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electron fractography

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... appearance dating back to the sixteenth century to the state-of-the-art work in electron fractography and quantitative fractography. It also describes the applications and limitations of scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. electron fractography fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...Abstract Abstract Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has unique capabilities for analyzing fracture surfaces. This article discusses the basic principles and practice of SEM, with an emphasis on its applications in fractography. The topics include an introduction to SEM instrumentation, imaging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Specimen Preparation Application of Scanning Electron Microscope in Fractography Acknowledgments References References 1. Von Ardenne M. , Z. Phys. , Vol 109 , 1938 , p 553 10.1007/BF01341584 2. Dingley D. and Baba-Kishi K. , Use of Electron Back-Scatter...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... This is followed by a section describing the methods based on scanning electron microscope fractography. The article also addresses procedures for three-dimensional fracture surface reconstruction. In each case, sufficient methodological details, governing equations, and practical examples are provided...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the development of SEM technology and describes the operation of basic systems in an SEM, including the electron optical column, signal detection and display equipment, and vacuum system. It discusses the preparation of samples for observation using an SEM and describes the application of SEM in fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
.... Zipp R.D. , Preservation and Cleaning of Fractures for Fractography , Scan. Elec. Microsc. , No. 1 , 1979 , p 355 – 362 2. Phillips A. et al. , Electron Fractography Handbook MCIC-HB-08, Metals and Ceramics Information Center, Battelle Columbus Laboratories , June 1976 , p...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fracture information contained in optical and scanning-electron microscope fractographs. fractography fracture surface preparation light microscopy optical fractographs scanning-electron microscope fractographs FRACTOGRAPHY is the term coined in 1944 to describe the science of studying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... describes the macroscopic analysis of steel fracture surfaces with emphasis on ductile, brittle, and fatigue fracture with illustrations. It discusses microanalysis with a focus on the method of light microscopy and includes information of scanning electron microscope in fractography. The article also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fracture information contained in optical and scanning-electron microscope fractographs. fractography fracture surface preparation light microscopy optical fractographs scanning-electron microscope fractographs FRACTOGRAPHY is the term coined in 1944 to describe the science of studying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
.... Phillips A. et al. , Electron Fractography Handbook , AFML-TDR-64-416, Air Force Materials Laboratory , 31 Jan 1965 42. Phillips A. et al. , Electron Fractography Handbook , MCIC-HB-08, Air Force Materials Laboratory and the Metals and Ceramics Information Center , June 1976...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and brittle fracture, fatigue, creep, and complex environmentally assisted cracking from stress-corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement) is in other articles in this Volume. Articles on the fractographic appearances of polymeric and ceramic materials are also included. Fractography of electronic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Fractography to the Theory of Fracture , Int. Met. Rev. , Vol 19 , 1974 , p 135 – 182 31. Pelloux R.M. , The Analysis of Fracture Surfaces by Electron Microscopy , Met. Eng. Quart. , Vol 5 ( No. 4 ), Nov 1965 , p 26 – 37 32. Broek D. , A Study on Ductile Fracture , Nat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of Electron and Scanning Electron Fractography,” Masters thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology , June 1971 Direct Observation of Thin-Foil Specimens Specimen Preparation Cleaning of Fracture Surfaces for Replication Shadowing of Replicas Artifacts in Replicas Comparison of TEM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of polymeric and ceramic materials are also included. (Fractography of electronic components is addressed in detail in Ref 1 .) In summary, the following are key features in distinguishing between monotonic versus fatigue fracture and ductile versus brittle fractures (on either a macroscale or microscale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Materials , Cambridge University Press , 1991 4. Fractography , Vol 12 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , ASM International , 1987 5. Bhattacharyya S. , Johnson V.E. , Agarwal S. , and Howes M.A.H. , Failure Analysis of Metallic Materials by Scanning Electron Microscopy...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... interactions between crack fronts and inclusions, etc. A separate fractography terminology is provided in this article. ceramics crack propagation descriptive fractography failure analysis fractography techniques fractography terminology fracture markings fracture surface markings quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and scanning electron microscopes (SEMs) have been commercially available for more than 35 years ( Ref 22 ). Today, the SEM is standard equipment for any laboratory performing failure analysis and fractography. The SEM offers significantly superior resolution and depth of field compared to light microscopes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., Volume 21: Composites. Most of the information in this Section is geared toward organic-matrix composites, although there is some information on failure analysis and fractography of ceramic- and metal-matrix composites. Overview of Failure Analysis Coverage of this Section Any failure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article describes various evaluation techniques of fractography such as visual inspection, macroscopic and microscopic examinations that are used to resolve different aspects of failure. It gives a brief description and pictorial representation of various defects leading...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Abstract Fractography is the means and methods for characterizing a fractured specimen or component. This includes the examination of fracture-exposed surfaces and the interpretation of the fracture markings as well as the examination and interpretation of crack patterns. This article...