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enamel coatings

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... glazes. The article provides information on the classification of pigments and the applications of ceramic coatings for decorations on ceramic and glass surfaces. ceramic coatings ceramic decorations ceramic substrates enamel coatings glass substrates glazes lead-containing glazes leadless...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 53 Microstructure of a low-carbon sheet with a two-part enamel coating. (a) Without backlighting. (b) With backlighting through the epoxy mount to differentiate the coating from the mount. The bubbles are desired for trapping hydrogen gas. More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 54 Microstructure of an enamel coating, same as Fig. 53 shown with dark-field illumination to illustrate the ground coat More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 55 Defect in an enamel coating on a low-carbon steel. (a) Defect shown through coating as a line in this macrograph (scale in mm). (b) Cause of line defect shown in (a). As-polished. 200×. Courtesy of Samuel Lawrence, International Steel Group More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 56 Microstructure of a defect in an enamel coating on a low-carbon sheet. (a) Bright-field illumination. (b) Dark-field illumination. 2% nital etch. 100× More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Porcelain enamels are glass coatings applied primarily to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast iron, or aluminum to improve appearance and to protect the metal surface. This article provides information on the types and properties of the porcelain enamels and frits for porcelain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... induced corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. The cast irons suitable for the common corrosive environments are also discussed. The article reviews the coatings used on cast irons to enhance corrosion resistance, such as metallic, organic, conversion, and enamel coatings. It explains the basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... to enhance corrosion resistance: metallic, organic, conversion, and enamel coatings. alloying cast iron chromium conversion coating copper corrosion resistance crevice corrosion enamel coatings erosion-corrosion fretting corrosion graphitic corrosion intergranular corrosion metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Porcelain enamels are glass coatings applied primarily to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast iron, and aluminum to improve appearance and to protect the metal surface. This article describes the types of porcelain enamels, and details enamel frits for these materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract Porcelain enamel is a fusion bonded glass coating that resists chemical and abrasive attack, provides thermal and electrical insulation, and improves aesthetic qualities. It is used on cast iron as well as steel and aluminum alloys. This article provides a review of the porcelain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... sheet steel with a porcelain enamel layer to protect the steel from corrosion and to enhance surface appeal. These enameled steels are used in kitchen appliances (stovetops, ovens, sinks, etc.) and in lavatory fixtures (bathtubs and sinks). The food industry uses organic coatings or a metallic tin...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 4 Radius of curvature, two-coat enameling process. A minimum radius of 4.8 mm ( 3 16 in.) must be maintained at flanges, corners, and embossments to minimize assembly and field damage to parts coated by the two-coat enameling process. More
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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 5 Radius of curvature, one-coat enameling process. A minimum radius of 3.2 mm ( 1 8 in.) must be maintained at flanges, corners, and embossments to minimize assembly and field damage to parts coated by the one-coat enameling process. More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 9 Ground-coat enameling, acid-etch/nickel-deposition process (dip or spray application) No. Solution Composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F Dip Spray 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) Cleaner, 15–60 g/L (2–8 oz/gal) (b) Ambient to 100 (c) Ambient to 212 (c) 6–12 More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 7 Ground-coat enameling, acid-etch/nickel-deposition process (dip or spray application) No. Solution Composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F Dip Spray 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) Cleaner, 15–60 g/L (2–8 oz/gal) (b) Ambient to 100 (c) Ambient to 212 (c) 6–12 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the environment and the metal. Inorganic coatings include enamels, glass linings, and conversion coatings. Porcelain enamel coatings are inert in water and resistant to most weather. They are common on appliances and plumbing fixtures. Glass-lined metals are used in process industries where there is concern over...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications that require the mechanical properties normally obtained by heat treatment. Steel sheet is coated in coil form before fabrication either by the steel mills or by specialists called coil coaters. Porcelain enamels are glass coatings applied primarily to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and their application. It also provides information on weld-overlay and thermal spray coating, porcelain enameling, and the preparation of enamel frits for steels. The article closes by describing methods and materials for ceramic coating. ceramic coatings chemical conversion coatings continuous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.9781627081702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) The change occur- aluminizing. Forming of an aluminum or alumi- anodic protection. (1) A techuique to reduce the ring in porcelain enamel slips or powders with num alloy coating on a metal by hot dipping, corrosion rate of a metal by polarizing it into the lapse of time. (3) In heat treatment, a hot spraying...