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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... This section discusses respiratory, contact (skin and eye), and ingestion exposures as routes of entry for hazardous constituents. The presence of any hazards in the coatings system to be removed should be determined prior to surface preparation for painting. Historical information may be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...-based atmospheres, industrial gas nitrogen-base atmospheres, argon atmospheres, and hydrogen atmospheres. Atmospheres for backfilling, partial pressure operation, and quenching in vacuum are also discussed. Furnace atmospheres constitute four major groups of safety hazards in heat treating: fire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113) Combinations of these materials The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified these materials as being either hazardous air pollutants or ozone layer depleting substances. Some relevant regulations are identified in Table 1 , along with a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... product should be kept from contacting the eyes. Some people also experience a sensitivity to oil when it contacts their skin for extended periods. Although oil-based compounds usually do not present fire or explosion hazards, they should not be exposed to intense heat. Water-based compounds are rarely...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys, grain size can be revealed adequately in the as-polished condition using polarized light. There are aspects of structure, termed macrostructure, which can be observed with the unaided eye. Macrostructural examination is often a prelude to microstructural examination but also includes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... sulfate) can be used to reduce pitting. The additive characteristics overlap each other and can change with current density, temperature, pH, and concentration. Iron metal does not pose any special waste disposal considerations unless associated radicals are hazardous ( Ref 3 ). In fact, most publicly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... When spalling occurs, particularly on overpass bridges, falling concrete poses a safety hazard to traffic passing beneath the bridge. Until the bridge can be adequately repaired, traffic protection is required. Figure 19 depicts typical traffic protection. Fig. 19 Greenfield Avenue Bridge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... weight solvents are usually more effective in removing soils. However, fire hazards and evaporation losses increase as boiling and flash points decrease. The potential exposure and flash of solvent emulsions has been mentioned several times in this article. This is not to say...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... injuries to the eyes and other portions of the body. Acids are destructive to clothing as well. Therefore operators should be protected with face shields and rubber boots and aprons. Eye fountains and showers adjacent to acid cleaning operations should be provided for use in case of accidents. Nonslip...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... effectively wet the surface of a solid workpiece or specimen; flow over the surface to form a continuous, reasonably uniform coating; and migrate into cavities that are open to the surface. The cavities of interest usually are very small, often invisible to the unaided eye. The ability of a given liquid to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nonconforming materials. Anyone involved with magnesium should be aware of the inherent dangers if it is mishandled. Magnesium can be a fire hazard; in addition, this metal must be kept absolutely dry to avoid oxidation. Oxidation yields heat and hydrogen, which can result in spontaneous combustion. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... decorative coating and color match. A plated nickel undercoat is applied when quality plating of chromium is required to produce color depth and resistance to corrosion, abrasion, and dezincification. Although scratch-brush finishing is useful for producing eye-appealing finishes and as a mechanical means...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... that become permanently incorporated into the project when completed. For painting projects, there are consumable materials whose cost needs to be included in the estimate. These include simple items such as brushes, roller covers, rags, blast nozzles, and blast helmet eye shields, as well as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... exceedingly small, often invisible to the unaided eye. The ability of a given liquid to flow over a surface and enter surface cavities depends principally on: Cleanliness of the surface Configuration of the cavity Cleanliness of the cavity Size of surface opening of the cavity Surface tension...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... consideration of any hazards associated with the particular materials being used to prepare for or produce the coating. Proper care and maintenance of the equipment, including all gas and electric lines, will greatly reduce any hazards. In addition, design and procedure reviews for safety by qualified engineers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... which the product or system successfully serves its function. These characteristics define products in the customer’s eyes. Arguably the most important characteristics, from a consumer’s perspective, are how well a product or system functions and how long it serves a useful life. Achieving the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... are less hazardous than those of boron trichloride. The fumes of boron trichloride are irritating and are ranked with hydrochloric acid fumes as a health hazard. If the heat treating furnace fire includes more than several hundred pounds of magnesium parts, is well advanced prior to discovery...