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environmentally induced fatigue

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... NUMEROUS APPLICATIONS in the modern engineering world that involve the use of metals under conditions of cyclic loading in operating conditions that can cause creep and/or environmental interactions with time-independent, mechanical fatigue processes. The interrelationships between the various damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... possible, HCF fatigue phenomena are of primary concern for metallic surgical implants. When the stress amplitude is low so that the number of cycles to failure is relatively high, the conditions are such that there is sufficient elapsed time so the influence of environmental effects on failure becomes more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... , versus the stress-ratio relationship, R , for a fatigue crack A popular approach to predict the crack opening load is to use a strip yield model to assess the plasticity-induced crack closure, and it can also predict the closure under variable loading cycles. The strip yield closure model is a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... mapping these thresholds as a function of microstructure is one of the major tasks of a hierarchical fatigue modeling strategy based on computational micromechanics. Miller ( Ref 23 ) further indicated the importance of considering environmental effects in overcoming or eradicating MSC thresholds...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the visual and microscopic characteristics of fractures of cast alloys. The fractures include ductile rupture, transgranular brittle fracture, intergranular fracture, fatigue, and environmentally induced fracture. The article describes the factors that affect the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article begins with a discussion on the environmental factors that induce corrosion in magnesium alloys. It reviews the factors that determine the severity of different forms of localized corrosion, namely, galvanic corrosion, corrosion fatigue, and stress-corrosion. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... sulfates of sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium are sometimes found in soil or dissolved in groundwater. These reactions can induce sufficient pressure to disrupt the cement paste, resulting in loss of cohesion and strength. Environmental conditions have a great influence on sulfate attack. Seawater...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cracks; the cross section is reduced to where it can no longer support the maximum applied load, and fast fracture ensues. Frequently, the progress of a service-induced fatigue crack is indicated by the presence of a series of macroscopic crescents, called beach marks, progressing from the origin of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the general corrosion behavior and localized corrosion behavior of transition metal-metal binary alloys, transition metal-metalloid alloys, and amorphous simple metal-transition metal-rare earth metal alloys. It concludes with a discussion on the environmentally induced fracture of glassy alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... nickel alloys to corrosive media found in industrial settings is examined. Environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) or environmentally induced cracking are general terms that include phenomena such as stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, sulfide stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Engineering plastics offer unique product benefits based on physical properties, or combinations of physical properties, that allow vastly improved product performance. Providing an overview of the general characteristics and the mechanical and environmental stress response of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... environmental protection applications. This article discusses the material characteristics, phases, structures, and systems of superalloys. It describes the processing of superalloys, including primary and secondary melting, deformation processing (conversion), powder processing, investment casting, and joining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Thermal fatigue testing and the test for evaluating oxidation resistance of the bond coat is also discussed. coefficient of thermal expansion environmental stability oxidation resistance specific heat thermal barrier coating thermal design properties thermal fatigue testing thermal transport...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... evaluated the environmental effects of oil, fuel, paint stripper, and absorbed moisture; the service conditions of tension and compression loads, prior fatigue history, and service temperature; processing variables such as vacuum bag curing versus autoclave curing, shop machining versus portable-equipment...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... carbon fibers has dropped and their mechanical properties have increased. This article begins with an overview of the carbon conversion processes, fiber properties and microstructures, and interfacial bonding and environmental interaction of carbon fibers, followed by a detailed discussion on the various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... information on the quality control of nickel plating. It concludes with a review of the environmental, health, and safety considerations associated with nickel plating. deposit properties electroforming health and safety considerations multilayer coating nickel plating process considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... mechanical stress. As a result, work hardening rates are high, stresses can be accommodated without the onset of cracking, and fatigue crack propagation is restricted. Of course, the presence of carbides has a strong influence, particularly on the nucleation and propagation of mechanically induced cracks, so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... evaluation, hazard controls, Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards, and industry consensus standards. It concludes with a description of containment systems to prevent environmental exposures from industrial paint removal projects. air sampling coating environmental hazards health...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract The presence of macroscopic residual stresses in heat treatable aluminum alloys can give rise to machining distortion, dimensional instability, and increased susceptibility to in-service fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking. This article details the residual-stress magnitudes and...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Wear is mechanically-induced surface damage that results in the progressive removal of material. Because different types of wear occur in machinery, many different types of wear tests have been developed to evaluate its effects on materials and surface treatments. This article provides...