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electroless copper plating equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and hybrid and other advanced applications. It describes two commercial processes, pretreatment and post-treatment. The article reviews the solutions used, controls and control equipment, and performance criteria of electroless copper plating. It concludes with information on the environmental and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electroless nickel coatings on composites and plastics. aluminum alloys composites copper alloys electroless nickel baths electroless nickel plating electroless nickel plating equipment electroless nickel-boron coatings electroless nickel-phosphorus coatings fatigue strength ferrous alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... . Several metals can be deposited using the electroless plating technique. Electroless copper and electroless nickel are widely used (see the articles “Electroless Nickel Plating” and “Electroless Copper Plating” in this Volume). There is a growing interest in the electroless plating of gold and, to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... acid baths are the electrolytes used in the electrolytic deposition of copper deposits. For additional information, see the article “Electroless Copper Plating” in this Volume. Alkaline cyanide copper solutions are used to plate the initial deposits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... The article concludes with a discussion on the safety and environmental concerns associated with nonelectrolytic deposition processes. dispersion alloy coating electroless alloy deposition electroless alloy plating nonelectrolytic alloy plating nonelectrolytic alloy plating equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...). (c) Ferrous chloride (4-hydrate). (d) Calcium chloride. (e) Ammonium chloride. (f) Ferrous fluoborate. (g) Sodium chloride. (h) Ammonium sulfamate. (i) Ferrous sulfonate In addition, there are many baths that have been reported for both the electrolytic and electroless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for all kinds of equipment are plated with 20 to 30 μm (0.8 to 1.2 mil) of hard chromium to increase service life. Various types of tools are plated with chromium to minimize wear, prevent seizing and galling, reduce friction, and/or prevent or minimize corrosion. Steel or beryllium copper dies for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... buffing, electroless plating, immersion plating, electroplating, passivation, coloring, and organic coatings. Decorative chromium deposits are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by a chemical reaction rather than by electrolytic deposition, unique tanks and auxiliary equipment are required to ensure trouble-free operation and quality coatings. Components in an electroless copper plating solution include: MECHANICAL PLATING is a method for coating ferrous metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the plating solution. Decorative applications account for about 80% of the nickel consumed in plating; 20% is consumed for engineering and electroforming purposes. Autocatalytic (electroless) nickel plating processes are commercially important but are outside the scope of this section. The annual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., electroless plating, porcelain enameling, and shot peening. abrasive blast cleaning acid etching alkaline etching aluminum aluminum alloys anodizing barrel finishing buffing chemical brightening chemical cleaning chemical conversion coating chemical etching cleaning coating electroless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Resistant to many acids and hot corrosive gases Nickel 140–500 HV White 2–40 (a) 130–500 (c) 0.1–1.5 (a) 5–20 (c) Resistant to many chemicals and corrosive atmospheres; often used in conjunction with copper and chromium; can be applied by electroless plating Rhodium 400–800 HB Bright white...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... are both used in the literature to refer to the application of a metallic coating to a plastic surface. In this article, metallizing is used to refer to the general case, and plating is reserved for electroless and electrolytic processes. Electroplating of nonconductors has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coats Satellites System A: dichromate System B: anodize System C: zinc immersion coating, flash copper plate, 9.1 μm (0.36 mil), silver 0.0025 μm (0.0001 mil), gold, 0.0025 μm (0.0001 mil) General systems—indoor exposures System A Phosphate pretreat, epoxy, vinyl, epoxy hybrid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... oxidation resistance through the use of polishing, buffing, and wire brushing operations. The article also covers a wide range of surface modification and coating processes, including ion implantation, diffusion, chemical and physical vapor deposition, plating, anodizing, and chemical conversion coatings as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cleaning. This increases the life of the ultrasonic cleaning solution and maintains production efficiency. After ultrasonic cleaning, the parts may be rinsed in deionized or distilled water and dried with warm filtered air or in a vacuum oven. Electroless plating processes are used to plate copper with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... backup material in the mount, the application of coatings to the surfaces before mounting, and the addition of a filler material to the mount. Plating of a compatible metal on the surface to be protected (electroless nickel has been widely used) is generally considered to be the most effective procedure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel chromate conversion coatings chromium plating cleaning conversion coatings electrochemical finishing electrogalvanizing electroless nickel plating electroplating finishing hardfacing heat treatment high-strength low-alloy steel hot dip coatings ion implantation laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., such as methyl methacrylate, produce a transparent mount, which is helpful when trying to grind to a specific feature, but provide poor edge retention. Electroless nickel plating is an effective method for improving edge retention, particularly for steels. However, if the area to be studied is white or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., in jewelry, and in brazing alloys. It can be electroplated, electroformed, and deposited by electroless methods. Commercial purity palladium with a minimum 99.8% Pd (UNS P03980) is used in electrical contacts for such light-duty purposes as relays in telephone systems. Palladium-silver alloys...