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environmental burdens

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... step in the LCA process is to identify potential improvement pathways. design for recycling environmental burdens life-cycle analysis product design scrap AS LANDFILLS CLOSE and costs of waste disposal increase, manufacturers of industrial and consumer products face a new challenge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The process starts with a definition of the goal and scope of the project; because LCAs usually require extensive resources and time, this first step limits the study to a manageable and practical scope. In the following steps of the study, the environmental burdens (including both consumed energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of the consequences on the environment of these changes Improvement analysis: The evaluation and implementation of opportunities to reduce environmental burdens Inventory Airborne emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), carbon monoxide (CO), particulates, nitrogen oxides (NO x ), sulfur dioxide (SO 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... able to use PMCs to their advantage while also being recyclable. Life Cycle Assessment Polymer-matrix composites have been compared with other materials to estimate the environmental burdens in automobile applications over the entire product life cycle. It was found that carbon- or glass- fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes selected U.S. environmental statutes and regulations that are pertinent to material surface finishers. It provides information on the applicability, requirements, and permitting conditions of the Clean Air Act, the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... two major ways: first, by environmental transport, that is, by human or anthropogenic contributions to air, water, soil, and food, and second, by altering the speciation or biochemical form of the element ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Metals are redistributed naturally in the environment by both geologic...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and environmental constraints. mechanical properties composites repeatability cost size damage tolerance durability environmental constraints design criteria DESIGN CRITERIA are the decisive quantified goals that a product must attain. A product needs to achieve a certain level of safety, cost...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... However, during the melting process, the cupola emits considerable amounts of smoke and particulate matter. Known as emissions, this waste gas stream is now cleaned to meet the highest environmental standards, but this has required much engineering effort and considerable expense. With environmental laws...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract The chemicals that have been used in traditional vapor degreasing have serious health and environmental hazards that have prompted the search for modified and alternative techniques. This article provides a detailed discussion on the regulatory mandates that affect the use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Aging is a process where the structural and/or functional integrity of components will be continuously degraded by exposure to the environmental conditions under which they are operated. This article discusses aging mechanisms in various components of military systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... end use. How well the product performs will depend on the capabilities of the design, the effectiveness of the manufacturing, and the impact of environmental and use conditions. Importantly, the design envelope is not limitless; no design can withstand all challenges. Likewise, design evolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The article explains the specific forms of corrosion, including general corrosion, localized attack, and environmentally assisted cracking. It provides a discussion on the engineering aspects of design that can, without due care and attention, precipitate unexpected premature failure. The article reviews ways...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract The major benefit of the implementation of the corrosion-control technologies at Army installations is the extension of the service life of buildings and other structures. This article reviews the exposure of military facilities and equipment to a wide variety of environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is estimated at over $1.9 trillion for 2004 or roughly 3.8% of the world gross domestic product (GDP). This is a heavy tax burden on any country's economy, whether small or large. Currently, the U.S. DoD is facing the cause and effects of corrosion in its budgetary plans where maintenance and repairs of weapon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Certification Program, specifically QP 1 (“Field Application to Complex Industrial and Marine Structures”), established specific requirements for the certification of coating contractors, which included: Management procedures Quality-control requirements Safety, health, and environmental compliance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to metal silicates. Additional Considerations Lead continues to be of concern even though potable water intake is not a major contributor of body burden lead. Progress has been made to replace lead pipes and goosenecks, as well as banning lead solder. However, there still remain a significant number...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... an onerous maintenance or inspection burden upon the operator. The level of damage associated with the durability requirement is associated with typical impact events or manufacturing-induced flaws. Durability is primarily an economic issue and applies to all structures. Damage Tolerance Damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... ). Besides new hardware and material changes, advanced lubricant technologies, such as friction modifiers, antiwear additive chemistries, and low-viscosity lubricants, as well as the introduction of new viscosity index (VI) improvers are possible tribological solutions to meeting more stringent environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0007019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
...” (forged) nuclear alloys, failure mechanisms such as fatigue, hydrogen diffusion, and environmental degradation (e.g., due to corrosion, irradiation) will be specific to the alloy, the component, and its deposition parameters, leading to local variations. A nonexhaustive list of material property data...