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electrolyte cleaning

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the various techniques for removing contaminants in the surface preparation of steel for hot-dip coatings: wet cleaning methods, including alkaline cleaning, electrolytic cleaning, chemical pickling, and electrolytic pickling; flame cleaning and furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and electrolytic cleaning as well as mechanical grinding and finishing. The article also provides information on common plating and coating methods, including electroplating, anodizing, and oxidation-resistant coatings. abrasive blasting acid cleaning anodizing coating electrolytic cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses four subsystems of the electrochemical machining (ECM) system: power source, electrolyte cleaning and supply system, tool and tool-feed system, and workpiece and workpiece-holding system. It describes the theory of ECM and provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... cleaners for cleaning ferrous metals Composition of each constituent is given in percent by weight. Constituent Immersion Spray Barrel Wipe Electrolytic Phosphoric acid 70 … 70 … … 15–25 … Sodium acid pyrophosphate … 16.5 … 16.5 16.5 … … Sodium bisulfate … 80 … 80...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and lapping compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The article describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., and descaling are chemical cleaning methods. The electrochemical cleaning methods include electropolishing, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, and electrolytic pickling. The article provides information on cleanliness measurement methods such as qualitative tests and quantitative tests to ensure product quality...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or electrolytic cleaning. Precleaning reduces the contamination of the alkaline solution, extending the life of the solution. Electrolytic Alkaline Cleaning Electrolytic alkaline cleaning is the most reliable method for cleaning parts for plating. The work is the cathode, and steel electrodes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and coating of aluminum. These include abrasive blast cleaning, barrel finishing, polishing, buffing, satin finishing, chemical cleaning, chemical brightening, electrolytic brightening, chemical etching, alkaline etching, acid etching, chemical conversion coating, electroplating, immersion plating...
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...) or through an electrolytic cell containing a solution of a zinc salt (electrogalvanized). Galvanizing gives corrosion protection to wire. The wire is usually annealed in the same operation by being passed through molten lead, molten salt, or a fluidized bed, followed by cleaning or pickling, prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., nitric/hydrofluoric, and phosphoric acids can be used. Also, there are continuous treatment lines that use electrolytic cleaning in a phosphoric acid electrolyte. For high-quality adhesive bonding, the alkaline or acidic cleaning/etching step is followed by the controlled buildup of a new oxide layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and electrolyte flow rate are lower than ECM. Secondly, the tool is stationary ( Fig. 1 ). The current magnitude and its duration of flow to suit a particular component are determined by trial. The commonly used electrolytes are NaCl and NaNO 3 . The interelectrode gap (IEG) is usually in the range of 0.1 to 0.3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... times faster than the rates for the dilute cyanide and Rochelle cyanide baths. Parts to be plated in the high-efficiency electrolytes must be cleaned thoroughly, or the plate will be of inferior quality and the bath will require frequent purification for the removal of organic contaminants...
Image
Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 3 Gray iron cylinder liners furnace brazed to a steel deck plate for a gasoline engine, after being cleaned in an electrolytic salt bath ( Example 1 ). Source: Ref 10 More
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... the cathode surfaces clean. When using virtual electrodes (glass impingement nozzles), the plate out is essentially negated. Nevertheless, the contaminant level in solution keeps increasing and requires conditioning of electrolyte. Sludge Sludge, consisting of insoluble hydroxides or hydrated oxides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... attractive). Electrolytic alkaline cleaning is also used. In the electrolytic system, the work can be either anodic or cathodic polarity, provided the voltage and current can be controlled to avoid anodizing or spark discharge, and subsequent pitting. Removing these soils is essential before acid etching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... operation, the circuit board was cleaned in softened (i.e., sodium-containing) water. The result of this process was that chlorine-containing solder flux and sodium-containing water wicked into the areas between solder joints by way of the terminal-entry gaps. The resulting electrolyte then supported...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 28 Astroloy forging, solution annealed 1 h at 1150 °C (2100 °F) and air cooled. (a) View showing grain boundaries and fine MC carbides in a γ-phase matrix. Kalling's reagent 2. Original magnification 100×. (b) Replica electron micrograph showing a clean grain boundary (diagonal). γ More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... soak or electrolytic cleaning. Precleaning reduces the contamination of the alkaline solution, extending the life of the solution. Thorough alkaline cleaning must follow the emulsion cleaning cycle before the subsequent acid cycles. Extreme caution must be exercised to avoid dragging emulsifiers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... ). Because of this, metallic coatings deposited on aluminum should be continuous and of adequate thickness if the anticipated environment is corrosive. Aluminum oxide also is a cathode with respect to aluminum, so pitting corrosion occurs at defects in the coating ( Fig. 1 , Ref 4 ). Cleaning...