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electron beam welding machines

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... The primary goal of quality control in electron beam (EB) welding is to consistently produce defect-free and structurally sound welds. This article discusses the common procedures for controlling the EB welding process, the control of the essential machine parameters, and the introduction of closed-loop...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... beam welding. Advantages are described in terms of welding near heat sensitive components or materials and producing deep penetration or shallow welds with the same equipment. dissimilar metals electron beam welding electron beam welding machines joint design process control weld geometry...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... distance. The article reviews the operation sequence and safety aspects of EBW. electron-beam welding electron-beam welding machines joint design weld geometry ELECTRON-BEAM WELDING (EBW) is a high-energy density fusion process that is accomplished by bombarding the joint to be welded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... operations. adhesive bonding arc welding brazing compressed gas handling cutting electric shock electrical safety electron-beam welding explosion welding eye protection face protection friction welding high-frequency welding laser-beam welding oxyfuel gas welding protective clothing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... and explosion. adhesive bonding arc welding brazing compressed gas cutting electrical safety electromagnetic radiation electron beam welding explosion prevention explosion protection explosion welding fire prevention fire protection friction welding fumes gas high-frequency welding laser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... to manufacturing technology is important enough that one of the earliest electron beam welding machines from Steigerwald has been preserved and is on public display at the Deutsches Museum of Technology in Munich, Germany. By the early 1960s, high-voltage (125 to 150 kV) electron beam welding systems were being...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... for electronic scanning (under vacuum), the work is provisionally aligned as for optical scanning, making sure that the joint line is parallel to the direction of travel. Electron-beam welding units used for weld buildup repairs are high-voltage, high-vacuum machines (150 kV, 13 mPa, or 10 −4 torr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... refined. For fully CNC electron beam welders, all welding parameters are controlled by the welding machine CNC and can be stored in the part program. The length of dwell time for the EB at each particular spot can be programmed and allows maximum process flexibility in terms of heat input...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... is typically approximately 60 pieces per hour for general-purpose, manually operated equipment, and upwards of 600 pieces per hour for specially tooled automatic machines. Tooling in nonvacuum electron beam welding is generally designed specifically for welding a particular assembly in mass production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Additional information on electron-beam welding is available in the article “Electron-Beam Welding” in this Volume. Alternating current power sources for shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and submerged arc welding (SAW) can be as simple as a single transformer ( Fig. 2a ). Low-voltage machines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... or electron beam welding) are suitable for laser beam welding (LBW). However, it must be remembered that the laser beam is focused to a spot of a few hundred micrometers in diameter, and thus, fit-up tolerances and alignment requirements are also of that order of magnitude. As with fusion welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the types of weld discontinuities that are characteristic of specialized welding processes. These welding processes include electron-beam welding, plasma arc welding, electroslag welding, friction welding, resistance welding, and diffusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... testing. Electron beam and laser welding techniques offer benefits in microstructure and properties of resulting welds in refractory metals. They can provide sufficient weld penetration and a narrow HAZ even for weld geometries up to approximately 10 mm (0.4 in.) thick. However, high-power beam...
Book Chapter

By K. Sampath
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for Metals , 1986 , p 529 – 549 3. Adhesives , Engineered Materials Handbook Desk Edition , Gauthier M. , Ed., ASM International , 1995 , p 633 – 671 4. Procedure Development and Practice Considerations for Electron-Beam Welding , Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Vol 6 , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... low levels of gaseous species. Processing in a vacuum during electron-beam-based DED mandates using wire as a feedstock. Arc-based DED processing typically has adapted the gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process with automated motion, such as through a robot or gantry, to deposit material, similar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... balance of an electron beam machine with 20 kW beam power output Fig. 18 Universal-chamber electron beam machine for hardening, welding, engraving, and structuring. Chamber volume: 0.5 m 3 ; beam parameters: 60 kV, 10 kW. Courtesy of FOCUS Fig. 19 Load-lock cycle facility for hardening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... arc wire (spray) EB electron beam EBM electron-beam machining E c Young's modulus of coating E/C erosion/corrosion ECCS electrolytic chromium-coated steel ECD electrochemical deburring ECM electrochemical machining ECP electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... for fusion are lasers and electron beams. Powder particle size is in the range of 20 to 40 μm for laser PBF and 45 to 100 μm for electron-beam PBF. Directed energy deposition feeds material into an energy beam, typically a laser, electron beam, or plasma arc weld head ( Fig. 13 ). Feedstock is typically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Capabilities of blank-welding methods Table 1 Capabilities of blank-welding methods Capability Process Resistance mash-seam welding Laser welding High-frequency induction welding Electron-beam welding Straight-line capabilities 50 mm (2 in.) minimum and 2500 mm (100...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... temperature is generally performed on combination two-high and four-high mills with smaller-diameter (19.0 to 44.5 mm, or 0.75 to 1.75 in.) tungsten carbide work rolls. Tubing has been fabricated by electron beam welding a 13 mm (1 in.) wide and 0.20 mm (0.008 in.) thick rhenium strip to form a tube...