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fatigue wear

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... brief discussion on coatings to improve surface-initiated fatigue and wear is included, due to the similarity to RCF and the increasing criticality of this failure mode. The article presents a working knowledge of Hertzian contact theory, describes the life prediction of rolling-element bearings, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... such as sliding adhesive wear, two-body abrasion, three-body abrasion, erosion, and fatigue. ceramics composite restorative materials dental amalgam dental cements dental feldspathic porcelain dental materials endodontic instruments erosion fatigue fissure sealants fracture toughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article describes die wear and failure mechanisms, including thermal fatigue, abrasive wear, and plastic deformation. It summarizes the important attributes required for dies and the properties of the various die materials that make them suitable for particular applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures, covering the general classification of wear. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... type, sequence, magnitude, and number of the fluctuating (multiaxial) stresses often in combination with complex environmental influences (temperature, corrosion, wear). These factors complicate the laboratory simulation of actual application conditions and often require full-sized component tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... was mainly caused by an intergranular fatigue fracture (originating in an area of wear) that may have been due to alloying element segregation at the grain boundaries. However, there were also pits and scratches on the side of the implant experiencing tensile loading, and stress-corrosion cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than the rubbing surfaces. Fretting wear Adhesive wear at run-in; tribo-oxidative wear at steady state Rolling-sliding wear Contact fatigue wear when lambda factor > 3; contact fatigue wear in combination with adhesive wear when lambda factor < 0.3; tribo-oxidative wear in dry conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... solid surface caused by fracture arising from material fatigue in a corrosive environment. This wear mode is also termed tribocorrosion fatigue ( Ref 8 , 9 ). Components in machinery, such as cylinder piston rods and slide bearings, and facilities used in an offshore corrosive environment can suffer...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... play a part, and if they do, their characteristics The method of surface preparation and cleaning The duration of exposure to wearing conditions Other requirements, such as cosmetic considerations, corrosion resistance, and fatigue strength The most important form(s) of wear and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fretting contact stresses and propagate due to the bulk fatigue stress. The object of this article is to focus on fretting wear related to debris formation and ejection, so the specific problem of fretting fatigue is not discussed in detail. Most of the fretting wear concerns quasi-static normal load, but...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... system will wear, and the friction of worn surfaces is of interest, friction should be measured in a test that produces wear. ASTM D 3028-90, described above, has that capability, as do several of the wear tests described below. Wear processes (comprised of wear by abrasion, adhesion, and fatigue) are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... replacement joints are now well understood. If the counterfaces are rough ( Ref 61 ) or damaged ( Ref 62 ), the basic abrasive and adhesive wear mechanisms dominate, but as the counterface roughness is improved, subsurface fatigue plays an increasingly important role. This has been clearly revealed by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... industries. This article describes the processes involved in erosion of ductile materials, brittle materials, and elastomers. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given on abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the article provides information on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxide films, thus reducing metal-to-metal contact Adhesion: a more severe wear regime characterized by material smearing and transfer Abrasion: equally severe, one-, two-, or three-body modes lead to the formation of plowing grooves Surface fatigue: more severe wear again, leading to...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Hadfield's austenitic manganese steel exhibits high toughness and ductility with high work-hardening capacity and, usually, good wear resistance. Beginning with an overview of the as-cast properties and composition of these class of steels, this article discusses the heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be equal to or greater than the composite surface roughness of the sliding surfaces ( Ref 43 ). The other factors contributing to scuffing failure include wear or fatigue debris in the lubricant, wearout of the protective tribological film, lubricant degradation, and so on ( Ref 44 , 45 ). The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... wear, lubrication and lubricated wear, and selection of steels for wear resistance. The article discusses the effect of alloying elements, composition, and mechanical properties of carbon and low-alloy steels at elevated temperatures. It talks about the fatigue resistance characteristics of steels, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... range of failures, including fatigue failure, distortion failure, wear failure, corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, liquid-metal embrittlement, hydrogen-damage failure, corrosion-fatigue failure, and elevated-temperature failure. This article describes the classification of fractures on a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... precision forging punching safety precautions thermal fatigue trimming dies vertical press wear resistance DIE MATERIALS used for hot forging include hot-work tool steels (AISI H series), some alloy steels such as the AISI 4300 or 4100 series, and a small number of proprietary, lower-alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Hardfacing is defined as the application of a wear-resistant material, in depth, to the vulnerable surfaces of a component by a weld overlay or thermal spray process Hardfacing materials include a wide variety of alloys, carbides, and combinations of these materials. Iron-base...