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electron beam machining

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machining, electrical discharge machining, chemical machining, abrasive jet machining, laser beam machining, electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, hydrodynamic machining, thermochemical machining, abrasive flow machining, and electrical discharge wire cutting. abrasive jet machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... electron beam machine with 20 kW beam power output The EB facilities ( Fig. 18 , 19 , 20 ) and the manufacturing system with integrated EB facility (layout depicted in Fig. 21 ) differ from each other with respect to: Degree of flexibility: single- or multipurpose facility Structural...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Electron beam melting includes melting, refining, and conversion processes for metals and alloys. This article describes the electron beam melting process, as well as the principles, equipment, and process considerations of drip melting and cold hearth melting process. electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the SEM compared with other common microscopy and microanalysis techniques. The following sections cover the critical issues regarding sample preparation, the physical principles regarding electron beam-sample interaction, and the mechanisms for many types of image contrast. The article also presents...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electrolytic machining (STEM) Thermal Electrical discharge machining (EDM) Electrical discharge wire cutting (EDWC) Electrical discharge grinding (EDG) Electron beam machining (EBM) Laser beam machining (LBM) Thermal energy method (TEM) Chemical Chemical milling (CM...
Book

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.9781627081887
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-field-emission SEMs, or high-resolution SEMs, and have the highest resolution capabilities of all SEMs. A compromise is reached in the thermal-field-emission (or Schottky gun) SEM when a combination of heat and electric field are used to produce an electron beam. These machines have better resolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... inserted in the microscope include contamination, reticulation, and melting of materials contained in the replica. Contamination resulting from the action of the electron beam is unavoidable and increases with exposure time. Reticulation occurs when the shadowing metal gets hot enough to melt and form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... fundamental level, the virtue of ion beams arises from the unique sample interactions that are distinctly different from electron beam instruments, scanned probes, or optical instruments. In most conventional uses, the FIB is used as a nanoscale “sand blaster” to remove materials from the sample by a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... copper- and aluminum-base metallization ( Ref 20 ). The ablated particles and crater morphology were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, FIB-SEM, and a surface-mapping microscope to evaluate laser ablation repetition rate, laser power, and beam diameter. Under optimized conditions, the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... conditions. It then focuses on the characteristics, types, and properties of the five groups of adhesives, such as structural, hot melt, pressure sensitive, water based, ultraviolet, and electron beam cured adhesives. The article also discusses the functions and applications of adhesive modifiers, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... wear- and fatigue-prone areas on irregularly shaped machine components, such as camshafts and crankshafts. Electron beam (EB) hardening, like laser treatment, is used to harden the surfaces of steels. The EB heat treating process uses a concentrated beam of high-velocity electrons as an energy source...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... part or workpiece being processed to self-quench and to form a martensitic structure with a compressive stress on the surface of the hardened area. The electron-beam hardening process normally is applied to finish-machined or ground surfaces. Because the buildup of energy is rapid and well controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... well as sprayed and sol-gel coatings and laser and electron-beam treatments. anodizing buffing chemical conversion coatings chemical vapor deposition cleaning diffusion treatment electron beam treatment finishing grease removal ion implantation laser treatment oxidation resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... cases now employ a phased array, rather than a single-element transducer: An electronic signal generator that produces bursts of voltage (a negative spike or a square wave) when electronically triggered (pulsed) A transmitting transducer (probe or search unit) that can be a single element or an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... least resistance. This causes a breakdown of the dielectric and initiates the flow of current. In the second stage, electrons and ions migrate toward the anode and cathode at high current density, forming a column of plasma and initiating the melting of the workpiece. When the application of voltage is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... applications emerged in the early 1980s. At that time, the automotive and electronics industries combined purchased nearly 60% of the 2500 machine vision systems installed in 1984 ( Ref 1 ). This market grew to approximately $2 billion in 2015 and is expected to continue to grow. Many more systems are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic materials serve important insulative, capacitive, conductive, resistive, sensor, electrooptic, and magnetic functions in a wide variety of electrical and electronic circuitry. This article focuses on various applications of advanced ceramics in both electric power and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...) emerging ultrasound generation technologies. EMAT, electromagnetic acoustic transducer. Adapted from Ref 1 In addition to single-element transducers, ultrasound now is increasingly produced using a phased array, in which a matrix of piezoelectric elements is controlled electronically to produce a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... microscopy (TEM), in which resolutions in the range of 0.2 nm (2 Å) are attainable and the depth of focus is such that the image is, in effect, a two-dimensional projection of a three-dimensional object. The electrons can be focused to produce an approximately parallel, coherent beam of 2 to 6 μm (80 to 240...