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electroslag remelting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the studies on computational modeling of the vacuum arc remelting (VAR) and electroslag remelting (ESR) processes. These models involve the axisymmetric analysis of the electromagnetic, flow, heat-transfer, and phase-change phenomena to predict...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Electroslag remelting (ESR) is commonly used to produce the highest levels of quality in plate steels, particularly in thick plates. This article provides an overview of the ESR and discusses the major components and operations of the ESR furnaces. It describes the principles of ingot...
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 17 Schematic of the electroslag remelting process More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 16 Tension-compression fatigue curves for air-melted and electroslag-remelted heats of H13 steel. Axial fatigue tests performed in an Ivy machine at a frequency of 60 Hz; the stresses were fully reversed for all tests ( R = −1). Open symbols indicate longitudinal fatigue data; filled More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the conventional (a) vacuum arc remelting and (b) electroslag remelting processes. Courtesy of ATI Allvac More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 1 Comparison of the Charpy V-notch energy and fracture appearance of 2 1 4 Cr-1Mo steel produced by air, vacuum-arc remelting (VAR), and electroslag remelting (ESR) practices. Source: Ref 12 More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 6 Potential processing routes for products cast from vacuum induction melting (VIM) ingots or electrodes. VAR, vacuum are remelting; ESR, electroslag remelting; EB, electron beam; HIP, hot isostatic pressing. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 13 Electromganetic, flow, temperature, and liquid fraction fields in the slag and ingot during an electroslag remelting process for IN 718 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 3 Computational domain for analysis of the steady-state behavior of the electroslag remelting process (frame of reference attached to the top surface of the slag) More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 14 Axial variations of local heat flux and effective heat-loss coefficient over the circumferential surfaces of the slag and ingot during an electroslag remelting process for IN 718 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 15 Predicted radial variations of the local solidification time and dendrite arm spacings (DAS) in the solidified IN 718 ingot formed in an electroslag remelting process under steady-state conditions More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 26 S - N curve from longitudinal rotating bending tests on conventional AISI M2 hourglass specimens at R = –1. Left, air melted; right, electroslag remelted More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 16 Predicted radial variations of the interdendritic Rayleigh number for two different freckle-initiation solid fractions in the solidified IN 718 ingot formed in an electroslag remelting process under steady-state conditions More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 6 Fatigue limit at 2 million cycles versus defect size and process route for tool steels. Fatigue limit for various tool steels at 60–62 HRC. R =0. P/M, powder metallurgy; ESR, electroslag remelt; SF, spray forming. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 385 Surface of a fatigue fracture that occurred in tension-tension ( R = 0.1) in a test bar of electroslag remelt AISI 4340 steel heat treated to a hardness of 55 HRC. The origin of the fracture is an inclusion at the center of the “star” at right. See also Fig. 386 , 387 , 388 , 389 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 15 Tension-tension fatigue curves for longitudinal specimens of air-melted and electroslag-remelted heats of H13 steel. Axial fatigue tests performed in an Ivy machine at a frequency of 60 Hz; the alternating stress was 67% of the mean stress for all tests ( R = 0.2). Arrows signify More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ID inner diameter CAE computer-aided engineering EPS expanded polystyrene pattern in. inch CAM computer-aided manufacturing ESR electroslag remelting ISO International Organization for CE carbon equivalent ESW electroslag welding CET columnar-equiaxed transition et al. and others Standardization CG...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... vacuum arc remelting vacuum induction melted THERE ARE TWO COMMONLY USED remelting processes for metal refinement: electroslag remelting (ESR) and vacuum arc remelting (VAR). In both processes, an electrode is melted as it advances into the melting region of the furnace. As the working face...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Dissimilar Metal Joining Electroslag remelting has been used to develop transition pieces for heavy-wall steam piping where low-alloy chromium-molybdenum steel pipe is to be joined to austenitic stainless steel pipe. Two round ingots, one of the ferritic alloy and one of the austenitic stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Electroslag welding (ESW) involves high energy input relative to other welding processes, resulting generally in inferior mechanical properties and specifically in lower toughness of the heat-affected zone. Electrogas welding (EGW) is a method of gas metal or flux cored arc welding...