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electrolytic alkaline cleaning

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... chemical cleaning methods. The electrochemical cleaning methods include electropolishing, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, and electrolytic pickling. The article provides information on cleanliness measurement methods such as qualitative tests and quantitative tests to ensure product quality. Health hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides guidelines for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive blast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... economy, chemical and electrolytic brightening processes offer the following advantages as a complement to anodizing and other subsequent coating processes that protect the surface. In terms of performance: With proper cleaning, either brightening process can remove trace amounts or intermetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) in distilled H 2 O, 20 mL HCl Bismuth 7 30 s (ss) Group VII: Alkaline electrolytes VII-1 Water to make 1000 mL, 80 g KCN (potassium cyanide), 40 g K 2 CO 3 (potassium carbonate), 50 g AuCl 3 (gold chloride) Gold, silver 7.5 2–4 min (tt) VII-2 Water to make 1000 mL, 100 g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the various techniques for removing contaminants in the surface preparation of steel for hot-dip coatings: wet cleaning methods, including alkaline cleaning, electrolytic cleaning, chemical pickling, and electrolytic pickling; flame cleaning and furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... formed from phosphated and lubricated sheet steel. Alkaline cleaning was used to remove mill dirt and soap-type lubricant. Electrolytic acid cleaning followed the alkaline treatment to ensure removal of the phosphate coating and residual lubricant. Because of scrubbing action by the gas evolved at the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., painting, inspection, further machining, or packaging. Before plating, solvent cleaning is usually followed by an alkaline wash or another similar process that provides a hydrophilic surface. Solvent cleaning can also be used to remove water from electroplated parts, a common procedure in the jewelry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... described. Some of these ingredients may be highly alkaline and corrosive. Process chemicals formulated for salt bath cleaning applications do not contain restricted or heavy metals in their “fresh” condition. The byproducts or sludge that must be removed from an operating bath will contain the materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... degree of smoothness or roughness and requirement for color and gloss can be filled by organic coatings. The article describes abrasive blast cleaning, abrasive waterjet cleaning and finishing, vibratory finishing, barrel finishing, and shot peening for processing iron castings. abrasive blast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coating of aluminum. These include abrasive blast cleaning, barrel finishing, polishing, buffing, satin finishing, chemical cleaning, chemical brightening, electrolytic brightening, chemical etching, alkaline etching, acid etching, chemical conversion coating, electroplating, immersion plating...
Book Chapter

By Mark C. Williams
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article describes the ideal performance of various low-temperature and high-temperature fuel cells that depends on the electrochemical reactions that occur between different fuels and oxygen. Low-temperature fuel cells, such as polymer electrolyte, alkaline, and phosphoric acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... provides an overview of the various types of stainless steels and describes the commonly used cleaning methods, namely, alkaline cleaning, emulsion cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, ultrasonic cleaning, and acid cleaning. Finishing operations of stainless steels, such as grinding, polishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... surfaces prior to copper plating include soak or electrolytic alkaline cleaning, alkaline derusting, vapor degreasing, and solvent cleaning. Good rinsing between preparation steps is a very important and often-overlooked step in the preparation cycle. Time, temperature, and concentration considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... conversion coating treatment following alkaline cleaning to improve corrosion resistance and coating adherence. Wash primers also are used for those purposes. Wrought zinc products are subjected to solvent cleaning, soak alkaline cleaning, and electrolytic alkaline cleaning prior to electroplating ( Ref 6...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Copper can be electrodeposited from numerous electrolytes. Cyanide and pyrophosphate alkalines, along with sulfate and fluoborate acid baths, are the primary electrolytes used in copper plating. This article provides information on the chemical composition, plating baths, and operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...% concentrated HF, at 20 to 30 °C (68 to 86 °F). Two common methods for cleaning molybdenum and tungsten are acid electrolyte (aqueous solution of 5 to 50 vol% concentrated HF, using 5 V, 60 Hz alternating current) and alkaline electrolyte (aqueous solution of 2 to 10 wt% NaOH or KOH with a nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... dried in warm air. Lacquering or painting should be done as soon as possible in a clean atmosphere. A warm (50 to 70 °C, or 120 to 160 °F) solution of sodium hydroxide is typically used for alkaline etching. Other alkalis can be used for alkaline etching, such as potassium hydroxide, trisodium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article discusses four subsystems of the electrochemical machining (ECM) system: power source, electrolyte cleaning and supply system, tool and tool-feed system, and workpiece and workpiece-holding system. It describes the theory of ECM and provides information on the electrolytes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... bases are usually in the pH 12 to 14 range. Iron and steel are normally passive in these high pH cleaning baths. Zinc and aluminum are normally degreased at lower pH because of their increased corrosion rate at high pH. Commercial alkaline degreasing baths contain numerous additives. Silicates have...