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embossed-projection welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... welding and reviews the equipment used in the process. It discusses projection welding of copper and copper alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, and steels. The article provides several specifications and recommended weld schedules and practices for projection welding. It describes the embossed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Projection welding (PW) is a variation of resistance welding in which current flow is concentrated at the point of contact with a local geometric extension of one (or both) of the parts being welded. This article discusses the applications of PW generally categorized as either embossed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Thicknesses , Weld. J. Res. Suppl. , Vol 31 ( No. 3 ), 1952 , p 113s – 125s 6. Harris J.F. and Riley J.J. , Projection Welding Low Carbon Steel Using Embossed Projections , Weld. J. , Vol 40 ( No. 4 ), 1961 , p 363 – 376 7. Gould J.E. , Workman D. , and Raynes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to RSW, in which current flow and heating are localized by one or both electrode contact faces, which determine the location, size, and shape of the weld produced. Fig. 6 Relation of weld nuggets to embossed regions of metal sheets used in projection welding. (a) Electrical circuit loop...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or both electrode contact faces, which determine the location, size, and shape of the weld produced. Fig. 6 Relation of weld nuggets to embossed regions of metal sheets used in projection welding. (a) Electrical circuit loop is completed when current travels through embossed projection contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... are localized by one or both electrode contact faces, which determine the location, size, and shape of the weld produced. Fig. 12 Relation of weld nuggets to embossed regions of metal sheets used in projection welding. (a) Electrical circuit loop is completed when current travels through embossed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... outline; piercing holes; embossing ribs, weld projections, and hole flanges; and stamping letters and numerals are done before the blank is cut off and formed. The blank is severed from the strip by cutting off, parting, or blanking methods. As the work metal strip leaves the press...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are difficult to enamel because of metal movement during firing and possible entrapment of solutions used in preparing the metal part for enameling. Spot welds must be at least 0.32 mm (0.0125 in.) in diameter to minimize compression failure. Seam welds should be flattened to prevent burrs, rough projections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... , Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency , 2002 2. Rinehart J.S. and Pearson J. , Explosive Working of Metals , Macmillan , 1963 3. Johnson W. , Impact Strength of Materials , Edward Arnold , London , 1970 4. Wood W.W. , Exp. Mech. , Vol 19 , 1967 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... a possible problem that will impact part cost or performance? Weld lines (a) If the process is a flow process, can weld lines be located appropriately? Other design and materials factors Geometric compatibility Is the part geometrically compatible with its adjoining parts? What could go wrong...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract Weldability is a function of three major factors: base material quality, welding process, and design. This article focuses on base-metal weldability of aluminum alloys in terms of mechanical property degradation in both the weld region and heat-affected zone, weld porosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... , Friction Characteristics of Microtextured Surfaces under Mixed and Hydrodynamic Lubrication , Tribol. Int. , Vol 57 , 2013 , p 170 – 176 10.1016/j.triboint.2012.07.020 33. Pettersson U. and Jacobson S. , Tribological Texturing of Steel Surfaces with a Novel Diamond Embossing Tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... often used to identify the work are sometimes difficult or impossible to remove by alkaline cleaning methods. Permanent markings for identification, if needed, should be punched or embossed in the steel, applied to the part as weld metal, or punched into 12-gage or thicker steel tags and wired securely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... welding include: Resistance seam welding (RSEW): To produce overlapping spots to form a seam Projection welding (PW): Where weld nuggets are localized at embossments or other raised portions (projections) of sheets being stacked Percussion welding (PEW): Also know as capacitor-discharge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and the American Welding Society (AWS). Table 2 provides a cross reference of the various specifications covering wrought aluminum products. Table 1 Wrought aluminum alloy products and tempers Alloy Sheet Plate Tube Pipe Structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...). A promising approach to reduce manufacturing costs, decrease vehicle weight, and improve the quality of automotive body components is through the use of tailor-welded blanks. This term refers to blanks where multiple sheets of material are welded together to create a single blank prior to the forming process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... operation. This may include blanking/cutting before or after forming, various joining methods, processes for making holes, and so forth. For high-volume production, such operations may be performed with equipment included in the production line, for example, welding cells, flying saws, hole punching...