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erosion-oxidation

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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 22 Erosion-oxidation map showing how boundaries change if the oxidation rate is increased by 10 2 . Source: Ref 173 More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 21 Erosion-oxidation map evaluated by Stack’s simulation program. Source: Ref 173 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... selection for a particular wear mode. The corrosion modes include dry sliding, tribocorrosion, erosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, dry erosion, erosion-oxidation, galling and fretting. microstructure abrasion adhesive wear austenitic stainless steel corrosion resistance dry sliding duplex...
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 5 Erosion on nonprotective oxide layer. Ti-6Al-4V sample eroded at 700 °C (1300 °F) in air using 270 μm SiO 2 abrasive at 20 m/s (45 mph) More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 6 Erosion on a protective oxide layer. Type 310 stainless steel (UNS S31000) sample eroded at 700 °C (1300 °F) in air using 270 μm SiO 2 abrasive at 20 m/s (45 mph) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of iron oxide scale formed on steel heater tubes generates large pieces of scale that are fragmented into approximately 100 μm particles, causing erosion of turbine blades, shrouds, valves, rivets, and other components ( Ref 5 , 6 ). SPE solutions include minimizing scale formation by using austenitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by the coal fines and oxidized as a result of the high temperatures. Products of combustion, waste silica, and exhaust gas can erode heat-exchange tubes in a boiler. Burning biomass ( Ref 1 , 2 ) accelerates erosion-corrosion in power plants. Sliding wear can be a challenge on control valves ( Ref 3...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Corrosion may increase or decrease the apparent erosion rate, depending on the rate of oxide or other corrosion product formation and the resistance of the product to erosion as compared to the normal surface material ( Ref 69 , 81 ). If the corrosion product is slow growing and more erosion resistant than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in support of the gas turbine and coal gasification industries. The testing provided a substantial amount of results on temperature effects. Corrosion can increase or decrease the apparent erosion rate, depending on the rate of oxide or other corrosion product formation and the resistance of the product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... hot hardness and be resistant to oxidation and degradation. This is especially important when coatings are used above 540 °C (1000 °F). Examples of materials and processes used to resist solid particle erosion are listed in Table 3 . Examples of solid particle erosion wear-resistant thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... < 0.3; tribo-oxidative wear in dry conditions Abrasive wear by hard particles Fracture/deformation produced by hard, sharp particles or protuberances Solid-particle erosion Fracture/deformation from particle indents Cavitation erosion Fracture produced by impinging liquid jets Slurry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in gas-solid particle flows where chemical reactions on the solid surface can occur concurrently with mechanical damage. Examples are erosion oxidation at elevated temperatures in gas-turbine engines and fluidized-bed combustors. Fig. 2 Examples of erosion-corrosion. (a) Attack on the internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the coating and less spraying-produced oxides, so that there is more chromium available for formation of protective oxide scales as compared to plasma-sprayed coatings ( Ref 24 ). Erosion-Corrosion in Boilers Chlorine in fuels and particle erosion by bed particles give rise to rapid material wastage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... that lists the nominal compositions and typical applications of cobalt-base alloys. It discusses the properties and relative performance of specific alloys when subjected to the more common types of wear. These include abrasive wear, high-temperature sliding wear, rolling-contact fatigue wear, and erosive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and subsequent rusting Erosion attack can be quite localized, as shown by the polished zones on the tube supports from a steam boiler ( Fig. 3 ). Localized fly ash-laden gas flow between the tube rows (supported on the lugs) eroded through the oxide scale and polished the metal surface beneath. Fig...