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electroslag remelting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the studies on computational modeling of the vacuum arc remelting (VAR) and electroslag remelting (ESR) processes. These models involve the axisymmetric analysis of the electromagnetic, flow, heat-transfer, and phase-change phenomena...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract Electroslag remelting (ESR) is commonly used to produce the highest levels of quality in plate steels, particularly in thick plates. This article provides an overview of the ESR and discusses the major components and operations of the ESR furnaces. It describes the principles...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... vacuum arc remelting vacuum induction melted THERE ARE TWO COMMONLY USED remelting processes for metal refinement: electroslag remelting (ESR) and vacuum arc remelting (VAR). In both processes, an electrode is melted as it advances into the melting region of the furnace. As the working face...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the principle, coil design, types and operation of a vacuum induction furnace. It describes the operation parameters that should be considered during the functioning of the induction furnace. electroslag remelting induction coils vacuum arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , Avtom. Svarka , Vol 6 , 1965 , p 32 – 37 17. Mitchell A. and Beynon G. , Electrochemical Reactions in the Electroslag Process, Ch. 2 , Bur. Mines Bull. , 1976 , p 669 18. Peover M.E. , Electroslag Remelting, A Review of Electrical and Electrochemical Aspects , J...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... involves vacuum induction melting (VIM), which is followed by consumable electrode remelting methods of electroslag remelting (ESR) and/or vacuum arc remelting (VAR). Electroslag remelting is not widely used, but several producers of critical rotating components in the gas turbine industry have adopted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... , Electrochemical Reactions in the Electroslag Process , Ch. 2, Bur. Mines Bull. , 1976 , p 669 18. Peover M.E. , Electroslag Remelting: A Review of Electrical and Electrochemical Aspects , J. Inst. Met. , Vol 100 , 1972 , p 97 19. Frost R.H. , Olson D.L. , and Edwards G.R...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... strength Yield strength Elongation in 4 D , % Reduction in area, % Charpy V-notch impact energy at −12 °C (10 °F) Hardness, HRC MPa ksi MPa ksi J ft · lbf Vacuum arc remelted (a) 1210 175 1120 163 16.4 61.2 65 48 37 Electroslag remelted (b) 1185 171 1090 158 16.1...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (for example, for refractory metals), vacuum arc melting and remelting (for reactive metals and superalloys), and electroslag melting and vacuum induction melting (for superalloys, specialty steels, and nonferrous metals). Some advantages and limitations of the competing vacuum processes are given in Table 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....a0005202 97. Electroslag Remelting , Casting , Vol 15 , ASM Handbook , Viswanathan S. , Apelian D. , Donahue R.J. , DasGupta B. , Gywn M. , Jorstad J.L. , Monroe R.W. , Sahoo M. , Prucha T.E. , and Twarog D. , Ed., ASM International , 2008 , p...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Fig. 6 Potential processing routes for products cast from vacuum induction melting (VIM) ingots or electrodes. VAR, vacuum are remelting; ESR, electroslag remelting; EB, electron beam; HIP, hot isostatic pressing. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 4 Typical vacuum induction melting protocol for nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... remelted (VAR), and one was electroslag remelted (ESR) ( Ref 12 ). All heats were annealed and furnace cooled, then subjected to a simulated postweld heat treatment (PWHT) of 20 h at 730 °C (1350 °F). In Fig. 1(a) , the CVN energies are plotted against temperature. Relative to the air-melted material...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., or freedom from harmful nonmetallic inclusions, of the steel. Bearing steels can be produced by one of these techniques: Clean-steel air-melt practices Electroslag remelting Air melting followed by vacuum arc remelting Vacuum induction melting followed by vacuum arc remelting (VIM/VAR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... … … … Carmo/Calmax 0.6 4.5 0.5 … 0.8 … … … Sleipner 0.9 7.8 2.5 … 0.5 … Ingot cast with electroslag remelting … … Diemax 0.5 5.0 2.3 … 0.5 … … … Caldie 0.7 5.0 2.3 … 0.5 … Spray formed … … Roltec 1.4 4.6 3.2 … 3.7 … … … Weartec 2.8 7.0 2.3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Eq equation ESCA electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis ESD electrospark deposition; electron-stimulated desorption ESR electroslag remelting et al. and others ETP electrolytic tin-plated (steel strip) eV electron volt exp base...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... top, bottle top, open bottom, closed bottom, and plug bottom. Fig. 5 Cross sections of various types of big-end-down and big-end-up mold designs. Source: Ref 2 Electrode ingots are tall, round ingots intended for remelting in electroslag remelting and vacuum arc remelting operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... ratio R on the endurable fatigue strength amplitude Fig. 26 S - N curve from longitudinal rotating bending tests on conventional AISI M2 hourglass specimens at R = –1. Left, air melted; right, electroslag remelted Fig. 27 Axial fatigue strength amplitude of transversal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... embrittlement or SCC is very complex. The test results depend on environmental conditions (potential, pH, oxygenation level, temperature, environment), material and melting procedure (air, vacuum, electroslag remelting, vacuum arc remelting, and so on); test specimen geometry (notched tensile or bend specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... hydrogen against vacuum and Ar + H 2 mixture Rotating consumable electrode; argon or helium Rotating consumable electrode; argon Rotating disk; forced helium convective cooling (a) VIM, vacuum induction melting. (b) VAR, vacuum arc remelting; ESR, electroslag remelting. (c) RSR, rapid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... bearings and reduce the rate of fatigue crack propagation through the cross section Easier machining of the base material in manufacturing Clean-steel air-melt practices Electroslag remelting Air melting followed by vacuum are remelting Vacuum induction melting followed by vacuum arc...