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fatigue life

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... decarburization, manifesting a graphite-free near-surface region or rim. This can lead to increased tool wear and vibrations during surface machining. Extreme degrees of such decarburization can involve a ferritic rim, which reduces machining tool life by fostering a built-up edge. Casting practice-related...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... detected with high confidence? Historically, NDT searched for defects that were “manufactured into” a component. However, advances in the understanding of fatigue crack initiation and in the maturation of fracture mechanics evolved structural design philosophy from “safe-life” to “damage tolerant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract The purposes and methods of fatigue modeling and simulation in high-cycle fatigue (HCF) regime are to design either failsafe components or components with a finite life and to quantify remaining life of components with pre-existing cracks using fracture mechanics, with the intent of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... effective tool for failure analysis and fatigue-life prediction of a gas turbine disk when subjected to creep-fatigue loading ( Ref 38 ). In addition to FEM, a new computational technique to evaluate materials behavior on an atomistic level has been developed, known as molecular dynamics (MD). The MD...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... range of true axial plastic strain in a fatigue loading cycle, N f is the number of loading cycles to failure, and ε′ f and c are material property parameters. When the number of cycles exceeds the transition fatigue life N T , a smooth specimen will fail by high-cycle fatigue (HCF) according to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... widespread implementation, especially in the aerospace community where failure of a structural component is often catastrophic. Typically, structures are designed for the cyclic loading that they will see in service, and this constitutes the safe life fatigue design philosophy. This assumes that all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... factors that affect die life and safety precautions to be considered during die construction. cast dies die inserts fabrication hammers hardenability heat treatment horizontal forging machines hot forging hot-work tool steels impression dies mechanical fatigue plastic deformation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or more output parameters, where those output parameters may include a prediction of factors such as operating stress, strain, deflection, deformation, wear rate, fatigue strength, creep strength, or service life. In reality, virtually all material properties and design parameters exhibit some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and cause the screw thread to go out of tolerance. Failure is usually caused by fatigue from the stresses imposed in rolling. The best products and maximum die life can be obtained only when the dies are properly set up and the correct die speed and number of blank revolutions are used. The surface of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... life when resistance to corrosion, wear, and erosion is required. The common methods include electroplating, electroless plating, hardfacing, weld cladding, surface hardening, porcelain enameling, and organic coatings. cast iron conversion coatings corrosion resistance ductile iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., conditions, and specific circumstances that together can reduce the anticipated service life of a component or plant. The color images in this article are categorized according to the type of corrosion following the general order that is adopted in Volume 13A of ASM Handbook. The first table of the article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... analysis and prevention. Failure analysis and prevention processes to determine the root cause of failures that arise at different stages of the product life cycle are reviewed. The article describes the mechanisms of plastic product failure analysis. It discusses the trends in the use of medical polymers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The selection of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This article classifies various engineered...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... demonstrates how the service life of cutting tools is determined by a number of wear processes, including tool wear, machining parameters, and tool force and power requirements. It concludes by presenting a comprehensive collection of formulas for turning, milling, drilling, and broaching, and its average unit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005947
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... and evaluation of dimensional and shape changes with examples. The article describes the mechanisms at work during the generation of stresses and distortion during heat treatment. A hypothetical experiment with increasing application to real life is used to develop a systematization of unavoidable...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... building the molds. It examines the effect of mold design on mold life. The article outlines the primary purposes, procedure, and application of mold coatings. The variables that determine mold temperature and control measures associated with mold temperature are reviewed. The article explains the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... productivity of carbide, cermet, and ceramic cutting tool materials used in machining operations. The useful life of cutting tools may be limited by a variety of wear processes, such as crater wear, flank wear or abrasive wear, builtup edge, depth-of-cut notching, and thermal cracks. The article provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... stresses that exceed the flow stress. Development of cracks at persistent slip bands and at grain boundaries follows. In practice, except for a few relatively brittle materials, prediction of the fatigue life of a material is complicated because fatigue life is very sensitive to small changes in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... a service life of just 2 weeks. Heat treatment did not produce full hardness in gear teeth. Hardness at tooth face, 15 HRC; at tooth core, 82 HRB. Fig. 357 : Outside diameter of gear showing where teeth broke off. Fatigue pattern on fracture surfaces is typical of reversed bending even though the...