apparent that even though the secondary electron paths can curve over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... to cause particle impingement erosion in circulating oil systems where oil flows at high velocity, sending heavy and hard particles on destructive trajectories ( Ref 30 ). Chemical Composition While terrain dust is known for its wear-inducing potential due to its hardness, it is also chemically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... longitudinal axis. This method of powder injection is claimed to provide consistent, “well-mannered” particle trajectories and thus enable optimum heat transfer to the particles. However, the internal design of the spray device must take into account potential wear of the components from the abrasive feedstock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... The intensity distribution of light or electrons from a single point should ideally be a single point. However, if light or electrons pass through a round hole or an aperture, the trajectories no longer converge to a single point but are slightly enlarged as concentric rings with a very intense circle...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and thermosets, homopolymers and copolymers, elastic polymers and fibers, and blends and composites; these categories are described in detail in other articles in this Volume. Any discussion of adhesion must include a recognition of the wide variety of structures that are possible for plastic materials. Figure...