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electron spin

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001750
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Electron spin resonance (ESR), or electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), is an analytical technique that can extract a great deal of information from any material containing unpaired electrons. This article explains how ESR works and where it applies in materials characterization...
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 1 Flow charts of common techniques for characterization of semiconductors. ICP-MS: inductively coupled mass spectrometry; ESR: electron spin resonance; NMR: nanomagnetic resonance; UV-vis: ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy; XRS: x-ray Raman spectroscopy; NAA: neutron activation analysis More
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 1 Flow charts of common techniques for characterization of organic solids. AES: Auger electron spectroscopy; AFM: atomic force microscopy; COMB: high-temperature combustion; EFG: elemental and functional group analysis; EPMA: electron probe x-ray microanalysis; ESR: electron spin More
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
-ray microanalysis; ESR: electron spin resonance; FTIR: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; GC, gas chromatography; GC/MS: gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; IA: image analysis; IC: ion chromatography; ICP-MS, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry; LC: liquid chromatography; LC/MS More
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 2 Flow charts of common techniques for characterization of organic liquids. EFG: elemental and functional group analysis; ESR: electron spin resonance; FTIR: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; GC: gas chromatography; GC/MS: gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; IC: ion More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 1 Sources of magnetic moments. (a) Orbiting electron. (b) Spinning electron More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., high-temperature combustion; EFG, elemental and functional group analysis; EPMA, electron probe x-ray microanalysis; ESR, electron spin resonance; FTIR; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; GC, gas chromatography; GC/MS, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; IA, image analysis; IC, ion...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 30 Scanning electron microscope with polarization analysis (SEMPA). (a) The unpolarized primary electrons are rastered across the sample, emitting spin-polarized secondary electrons (SE). The spin-polarization is proportional to the magnetization at the surface of the sample. (b More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... ESCA electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis ESR electron spin resonance EXAFS extended x-ray absorption fine structure FIM field ion microscopy FNAA fast neutron activation analysis FMR ferromagnetic resonance FT-IR Fourier transform infrared...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract Electron beam machining (EBM) uses a focused beam of high-velocity electrons to remove material. This article provides a description of equipment used for EBM and discusses the process characteristics, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of electron beam drilling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... as the Knight shift. In many metals, the Knight shift arises primarily from the conduction electron paramagnetism. Relaxation times are also determined by the electrons at the Fermi level, which induce nuclear spin flips. In magnetically ordered materials, an internal magnetic field can be measured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... and is easily extended to include spin dependence, the local spin density approximation (LSDA), which has been widely applied to ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems ( Ref 21 ). The LDA is also the starting point for a variety of improvements based on the local change in the electron density produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... energy dispersive spectroscopy electromagnetic interferences epoxy ethylene propylene ethylene propylene diene rubber ethylene propylene rubber environmental stress cracking electron spin resonance essential work of fracture Food and Drug Administration nite element analysis nite element method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... … N … • N … … • • • • … … • Auger electron spectroscopy • … … … • • … … • • • • … … … Electron probe x-ray microanalysis N … … … N N N … N … N N N … … Electron spin resonance N N … … N N N N … … … N N N … Elemental and functional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... different perturbations to the Zeeman splitting due to local structure (symmetry, coordination number, etc.), and also local dynamics of different elements. Essentially any magnetic or electronic interaction with the observed nuclear spin affecting the energy levels in Fig. 1 results in the ability...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the fundamentals and applications of localized heat treating methods: induction hardening and tempering, laser surface transformation hardening, and electron-beam heat treatment. The article provides information about equipment and describes the selection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... beryllium. The article discusses the role of lubrication, blank development, tool designs, and strain rates, in deep drawing. It also provides information on the tooling and applications of three-roll bending, stretch forming, and spinning. beryllium blank development deep drawing dies formability...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... e r s p e c t r o s c o p y : Magnetic structure Measurement of magnetization Study of magnetocrystalline anisotropy analysis, phase analysis, and surface analysis; Investigation of exchange stiffness limited to relatively few isotopes Electron spin resonance: Identification of magnetic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Products Spin casting of thermoplastics and thermoset plastics includes: Plumbing fittings, valves, and couplings Electrical switch plates, condensers, and connector plugs Toy cars, wheels, and gears Pen holders, clips, and fasteners Electronic computer parts Calculator casing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... sometimes introduce features into a spectrum that aid interpretation. Multiplet Splitting Multiplet splitting can occur when there are one or more electrons in the valence shell with unpaired spins and photoionization occurs in another shell. This situation typically arises for the transition...