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elongation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... designs used for heating or heat treating of unalloyed uranium: molten salt baths, inert-atmosphere furnaces, and vacuum furnaces. Finally, it presents procedures that are examples of heat treatment used to meet certain specifications of ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... properties (mass characteristics and thermal, electrical, magnetic, radiation, and optical properties), chemical properties (corrosion and oxidation resistance) and mechanical properties (tensile and yield strength, elongation, toughness, hardness, creep, and fatigue). The article also contains tables that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... temperatures on tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation, and the mechanical properly limits for aluminum alloy die forgings, non-heat-treatable and heat-treatable aluminum alloy sheets and plates, and non-heat-treatable aluminum alloy extruded wires, rods, bars, and shapes. aluminum alloy die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Even after 60% cold rolled reduction, pure gold shows a fairly low hardness of 50 HV, a low tensile strength of 215 MPa (31 ksi), and still retains approximately 2% tensile elongation. Commercially pure gold (99.95% and higher purity, in accordance with ASTM B562) easily recrystallizes at room...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% tensile elongation) at room temperature, which is attributed to a large covalent component in its atomic bonding in the c -axis direction and to its hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystal structure, which is limited at room temperature to only one slip direction on two crystal planes, basal and prism. This...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... screw on mechanical properties of AZ91D Shot velocity Ultimate tensile strength Elongation, % m/s ft/s MPa ksi 1.2 3.9 245 36 1.5 1.5 4.9 255 37 2.0 1.72 5.64 275 40 6.0 Source: Ref 12 Table 2 Effect of Thixomolding shot velocity of screw and aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... only a continuously increasing creep rate to fracture ( Ref 7 ). For twice the amount of stress, the creep curve in this case followed the classical trends. In other alloys, such as titanium alloys, with limited elongation before fracture, the tertiary stage can be brief and could show little increase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the material, the grains in cold-worked material become distorted, elongating in the direction of extensional deformation, such as the rolling direction in cold rolled strip, ( Fig. 15a ). Accompanying this geometrical change in grain shape is the development of anisotropy of mechanical properties of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... heated uniformly along its entire gage length, and hence other useful materials properties such as total tensile elongation, plastic anisotropy parameter, cavity formation, and so forth can be determined in addition to yield/ultimate tensile strength and reduction of area. On the other hand, the overall...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... different melt conditions were evaluated, and for each melt condition several test bars were cast using a permanent mold test bar mold. Figure 6 shows the variation in average percent elongation of a 319 aluminum alloy as a function of oxide count. As expected, higher elongation is achieved with cleaner...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... strength but because of a low capacity for deformation. This is especially true under conditions of rapid loading and/or thermal stress. Particularly sensitive to such loading are stress raisers that include some defects or abrupt changes in section thickness. The elongation values of approximately 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... equation dislocations forming diffusion SUPERPLASTICITY, in a widely accepted definition, is “the ability of a polycrystalline material to exhibit, in a generally isotropic manner, very high tensile elongations prior to failure” ( Ref 1 ). Note that this definition does not involve any...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardness, and high elongation. When higher tensile or yield strength is required, the aluminum bronzes, manganese bronzes, silicon brasses, silicon bronzes, beryllium coppers, and some nickel-silvers are used instead. Most of the higher-strength alloys have better-than-average resistance to corrosion and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... indicate the minimum yield strength (×100 psi); last two digits indicate minimum elongation (%). (b) ASTM specifications designated by footnote (c) provide a metric equivalent class where the first three digits indicate minimum yield strength in MPa. (c) Specifications with a suffix “M” utilize the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... only (for maximum elongation) T5 temper: artificial aging without a solution treatment (Castings may be quenched directly from the mold and aged to yield reasonable strength without the cost of solution treatment.) T6 temper: a full heat treatment using all steps, to produce maximum strength...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 0.0–0.5 0.0–0.1 0.0–2.0 Table 7 Mechanical properties of MIM low-alloy steels Material designation/condition Minimum values Typical values Ultimate tensile strength 0.2% yield strength Elongation in 25 mm (1 in.), % Ultimate tensile strength 0.2% yield strength Elongation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... between successive passes. To make processing more effective, the billet length should be significantly larger than the billet thickness. Thus, suitable configurations correspond to elongated billets ( Fig. 10a ) when ( a , b )≪ c and flat billets ( Fig. 10b ) when ( c , b )≫ a . Billet orientation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... based on tests of separately cast specimens Aluminum Association No. Temper Tensile strength Tensile yield strength (a) Elongation in 50 mm or 2 in., % Hardness (b) , HB Compressive yield strength (a) Shear strength Endurance limit (c) Modulus of elasticity (d) MPa ksi MPa...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... strength, MPa (ksi) 317 (46) 110 (16) 336 (48.7) 438 (63.5) 0.2% proof stress, MPa (ksi) … … 257 (37.3) 285 (41.3) Elongation, % … … 6.7 25.3 Modulus of elasticity, GPa (10 6 psi) 108 (15.7) 96.9 (14.05) 158 (22.9) 176 (25.5) Brinell hardness, HB 200 156 150 159 Charpy V...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... solid solutions are considerably stronger than the copper-zinc alloys in dilute solutions up to 10% Sn in copper or up to 30% Zn in copper, as shown in the hardness comparison chart based on tin and zinc in copper ( Fig. 1a ). The addition of tin to copper decreases the percent elongation sharply...