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environmentally induced fracture

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the visual and microscopic characteristics of fractures of cast alloys. These fractures include ductile rupture, transgranular brittle fracture, intergranular fracture, fatigue, and environmentally induced fracture. The article also describes the factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-<italic>X</italic> Alloys The environmentally induced fracture of glassy alloys, namely hydrogen embrittlement and stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), is discussed in this section. Details on the mechanisms of these phenomena can be found in the articles “Stress-Corrosion Cracking” and “Hydrogen Damage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the root cause of an overload failure. It also presents examples of thermally and environmentally induced embrittlement effects that can alter the overload fracture behavior of metals. atomic structure brittle cracking crack propagation crystalline structure ductile cracking ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or the fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either the liquid or solid form. This article summarizes some of the characteristics of liquid-metal- and solid-metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... fracture mechanics metals environmentally assisted crack growth polymers nanoscale environmental effects indentation-induced cohesive cracking scanning probe microscopy Precracked Specimen Testing qxidizing Gas acidified chloride ceramics liquid metals environmentally assisted cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Many of the environmentally induced fractures that were previously termed liquid-metal embrittlement are now considered solid metal induced embrittlement. Because satisfactory mechanistic models have not been developed for any of these forms of environmental cracking, the prediction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Fatigue by Other Fracture Mechanics Methods Several researchers ( Ref 105 , 106 , and 107 ) have noted that indirect techniques, such as dynamic fatigue, can result in large errors in the estimated fatigue parameters of polycrystalline ceramics exhibiting environmentally induced crack growth when...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on specimen configuration and size. Fracture mechanics also is applied to fatigue crack growth rate assessment under various conditions including environmental and stress-corrosion problems, dynamic fracturing, and determining the effects of elevated and cryogenic testing temperatures. Developments over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on the fiber ends: a tensile region, indicated by fiber radials, a compressive region, indicated by a flat, often angled, fracture surface, and a neutral axis or line separating the two regions. Acknowledgment environmentally induced fracture fractography interlaminar fracture mechanical load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... material to bear load. In general, there are usually a number of environments for any given material which will lead to environmentally induced fracture. A particular environment does not attack all materials. Environmentally induced failures always occur as over a period of time as the deleterious...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of an aggressive environment reduces the ability of a given material to bear a load. In general, there usually are a number of environments for any given material that will lead to environmentally induced fracture. Environmentally induced failures always occur over a period of time resulting from a degradation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... and thin films. The article provides an insight into the mechanisms of environmentally induced interfacial degradation by discussing the fundamental aspects of adhesion between two dissimilar materials. It examines the use of adhesion tests in the evaluation of stress-corrosion cracking within bimaterial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... fracture STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) describes service failures in engineering materials that occur by slow environmentally induced crack propagation. The observed crack propagation is the result of the combined and synergistic interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and/or films in grain boundaries Fracture where no film is visible and, due to impurity, atom segregation at the grain boundary Environmentally induced embrittlement where there is neither a grain-boundary precipitate or solute segregation Grain-boundary segregation of elements (such as oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to environmentally-induced fracture. An accelerated test was constructed to both replicate the failures of susceptible scissors and verify the effectiveness of any design or material changes. In the test, scissors were subjected to significantly more 37 °C (98.6 °F) saline solution and autoclave sterilization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Induced Intergranular Fracture Liquid Metal Induced Embrittlement Grain boundaries or the preferred path of crack growth can become embrittled by a variety of environmental conditions, such as hydrogen embrittlement, stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), and corrosion. If the process occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... , Nakamura H. , and Nakazawa H. , Oxide Induced Fatigue Crack Closure and Near-Threshold Characteristics in A508-3 Steel , Advances in Fracture Research (Fracture 84) , Vol 4 , Pergamon Press Ltd. , 1984 , p 2481 – 2488 15. Kobayashi H. , Ogawa T. , Nakamura H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... NP-5064-S, EPRI, 1987 7. Proc. First International Conf. on Environment Induced Cracking of Metals , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1988 8. Ford F.P. , Status of Research on Environmentally Assisted Cracking in LWR Pressure Vessel Steels , Trans. ASME, J...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...  Austenitic Hg, Li, Zn, Cu Titanium Hg, Cd, Ag, Au Abstract Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either liquid or solid form. This article summarizes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... intergranular inclusions. The corrosion debris may be seen projecting from the fracture surfaces. Transmission electron microscopy; original magnification: 6600× Fig. 7 Hydrogen-induced blistering in a 9.5 mm (⅜ in.) thick carbon steel plate (ASTM A285, grade C) that had been in service one year...