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emulsions

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Emulsion cleaning is an industrial cleaning process that uses an organic solvent as the main active agent. This article provides information on the applications, concerns and limitations, and process parameters of emulsion cleaning. It describes the processing variables...
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 5 Instability in emulsions. Source: Ref 3 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 2 Three types of emulsions seen in sheet metal forming lubricants. (a) Excellent (tight) emulsion. (b) Poor (loose) emulsion. (c) Intermediate case with poor emulsion stability More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Abstract Abstract Bitumen for coating usage can best be categorized as two fundamental but very different types: asphalts and coal tars. This article provides a detailed discussion on asphalt and coal tar hot-melt applications; asphalt and coal tar emulsions; asphalt and coal tar cutbacks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... be incorporated into the formulation; and volatile components such as solvents, or water in emulsions and their composition. It provides general information on volatile organic compounds. The article describes the film-forming mechanisms of various coating types, namely, lacquers, chemically converting coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... methods, namely, mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical and their effectiveness and applicability. The mechanical cleaning methods include grinding, brushing, steam or flame jet cleaning, abrasive blasting, and tumbling. Solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, pickling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The article describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and lapping compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as coating and finishing processes. It explains how to remove parting lines and presents several mechanical finishing methods, including surface polishing, brushing, controlled shot peening, and buffing. It also provides information on solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, aqueous detergent or alkaline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and specialty additives. It explains types of rust-preventive compounds, including dry films and water-based dry films. The article also discusses the methods of application of various compounds, such as petrolatum compounds and emulsion compounds. It contains tables that provide information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This article provides an overview of the various types of stainless steels and describes the commonly used cleaning methods, namely, alkaline cleaning, emulsion cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, ultrasonic cleaning, and acid cleaning. Finishing operations of stainless steels, such as grinding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... work operations require film strength in excess of that which is possible with solutions and emulsions, a paste, suspension, or coating may prove to be the best lubricant choice. Pastes may be oil- or water-base, pigmented or nonpigmented. Pigments include talc, mica, or similar inactive but effective...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...; ceramic tooling is particularly sensitive in this regard The cooling from cutting fluids is generally related to their thermal properties. In general, cooling efficiency is less for an oil than for an emulsion and is greatest with a water solution. Frictional effects, however, may complicate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of fluorine in the polymer backbone that would offer protection to the weaker bonds in the polymer. The FEVE resin family consists of several different products that can be used in a wide variety of coating systems. There are solvent-based solution resins, 100%-solid flake resins, water-based emulsions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... concentrate to 20 to 30 parts water. For many grinding operations where it is desirable to have a lighter fluid with more cooling action, the ratio is 1 to 40 or 1 to 50. Water-miscible fluids form mixtures ranging from emulsions to solutions when mixed with water. Because water has a high specific heat, high...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 6 Sodium oleate. (a) Chemical formula. (b) “Straight pin” depiction. (c) Oil-in-water emulsion stabilized by sodium oleate emulsifier More
Image
Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 3 Application of various friction coefficient determination methods to five tests performed on an experimental rolling mill: Al 5052-H19, emulsion lubrication, SAE 52100 roll steel grade, speed 1 m/s, and variable reduction. Source: Ref 50 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Production, pieces/h 120 41 Tool life per grind, pieces 200 80 (a) Soluble-oil emulsion used for both parts More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., and water is added on the mill. This technique, essentially a total-loss system, was in general use for the first 20 years of rolling steel sheet on tandem mills with palm oil. The oil can be mixed with water at the mill and applied in the form of a mechanical dispersion. Emulsions of oil or fat in water...
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
in./rev). A chemical emulsion cutting fluid (1:15) was used. Tool life end point was 0.38 mm (0.015 in.) uniform wear and 0.75 mm (0.030 in.) localized wear. More