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environmentally induced fatigue

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of stress rate on a logarithmic scale for ceramics and glasses exhibiting environmentally induced slow crack growth Fig. 6 Round-robin results comparing fatigue parameters of various ceramics determined by using dynamic loading. SSN, sintered silicon nitride; RBSN, reaction-bonded silicon nitride...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... on the environmentally assisted crack growth of polymers is also included. The article details the evaluation of nanoscale environmental effects and indentation-induced cohesive cracking. It also provides information on scanning probe microscopy. hydrogen embrittlement stress-corrosion cracking corrosion fatigue...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the visual and microscopic characteristics of fractures of cast alloys. These fractures include ductile rupture, transgranular brittle fracture, intergranular fracture, fatigue, and environmentally induced fracture. The article also describes the factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... alloys determined by electrochemical and gravimetric techniques. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 1 Pourbaix diagram for magnesium as developed by Perrault. Source: Ref 3 Abstract Abstract This article begins with a discussion on the environmental factors that induce corrosion in magnesium...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... metallurgical or environmental factors that cause a weakening of the grain boundaries and, in turn, influence the occurrence of intergranular (IG) fractures. It discusses the mechanisms of IG fractures, including the dimpled IG fracture, the IG brittle fracture, and the IG fatigue fracture. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... resolution of ductile intergranular fatigue striations Fig. 9 Corrosion products on the grain facets from stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) of a U-700 turbine blade, presumably from combustion-gas attack that induced SCC, with intergranular and transgranular modes shown Abstract Abstract...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... interrelationships associated with environmentally assisted cracking, which can encompass crack growth rates of more than 10 mm/s to less than 10 −10 mm/s. (a) Venn diagram of mechanisms. (b) Venn diagram of variables listed in Table 1 Fig. 1 Room-temperature corrosion fatigue crack growth rates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... , Nakamura H. , and Nakazawa H. , Oxide Induced Fatigue Crack Closure and Near-Threshold Characteristics in A508-3 Steel , Advances in Fracture Research (Fracture 84) , Vol 4 , Pergamon Press Ltd. , 1984 , p 2481 – 2488 15. Kobayashi H. , Ogawa T. , Nakamura H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... must be made as to a way to apply environmental effects during the fatigue test, or account for them in the test results. The cost of either conditioning or applying a real environment to a full-scale test article generally is prohibitive. Enhanced or factored spectrum loads are the easiest means...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... mechanism, and it will be described later in this article. In addition to the various mechanisms of corrosion fatigue, there also are many mechanical, metallurgical, and environmental variables that affect fatigue crack growth rates. These variables are discussed in more detail following a brief review...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...; stress ratio: R = 0.35. Source: Ref 68 Fig. 19 Corrosion fatigue in 2.25Cr-lMo pressure vessel steel in dry hydrogen at 23 °C (73 °F) due to hydrogen embrittlement at high Δ K and to reduced oxide-induced closure at low Δ K . Stress ratio: R = 0.05. RH, relative humidity. Source: Ref 66...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... THERE ARE NUMEROUS APPLICATIONS in the modern engineering world that involve the use of metals under conditions of cyclic loading in operating conditions that can cause creep and/or environmental interactions with time-independent, mechanical fatigue processes. The interrelationships between the various damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... influenced corrosion, and microbiologically influenced corrosion, which fit under the classification of corrosion that is not influenced by any outside process. It also explains mechanically assisted degradation and environmentally induced cracking, which fit under the classification of corrosion...
Book Chapter

By John E. Moalli
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , Handbook of Composites , Van Nostrand Reinhold , 1982 10.1007/978-1-4615-7139-1 4. Watt W. and Perov B.V. , Strong Fibers , Elsevier Science , 1985 5. Hertzberg R.W. and Manson J.A. , Fatigue of Engineering Plastics , Academic Press , 1980 6. Federal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... R.H. , Ed., TMS , Warrendale, PA , 2001 , p 123 • Jones R.H. , Li H. , and Hirth J.P. , “Effects of Mixed Mode I/III Loading on Environmental- Induced Cracking,” Corrosion , Vol 57 ( No. 1 ), 2001 , p 52 • Magnin T. , Tanguy D. , and Delafosse D...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and appear brittle and generally smooth on a macroscopic scale. They are characterized by incremental propagation of cracks; the cross section is reduced to where it can no longer support the maximum applied load, and fast fracture ensues. Frequently, the progress of a service-induced fatigue crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to: However, the effect of interaction between corrosion and fatigue ( Ref 15 ), one of the main concerns in aging aluminum structures, suggests that some form of hydrogen-related failure is the corrosion mechanism causing environmentally induced cracking in the 2000 and 7000 series aircraft aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Boilers , 2nd ed. , Wiley-Interscience , 1993 , p 342 – 371 15. Gangloff R.P. and Ives M.B. , Ed., Environmental-Induced Cracking of Metals: Proc. First International Conference on Enviromentally-Induced Cracking of Metals , NACE International , 1990 16. Devereux O...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; the cross section is reduced to where it can no longer support the maximum applied load, and fast fracture ensues. Frequently, the progress of a service-induced fatigue crack is indicated by the presence of a series of macroscopic crescents, called beach marks, progressing from the origin of the crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.9781627081849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9