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environmental hazards

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and asbestos. The article also discusses hazard evaluation, hazard controls, Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards, and industry consensus standards. It concludes with a description of containment systems to prevent environmental exposures from industrial paint removal projects. References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract Any threat to personal safety should be regarded as a hazard and treated as such. This article discusses threats from several sources, such as kinematic/mechanical hazards, electrical hazards, energy hazards, human factors/ergonomic hazards, and environmental hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Fig. 2 Schematic of an advanced vapor degreasing system Fig. 1 Schematic of a vapor degreasing system converted for aqueous cleaning Abstract Abstract The chemicals that have been used in traditional vapor degreasing have serious health and environmental hazards that have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract During metal powder production, powder and/or dust handling, compaction, and part finishing operations, many safety and environmental risks exist. This article is a detailed account of the types of safety hazards that can exist and the issues that occur during metal powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... associated with the protective coatings technology. These solutions include the use of environmental regulations and hazardous materials, nonchromated pretreatments, waterborne technology, high-solids technology, and touch-up paints. The article also deals with the use of electrodeposition coatings, powder...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for such processes may pose serious health and environmental hazards. For information about specific regulatory requirements, permitting conditions, and enforcement issues, the reader is advised to seek assistance from federal, state, and local regulatory agencies; consulting engineering firms; and law offices...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applicable for solvent cleaning procedures, cadmium and chromium electroplating, chromate conversion coatings, and organic coatings containing high amounts of volatile organic compounds (solvents). The chemicals used for such processes may pose serious health and environmental hazards. For information about...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... be collected and must be disposed of; the small particles may become entrained in the off-gases and may become an environmental hazard with adverse effects on the pulmonary system. The chemical impurities can result in the release of atmospheric impurities such as sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, which have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Selected References • “Coal Tar-Based Asphalt Sealcoats—A Health and Environmental Hazard,” Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center, University of Wisconsin, Nov 8 , 2012 , http://www4.uwm.edu/shwec/publications/cabinet/p2/Sealants%20health%20and%20envir3.pdf • Coal-Tar Pitch , IARC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., for example) and second that both the risks and benefits are shared equally by all affected. Both these requirements can easily be satisfied when dealing with acquisition of a piece of hardware to perform a specific narrowly defined function (e.g., military hardware), but in instances of environmental hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and subsequent resale. Particulate, continuous reinforcements and preforms removed from the aluminum are not generally reused and are typically sent to a landfill. Commonly used reinforcements do not present an environmental hazard. Often these reinforcements are mixed with other rich dross and sent to secondary...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and surface finish tolerances that can be achieved using various machining processes under general machining conditions. It is particularly desirable to avoid the use of final grinding and honing operations, as these operations are relatively slow and capital intensive and may produce environmentally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... a solid waste is hazardous Fig. 2 Typical relationships between the legislative and regulatory processes Abstract Abstract This article describes selected U.S. environmental statutes and regulations that are pertinent to material surface finishers. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... laws that affect cadmium use, emission, and waste disposal Table 2 Federal environmental laws that affect cadmium use, emission, and waste disposal Federal law Acronym Potential impact Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA Hazardous waste disposal regulations create overhead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ). Summary of existing federal regulations affecting the coatings industry Table 2 Summary of existing federal regulations affecting the coatings industry Category Summary Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Hazardous waste management The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 75-01-4 0.2 (a) HW, hazardous waste. (b) CAS, Chemical Abstracts Service. (c) If o-, m-, and p-cresol concentrations cannot be differentiated, the total cresol (D0026) concentration is used. The regulatory level of total cresol is 200 mg/L. (d) The quantitation limit is greater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... cleanup and compensation for environmental harm. Disclosure: Companies will disclose to employee and community incidents that cause environmental harm or pose health or safety hazards. Environmental directors: At least one member of a company's board will be qualified to represent environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...., 2014 11. Nayar H.S. , Consultants Corner , Int. J. Powder Metall. , March 2005 Safety Concerns Environmental Concerns Explosion/Fire Risks Toxicity Hazards Asphyxiation Hazards Other Hazards Sintering Atmosphere System Safety Vaporization Sweeping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... No health hazards Easy scale removal by filtration No environmental hazards associated with water One disadvantage of plain water as a quenchant is that its rapid cooling rate persists throughout the lower temperature range, in which distortion or cracking is likely to occur. Consequently, water...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of a proactive approach is the development of a product stewardship program. Such a program informs users of possible hazards and tells them how products should be used to avoid undue health, safety, and environmental risks. The program should cover the entire life cycle of a product. For instance, under...