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environmentally assisted cracking

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Potential ranges of environmentally assisted cracking by (I) hydrogen embrittlement, (II) cracking of unstable passive film, and (III) cracking initiated at pits near the pitting potential. Vertical dashed lines define potential range over which nonpassivating films may crack under More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 41 Modified compact tension specimen for environmentally assisted cracking measurement. More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 3 Potential ranges of environmentally assisted cracking by (I) hydrogen embrittlement, (II) cracking of unstable passive film, and (III) cracking initiated at pits near the pitting potential. Vertical dashed lines define potential range over which nonpassivating films may crack under More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... on the environmentally assisted crack growth of polymers is also included. The article details the evaluation of nanoscale environmental effects and indentation-induced cohesive cracking. It also provides information on scanning probe microscopy. hydrogen embrittlement stress-corrosion cracking corrosion fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and role of environmentally assisted crack growth in corrosion fatigue. It also discusses the fatigue test methods, including crack initiation testing and crack propagation testing. The article describes the specific types and influence rankings of experimental variables in corrosion fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article focuses on the environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) of structural materials in boiling water reactors (BWRs), reactor pressure vessels, core internals, and ancillary piping. It discusses the effects of water chemistry on materials degradation, mitigation approaches...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of hydride corrosion of uranium are discussed. The article provides information on environmentally assisted cracking, protective coatings, and surface modification of uranium and its alloys. It also summarizes the environmental, safety, and health considerations for their use. atmospheric corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The article explains the specific forms of corrosion, including general corrosion, localized attack, and environmentally assisted cracking. It provides a discussion on the engineering aspects of design that can, without due care and attention, precipitate unexpected premature failure. The article reviews ways...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures, covering the general classification of wear. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... suffer environmentally assisted cracking are highly specific and therefore avoidable by proper design of the industrial components. corrosion corrosive environments environmentally assisted cracking high-temperature corrosion industrial applications nickel alloys NICKEL ALLOYS are very...
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 6 The relationship between (a) the bare-surface current density and (b) the maximum environmentally assisted crack growth rate for various material/environment systems. This demonstrates the Faradaic agreement in the film rupture/slip oxidation between dissolution kinetics More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 4 Materials, stress, and environmental parameters relevant to environmentally assisted cracking in BWRs. NDT, non destructive testing. Source: Ref 38 More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 4 Schematic of crack tip processes that may be the rate-determining step in environmentally assisted crack propagation More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 32 Proactive management scheme for addressing environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) problems and assessing the cost-effective mitigation action More
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Published: 01 January 1996
environmentally assisted crack growth under monotonic loading conditions. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 24 Schematic reaction-rate surface illustrating the variation in crack-propagation rate with the rate-controlling parameters in the slip-dissolution, film-induced cleavage and hydrogen-embrittlement mechanisms for environmentally assisted cracking in ductile alloy/aqueous environment More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 4 General interrelationships associated with environmentally assisted cracking, which can encompass crack growth rates of more than 10 mm/s to less than 10 −10 mm/s. (a) Venn diagram of mechanisms. (b) Venn diagram of variables listed in Table 1 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of the environmentally induced fractures that were previously termed liquid-metal embrittlement are now considered solid metal induced embrittlement. Because satisfactory mechanistic models have not been developed for any of these forms of environmental cracking, the prediction of environmentally assisted cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... adsorb to the clean metal surfaces and have the potential to reduce surface energy to a greater extent than hydrogen. Yet, neither oxygen nor nitrogen accelerates crack growth rates like hydrogen does. Hydride Mechanism Many metals that are susceptible to environmentally assisted cracking are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...), that their use now appears feasible. When a copper container is buried in a mostly reducing environment, the metal will initially be in contact with oxygen, until the oxygen is fully consumed, for example by corrosion ( Ref 31 , Ref 32 , Ref 33 ). It is known that copper may suffer environmentally assisted...