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fiber metal laminates

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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 13 Fiber-metal laminates structure, a standard 3/2 lay-up: three layers of aluminum, two layers of prepreg. Source: Ref 27 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 17 Crack growth behavior of GLARE fiber-metal laminate and 2024-T3 aluminum alloy. S max = 120 MPa (17.4 ksi). R = 0.05. Frequency = 10 Hz. More
Image
Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 19 Fracture toughness of GLARE fiber-metal laminate More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... properties and damage tolerance of fiber-metal laminates such as ARALL and GLARE laminates. The article concludes with a discussion on the effects of fatigue on notched and unnotched specimens. ARALL laminates composite laminates damage tolerance delamination fatigue behavior fatigue data analysis...
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 20 A comparison of residual strength as a function of K t for 2024-T3 aluminum and various fiber-metal laminate types More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Lightning strike damage in a carbon fiber composite laminate having metal foil on the surface for protection. (a) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 4× objective. (b) Transmitted light (ultrathin section), circular polarized light, 4× objective. The impregnation outline of the epoxy More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... laminates bonded joints ceramic-matrix composites composite laminates composites curved laminates design for manufacturing fiber-reinforced composites metal-matrix composites symmetric through-thickness laminates thermal expansion composites THE QUEST for improved performance has caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on electromagnetic interference shielding, electrostatic discharge protection, metal plating, fire resistance, and corrosion resistance on composite materials. composites composite laminates fiber-reinforced polymer wet lay-up autoclaves resin transfer molding vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and good curing properties at ambient temperature. A grooved metal roller is used to consolidate the skin laminate, ensuring that all fiber filaments are wetted and all air entrapments are removed ( Fig. 8 ). Fig. 7 Application of resin and chopped strand mat Fig. 8 Laminate consolidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... tool laminate is not ductile like metal. When bending a composite laminate, there are fibers in tension at the outer layers and fibers in compression at the inner layers. These forces can lead to dimensional distortion, especially at elevated temperatures. (The shape that was achieved at room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for the product application. The resin, carbon, or metal matrix provides (1) stable dimensional control to the fiber laminate, (2) a small participating component for properties, and (3) a shear resistance between reinforcing fibers. A coupling agent enhances resin matrix-to-fiber bonding, while the filler...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Polymers are classified as being thermoplastic or thermoset. Other matrices : Metal, ceramic, carbon, glass Structural configurations: Solid laminate, sandwich panels, stiffened panels Core materials: Honeycomb, foam, wood, syntactic Processing options include: Manufacturing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... gives a detailed account of production, properties and application of fiberglass, optical fibers, glass spheres and ceramic glasses, and describes the forms, classification, compositions and properties of glass/metal and glass-ceramic/metal seals. fiberglass forming glass melting glass spheres...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... composites, and continuously aligned fiber reinforced MMCs. mechanical properties thermal properties discontinuously reinforced aluminum metal matrix composites laminated metallic composites continuously aligned fiber reinforced metal matrix composites METAL-MATRIX COMPOSITES (MMCs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , or in the matrix itself, as shown in Fig. 9 . Fig. 8 Fatigue striations in the resin beneath a carbon fiber that was pulled out of a carbon/epoxy (AS4/3501-6) laminate following mode I fatigue loading. 5000× Fig. 9 Fatigue striations in the resin of a carbon/fiber composite laminate that failed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... lamination solid ground curing three-dimensional printing fiber-reinforced polymer ceramic-matrix composites metal-matrix composites freeform-fabrication technique RAPID PROTOTYPING (RP)—also known as solid freeform fabrication, automated fabrication, layered manufacturing, and so forth— consists...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... by calibrating it with some metal of very low damping properties (such as high-strength titanium or aluminum alloys). Unidirectional Composites The basic building block of layered composite structures is a single lamina of unidirectionally reinforced material. All the fibers are considered to be parallel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-related failure modes as well as materials defects originating from processing, which include voids, fiber-rich or matrix-rich regions, fiber misalignment, and laminate stacking errors. The integrated effect of the cumulative damage state of the composite results in the final failure mode. Therefore...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to the truth. Composite monolayers have so little strength in the transverse fiber direction that it is necessary to include fibers in every direction for which some load condition exists. In contrast, for adhesively bonded laminated metal alloy structures, each laminate can perform double or triple duties...
Image
Published: 01 January 2001
. The composites have two-dimensional (2D) fiber architectures (either laminated or woven), and the loads are applied parallel to one of the fiber axes. In all cases, the normalized hole diameter is a/w = 0.2. The lower limit on the notched strength is given by 1/ k σ , where k σ is the elastic stress More