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extruded automotive bumpers

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract Alloy 6013 is a high-strength Al-Mg-Si-Cu alloy, developed for extruded automotive bumpers. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical, tensile, static and fracture properties, and fabrication characteristics of this 6xxx series alloy...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Si Outer and inner body panels, load floors, bumper face bars, bumpers, reinforcements, structural and weldable parts, seat shells 6022 0.08–1.5 Si Outer and inner body panels 6061 0.40–0.8 Si Body components (extruded), brackets (extruded and sheet), suspension parts (forgings...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... marine shipping containers, vans, trailers, motorcycles, bicycles, trucks, railroad cars, and recently (early 2000s) for automotive extruded bumpers. The alloy has good recovery of mechanical properties after welding, up to 90% of the original values of the base metal (depending on welding conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Compression molding is the single largest primary manufacturing process used for automotive composite applications. This article provides an overview of the compression molding process. It describes the basic design, materials, and processing equipment of three main groups of composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., and extrusions; drill pipe; automotive pistons; screw- machine stock, aluminum can bodies; closures; cookware; house siding; tubing 3 xxx Heat exchangers 4 xxx Brazing sheet, weld wire, forged pistons 5 xxx Aluminum can ends, automobile panels, tanker sheet, marine structures, railroad cars...
Book Chapter

By Niels Bay
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... microscopy (SEM) reveal the bonding mechanisms ( Ref 4 , Ref 5 , 6 ). The scratch brushing produces a hard, brittle surface layer that will crack when subjected to expansion ( Fig. 3 ). At larger surface expansion ( Fig. 4 ), virgin material is exposed, which extrudes through the cracks of the surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... O Q R S T Urethane Automotive body panels, bumpers A D E G I L M O Q R T Vinyl ester Composite car/truck springs, wheels B D E G I J K L M N O P Q R S T (a) Key to problem areas: Feeding A, Moisture may chemically react to degrade...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., trailer, and truck designs. Sheet alloys are used in truck cab bodies, and dead weight is also reduced using extruded stringers, frame rails, and cross members. Extruded or formed sheet bumpers and forged wheels are usual. Fuel tanks of aluminum offer weight reduction, corrosion resistance, and attractive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Market Application Injection-molded Extruded Automotive Signal light devices for traffic, aircraft, marine, and bus use; emergency flashers; nameplates and emblems; automotive instrument panels; automotive glazing … Medical Blood cuvettes; medical spikes; urine meters … Industrial...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... bumpers, another sells these alloys for automotive wheel covers, and several others sell glass-filled postconsumer PET for various applications. Polyols Recycled PET can also be converted to polyols for production of PUR, PIUR, and UPE. Currently, more than 50% of all rigid PIUR insulation board...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract Stretch forming is the forming of sheet, bars, and rolled or extruded sections over a die or form block of the required shape while the workpiece is held in tension. This article discusses the applicability, advantages, and machines and accessories of stretch forming. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., extruded shapes such as window frames and automotive bumpers, and forged truck wheels and aircraft parts. In the aluminum industry, many wrought products are termed “mill products,” as they are in the steel industry, even though they might be produced by methods other than rolling. Various secondary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006716
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... and tubes are used for ladders, longitudinal members for truck trailers, drive shafts, bumpers, fishing reels, baseball bats, automotive structure, and boat masts. Rolled-product applications include cell-phone cases, brief cases and luggage, armor plate, and mold plate for plastic bottles. Forged aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... surface energies, low adhesion, and low coefficients of friction. This makes PP automobile bumpers difficult to paint and is the why printing inks adhere poorly to untreated PE bags. Aromatic carbon-hydrogen bonds (for example, in a benzene ring) are stabilized by resonance and are more stable than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... than that of the solid material; this reduces its usefulness in high-impact situations when using rigid plastics. Foamed resilient materials, however, can be used to produce massive impact-absorbing elements in such applications as automotive bumpers. Although the added thickness of foamed parts...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... processed into lower density, foamed parts each year. In the automotive industry, applications include bumper guards, metal-ionomer (foamed) laminates for decorative fascia, and large dunnage brackets for engine and transmission shipment between assembly plants. In addition to these major areas...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) (o) (q) (r) (s) (t) Phenolic Distributor caps, plastic ash trays (a) (b) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) (o) (q) (r) (s) (t) Urethane Automotive body panels, bumpers (a) (d) (e) (g) (i) (l) (m) (o) (q) (r) (t...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... (e.g., 7005, 7029). These alloys offer somewhat better resistance to general corrosion and pitting (due to low copper) and are used in structural applications and automotive applications such as bumpers. The mechanisms of corrosion and environmental fracture of 7 xxx alloys, particularly the role...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... products, as the name implies, can only be produced by various metal casting methods. Steels, however, are available in cast, wrought (formed, forged, extruded, or otherwise shaped), or powder metallurgy (pressed and sintered or hot forged powders) form. All commercial forms of iron and steel contain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... are used. Bends can be made only in one plane in one operation. Draw-bending equipment is used to bend aluminum tube and pipe for furniture, heat exchangers, automotive and aircraft parts, and structural applications. Rolled and extruded shapes are formed for use in architecture, construction...