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fatigue behavior

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... kinetics that are based on the characteristics of the rate-controlling step. Thus, to accurately predict the dwell-time effects on the fatigue crack growth behavior in turbine disk materials at elevated temperatures, accurate descriptions of the kinetics of each damage mechanism are needed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... stress equals the maximum tensile stress, R =−1. When a material is cycled from 0 load up to a maximum tensile stress and back, R = 0. The mean stress, σ m : (Eq 16) σ m = ( σ max + σ min ) / 2 has a large influence on fatigue behavior. For a given fatigue life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...-sensitive MSC growth laws are often more relevant to component life estimates for fatigue ductile materials. Moreover, multiaxial fatigue parameters should distinguish the two classes of behavior ( Ref 8 , 9 ). For either class, the differences are not as significant in the LCF regime as in the transition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failure analysis as well. Many service failures of cyclic-loaded components still occur by fatigue, despite a well-defined characterization of the fatigue properties in the laboratory and a proper fatigue design. In part, the difficulty is that fatigue behavior is a complex subject influenced by many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... This article focuses on fractography of fatigue. However, it should be noted that fractography is only part of the failure analysis of a fractured component. As with other fracture mechanisms, proper identification of fatigue requires understanding of the fracture behavior of the particular material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... shown in Fig. 1 . Here, the three regions of crack-growth behavior can be observed. The first, region I, is characterized by slow growth with a decreasing slope of the crack-growth rate curve. The threshold stress-intensity factor range, Δ K th , bounds this region on the left and is operationally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) da dN = a Δ K b e ( − Q e RT ) or in the case of elastic-plastic or fully plastic behavior ( Ref 11 , 12 ): (Eq 12) da dN = C Δ J q e ( − Q p RT ) Equation 11 estimates the fatigue crack growth per cycle, da / dN , as a function...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... characteristics, the fractal properties of profiles have also been investigated ( Ref 8 9 ). (The use of fractals is discussed in the article “Particle Image Analysis” in Powder Metal Technologies and Applications, in Volume 7 of the ASM Handbook . The reported experimental results on the fractal behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... approximately 50 ± 5 μm determined for a 1080 steel fractured in fatigue ( Ref 20 ). Unfortunately, other quantitative profile roughness parameters were not investigated. In a second method, a narrow contamination line is deposited on the specimen across the area of interest, using the SEM linescan mode ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... article also reviews various factors related to creep behavior and associated failures of materials used in high-temperature applications. The complex effects of creep-fatigue interaction, microstructural changes during classical creep, and nondestructive creep damage assessment of metallic materials are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... crystallization, and polymorphous crystallization. The article demonstrates a free-energy versus composition diagram that summarizes many of the devitrification routes. It provides a historical review of the corrosion behavior of fully amorphous and partially devitrified metallic glasses. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (ductile, brittle, fatigue, and creep) are described briefly, principally in terms of fracture appearances. A description of the surface, structure, and behavior of each fracture process is also included. The article provides a framework from which a prospective analyst can begin to study the fracture of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Austenitic −2.5 28 18 Wrought AISI type 316 Austenitic −3 27 15 Note: See text and Ref 16 for information on CCTs. Corrosion fatigue is one of the most destructive and unpredictable corrosion-related failure mechanisms. The behavior is highly specific to the environment and alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., fatigue, and corrosion in medical device design. It reviews the biocompatibility of nitinol based on corrosion behavior. The article describes the general principles, potential pitfalls, and key properties for manufacturing, heat treatment, and processing of nitinol. biocompatibility corrosion...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... properties and specifications of test bar. It discusses the properties of gray iron, such as fatigue limit, pressure tightness, impact resistance, machinability, and dimensional stability, at both room and elevated temperature. Wear behavior of gray iron castings during sliding contact under conditions of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, filiform corrosion, and corrosion in water and soils. It discusses the effects of composition, microstructure, stress-intensity factor, and nonmetallic building materials on the corrosion behavior of aluminum and its alloys. The article also describes the corrosion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., precautions in use, and general corrosion behavior of each. The applications of titanium alloys include aerospace, gas turbine engines and prostheses. Further, the article graphically presents a comparative study of fatigue, creep and tensile properties of various titanium alloys. aerospace applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... describes the corrosion behavior of copper alloys in specific environments. It reviews the corrosion characteristics of copper and copper alloys in various acids, alkalis, salts, organic compounds, and gases. The article provides information on the behavior of copper alloys that is susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article reviews the corrosion behavior in various environments for seven important nickel alloy families: commercially pure nickel, Ni-Cu, Ni-Mo, Ni-Cr, Ni-Cr-Mo, Ni-Cr-Fe, and Ni-Fe-Cr. It examines the behavior of nickel alloys in corrosive media found in industrial settings. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... relieve their residual stress much faster than milled ones, for metallic components. It has frequently been stated that a compressive state of residual stress enhances the fatigue behavior of a finished component. Crack initiation and propagation in ground components of aerospace or automotive engines...