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ferrous metallurgists

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...Abstract Abstract This article presents a diagramatic representation of a periodic system that illustrates the fundamental alloying nature of iron for ferrous metallurgists. periodic system ferrous metallurgists alloying iron The basic principles of alloying were applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., toughness, and reliability are primary considerations. However, methods must be found that achieve these benefits at lower cost. The goal of ferrous metallurgists, therefore, has been to achieve similar properties in steel forgings in the as-forged condition, that is, without subsequent heat treatment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardfacing materials are normally classified as steels or low-alloy ferrous materials, high-chromium white irons or high-alloy ferrous materials, carbides, nickel-base alloys, or cobalt-base alloys. A few copper-base alloys are sometimes used for hardfacing applications, but for the most part, hardfacing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... connection led to the belief that the metallurgist had a direct link to the divine, if not of divine origin himself. It elevated the social status of the early metallurgist in the tribal hierarchy to that of a chief or shaman. Metalworkers sometimes rose to the level of royalty. Genghis Khan was a simple...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a strong influence on the manner in which an examination is performed. For example, the civil or mechanical engineer may perform a very careful examination of the stresses and loads causing the failure but may not devote much attention to the metallurgical factors. By the same token, the metallurgist may...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... manufactured goods and in all capital goods machinery used in manufacturing. Some of the major market areas of castings are listed in Table 1 ( Ref 2 ). Major markets for metal castings Table 1 Major markets for metal castings Ferrous castings Gray iron Ingot molds Construction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... or quasicleavage, and intergranular failure. Certain fundamental characteristics of fracture observed in precipitation-hardening alloys, ferrous alloys, titanium alloys are also discussed. cleavage fracture crack growth cracking creep dimpled rupture ductile striation formation failure analysis...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the solubilities of the common gases present in ferrous metals, such as cast irons, and nonferrous metals, such as aluminum, copper, magnesium, and their alloys. The kinetics of the relevant reactions, reactions during solidification, and possible methods...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... 7 2 − + 14H + + 6 e − → 2Cr 3+ + 7H 2 O F H 2 SO 3 + H 2 O → SO 4 2 − + 4H + + 2 e − In reaction A, the ferric ion (+ III oxidation state) gains an electron, reducing it to ferrous ion (+ II oxidation state). Similarly, in reaction D, iron(+ II) loses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... are changed slightly, as indicated by the dashed lines in Fig. 2 In ferrous alloys, iron is the base element, but carbon and other alloying elements are frequently used. Based on carbon content, there are three types of ferrous alloys: irons, steels, and cast irons. Commercially pure iron contains less...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... castings. compacted graphite iron graphite morphology microstructure tensile strength MARCH 20, 1948, IS WELL KNOWN to cast iron metallurgists as the date on which K.D. Millis, A.P. Gagnebin, and N.B. Pilling filed the first patent application for the production of ductile iron. The patent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... before they need to be replaced. Years ago many turbine rotors failed catastrophically, creating costly damage, loss of life, and a complete shutdown of the power plant. To prevent this from happening, metallurgists and metallographers were called on to predict the useful life of these components so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... evolving to exploit the best features of each type of steel. The following sections in this article describe in detail several important ferrous microstructures and the steels and processing methods used to produce them. Pearlite and Bainite Pearlite is the name given to the microstructure produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... the practices employed in the cold treatment of steel and presents some of the results of using cryogenic treatment to enhance steel properties. Cold Treatment of Steel Cold treatment of steel consists of exposing the ferrous material to subzero temperatures to either impart or enhance specific...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of materials and because the interdisciplinary field of materials science was not yet born, the engineer was, most likely, a metallurgist with little concern for materials other than metals. For such an individual the one-volume Metals Handbook largely filled his needs for data and tutorial reviews. How...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... produced by early Chinese metallurgists and used for many purposes, including statuary, bells, and coinage. In modern times, white cast irons are not much used, and then normally only as a precursor for malleable iron. Furthermore, this early material can have sulfur and/or phosphorus contents that are far...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... circumstances. As such, alloy phase diagrams are useful to metallurgists, materials engineers, and materials scientists in four major areas: Development of new alloys for specific applications Fabrication of these alloys into useful configurations Design and control of heat treatment procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of multiphase structures and macrostructure of metals and alloys. ferrous metals macrostructure multiphase microstructure nonferrous metals single-phase microstructure substructure FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY, dating back to the pioneering contributions of Henry Clifton Sorby, metallurgists have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... AUSTEMPERED DUCTILE IRON (ADI) results from a specialty heat treatment of ductile cast iron. Strength improvements in combination with excellent toughness can be realized by using this process. Austempering is an isothermal heat treatment that, when applied to ferrous materials, produces a structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... be assisted by the use of electron microscopy, which provides higher resolution than light (optical) microscopes. For example, pearlite is often unresolved when examined under a light microscope, appearing as a more or less uniform or slightly mottled gray phase ( Fig. 3a ). The experienced ferrous...