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eutectics

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article begins with a schematic illustration of a eutectic system in which the two components of the system have the same crystal structure. Eutectic systems form when alloying additions cause a lowering of the liquidus lines from both melting points of the pure elements. The...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Cast iron exhibits a considerable amount of eutectic in the solid state. This article discusses the structure of liquid iron-carbon alloys to understand the mechanism of the solidification of cast iron. It illustrates nucleation of the austenite-flake graphite eutectic, austenite...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article focuses on aspects important for the commercial production of castings. It discusses the modification process in hypoeutectic and eutectic alloys that differ only in the relative volume fraction of primary aluminum and aluminum-silicon eutectic. The article explains how...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article presents the binary eutectic phase diagram to understand the various structures that evolve in a binary eutectic system during solidification. It describes the various classifications and solidification principles of the eutectic structures. Formation of halos in eutectic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... kinetics of microsegregation are discussed for the binary isomorphous systems: titanium-molybdenum; binary eutectic systems: aluminum-copper and aluminum-silicon; binary peritectic systems: copper-zinc; multicomponent eutectic systems: Al-Si-Cu-Mg; and for systems with both eutectic and peritectic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article illustrates equilibrium phase diagram for the aluminum-silicon system showing metastable extensions of the liquidus and solidus lines. It describes the classification and microstructure of the aluminum-silicon eutectic. The article presents the theories of solidification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract Similar to the eutectic group of invariant transformations is a group of peritectic reactions, in which a liquid and solid phase decomposes into a solid phase on cooling through the peritectic isotherm. This article describes the equilibrium freezing and nonequilibrium freezing of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... of eutectic and binary phase diagrams from Gibbs free-energy curves. binary solution eutectic phase diagram Gibbs free energy Gibbs free-energy curves phase diagram single-component unary system thermodynamics IN RECENT YEARS, the application of phase diagram information obtained from...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... stoichiometry of intermetallic phases, and control of solidification conditions. The article discusses the modification and grain refinement of aluminum-silicon alloys by the use of modifiers and refiners to influence eutectic and hypereutectic structures in aluminum-silicon alloys. It provides information on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Fusible alloys, eutectic and noneutectic, include a group of binary, ternary, quaternary, and quinary alloys containing bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, and indium that melt at relatively low temperatures. This article describes the composition and mechanical properties of these alloys and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Cast iron, which usually refers to an in situ composite of stable eutectic graphite in a steel matrix, includes the major classifications of gray iron, ductile iron, compacted graphite iron, malleable iron, and white iron. This article discusses melting, pouring, desulfurization...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cellular, dendritic, or eutectic. The right inset shows cases where solid is forming ahead of, or instead of, a smooth front. The microscopic response to the heat extraction rate can vary considerably depending on alloy system, composition, and the heterogeneities present in the melt. Due to rapid release...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... conditions that sometimes occur. Phosphorus added for refinement and the elements added to modify eutectic silicon react together such that primary silicon refinement and eutectic silicon modification in hypereutectic alloys cannot be accomplished simultaneously, except to the extent that both are affected...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Most wrought alloys have temperature versus solid fraction curves similar in shape to that of the Fe-0.8wt%C alloy, except for a small amount of eutectic phase formation at the late stage of solidification. Fig. 2 Temperature versus fraction solid curves of three iron-carbon alloys: Fe-0.8wt%C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...-phase reaction of the eutectic class is the monotectic, in which one liquid phase decomposes with decreasing temperature into a solid phase and a new liquid phase: L 1 → α + L 2 ( monotectic   reaction ) Over a certain composition range, the two liquids ( L 1 and L 2...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... examined here are dendrite growth direction, dendrite tip characteristics such as tip composition and tip temperature, and microsegregation that is controlled by the secondary arm spacing. Eutectic alloys are important for casting because of their good fluidity caused by the small freezing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... T7 Solutionized, quenched, and artificially overaged W Unstable temper for alloys that age spontaneously at room temperature after solution heat treatment Solution heat treatment, or solutionizing, involves raising the temperature of the casting to just below the eutectic temperature. The...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... phase, Ω L and Ω S , lens-shaped isomorphous ( Fig. 2 ), eutectic ( Fig. 2 ), or pertitectic ( Fig. 2 ) phase diagrams can be obtained. A positive value of Ω φ results in the formation of a miscibility gap (a region of phase separation) at lower temperature. However, since the contribution of G...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; three-phase lines become volumes; and four-phase points, while not shown in Fig. 9 , can exist as an invariant plane. The composition of a binary eutectic liquid, which is a point in a two-component system, becomes a line in a ternary diagram, as shown in Fig. 9 . Fig. 9 Ternary phase diagram...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... melting temperature. Alloys with a eutectic composition have liquidus and solidus temperatures, but they are coincident, and the temperature value is referred to as the “eutectic temperature.” The temperature spread between the solidus and liquidus temperatures define the pasty range of the alloy. Solders...