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ferritic stainless steel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, precipitation-hardening stainless steels, and duplex stainless steels. It contains a table lists common medical device applications for stainless steels. The article discusses the physical metallurgy, and physical and mechanical properties of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steels, as defined by the crystallographic structure. These include ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, martensitic stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels. The mechanism of corrosion protection for stainless steels is reviewed. The article examines the effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... austenitic stainless steels, martensitic stainless steels, precipitation-hardening stainless steels, and ferritic stainless steels. It concludes with a discussion on the heating and lubrication of dies. austenitic stainless steel cleaning dies ferritic stainless steel forgeability forging forging...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-purity iron, low-carbon irons, silicon (electrical) steels, nickel-iron alloys, iron-cobalt alloys, ferritic stainless steels, amorphous metals, and ferrites (ceramics). Finally, the article provides a short note on alloys for magnetic temperature compensation. amorphous metals ferrites ferritic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... properties of five major stainless steel families, of which four are based on the crystallographic structure of the alloys, including martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, or duplex. The fifth is precipitation-hardenable alloys, based on the type of heat treatment used. The article further discusses the factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... permanent deformation or creep of steel due to its own weight during enamel firing. The sag resistance of steel is related to its strength at elevated temperatures and to the temperature at which the steel starts to transform from ferrite to austenite on heating. In general, the higher the strength and the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 241 HRB Ferritic stainless steels (b) 405 Annealed bar 483 70 276 40 30 60 150 Cold drawn bar 586 85 483 70 20 60 185 409 Annealed bar 450 65 240 35 25 … 75 HRB 430 Annealed bar 517 75 310 45 30 65 155 Annealed and cold drawn 586 85 483 70 20...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... different types of stainless steels such as austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening, and on the heat treatment of superalloys and refractory metals. It discusses the recommended procedures for solution annealing, austenite conditioning, transformation cooling, and age...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-temperature exposure ( Fig. 22 ). AISI type 440C martensitic stainless steel contains undissolved alloy carbides in a high-carbon martensitic matrix (some retained austenite is also present but cannot be resolved by light microscopy). The AISI type 304 austenitic weld metal contains delta ferrite, which...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of the relative suitability of the commonly used austenitic, martensitic, and ferritic types of stainless steels to various methods of forming are given in Table 1 . These ratings are based both on formability and on the power required for forming. Table 1 Relative suitability of stainless...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... grades can be used. Another problem in high heat input welds is grain growth, particularly in ferritic stainless steels. Excessive grain growth can increase susceptibility to intergranular attack and reduce toughness. Thus, when welding most stainless steels, it is wise to limit weld heat input as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., which work harden more rapidly than ferritic types. Warm or hot forming can be necessary for thicknesses that can be formed cold in carbon steel. Because of their high ductility, austenitic types are the most readily formed stainless steels: austenitic stainless steel sheet can be severely drawn...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ferrite present in austenitic stainless steel castings, in contrast to the single-phase austenitic structure of the wrought alloys. The presence of ferrite in the castings is desirable for facilitating weld repair, but ferrite also increases resistance to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). There have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... systems used in the U.S., AISI is the oldest and most widely used. Most of the grades have a three-digit designation; the 200 and 300 series are generally austenitic stainless steels, whereas the 400 series are either ferritic or martensitic. Some of the grades have a one- or two-letter suffix that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... a result, magnetic properties of vacuum-sintered ferritic stainless steels are superior to those obtained with atmosphere sintering. Compositions of widely used commercial grades of stainless steels are given in Table 1 . Modified versions of these standard MPIF grades include alloys containing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... thin foil specimen, 57,000× (J.E. Nolan, Westinghouse Hanford Company) Ferritic iron-aluminum alloys have been proposed as substitutes for conventional chromium-bearing stainless steels, particularly the austenitic 300 series alloys with 15 to 28% Cr. Interest in these materials stems in large part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... high strength and modest corrosion resistance. Alloy CA-15 typically exhibits a microstructure of martensite and ferrite. This alloy contains the minimum amount of chromium to be considered a stainless steel (11 to 14% Cr) and as such may not be used in aggressive environments. It does, however...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... names: ferritic nitrocarburizing and carbonitriding. Carbonitriding is performed with the steel in an austenitic phase, above 760 °C (1400 °F). Ferritic nitrocarburizing is performed in the ferritic range, below 675 °C (1250 °F). Fig. 18 Microstructure (a) of a plasma nitrocarburized plain carbon...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of various steel manufacturing processes, such as ingot casting, continuous casting, and hot rolling. It provides an outline of specialized processing routes of producing ultralow plain carbon steels, interstitial-free steels, high strength low-alloy steels, ultrahigh strength steels, stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the most commonly employed tests and specific examples of the use of these tests in evaluating the corrosion resistance of powder metallurgy (P/M) stainless steels. It describes the influence of various processing parameters on the...