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electroless copper plating equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and hybrid and other advanced applications. It describes two commercial processes, pretreatment and post-treatment. The article reviews the solutions used, controls and control equipment, and performance criteria of electroless copper plating. It concludes with information on the environmental and safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... on electroless nickel coatings on composites and plastics. aluminum alloys composites copper alloys electroless nickel baths electroless nickel plating electroless nickel plating equipment electroless nickel-boron coatings electroless nickel-phosphorus coatings fatigue strength ferrous alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the steps, bath composition and characteristics, equipment, plating rate, deposit thickness, and applications for different types of nonelectrolytic deposition processes, including electroless nickel plating, electroless copper plating and mechanical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... copper or electroless nickel; the strength of the adhesion cannot be differentiated between the two types of plating. However, for polyacetal and polybutylene terephthalate, the adhesion of electroless nickel is significantly better than that of electroless copper. Special and Super Engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in the activation of copper for subsequent electroless nickel plating in printed circuit board applications. The addition of ruthenium reduces the number of palladium atoms on the surface and improves the adhesion of the nickel to the copper. Processing of Parts The electroless alloy coatings discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as immersion plating . Several metals can be deposited using the electroless plating technique. Electroless copper and electroless nickel are widely used (see the articles “Electroless Nickel Plating” and “Electroless Copper Plating” in this Volume). There is a growing interest in the electroless...
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 2 Metal injection molding 17-4 PH stainless steel optical transceiver housing designed for ultrahigh-speed transceivers in networking and telecommunications equipment. The MIM part also receives electrolytic copper, electroless nickel, and electrolytic gold plating. Courtesy of MPIF More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... operation follows silver plating. (c) Baked at 200 °C (400 °F) after copper plating and after silver plating. Soldering operation follows gold plating. (d) Brass plated in barrel or automatic equipment Copper and Brass Striking Copper is one of the easiest metals to electrodeposit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... cleaning coating coloring copper copper alloys corrosion resistance electrochemical cleaning electroless plating electroplating finishing immersion plating mass finishing organic coatings passivation pickling polishing surface treatment COPPER and copper alloys constitute one...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... copper pyrophosphate baths, are discussed. The article reviews acid plating baths such as copper sulfate bath and copper fluoborate bath. It also presents information on the surface preparation considerations, bath composition, and operating variables of copper plating as well as the equipment used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with a clear or colored chromate conversion film. This results in coatings that are both protective and decorative. Chromium plating, electroless nickel plating, and anodizing of aluminum (not actually an electroplating process, but an electrochemical process widely practiced at electroplating installations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... processes are available for joining ferrous metals, ultrasonic welding usually is not chosen. Copper flash or copper plating on steel will sometimes improve the quality of the weld. Fig. 2 Photomicrograph showing weld interface cross section of 0.81 mm (0.032 in.) thick high-carbon (0.9 wt% C) steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... The article describes various plating methods, such as pulse electroplating, electroless plating, brush plating, and jet plating. It reviews the types of electrodeposited coatings, including hard coatings and soft coatings. The article also details the materials available for electroplating, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... electroplated coatings waxes vacuum deposits MILITARY COATINGS are as divergent as electrodeposited chromium plating in gun barrels and the visual comouflage paints applied to tactical equipment such as tanks, aircraft, and ships. The chromium plating in a gun barrel provides high-temperature...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Coating Processes Electroless Plating Electroless plating processes are used to plate copper with gold and silver for decorative purposes. Nickel, gold, and silver are frequently applied to copper electronic components to prevent tarnishing during subsequent processing and to aid in the soldering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... cycling Mask areas not to be coated Cladding Only for relatively simple shapes, especially with flat surfaces Surfaces must be thoroughly cleaned before cladding, so design principles for cleaning also apply Electroless plating Allow for fixturing/racking on nonsignificant surfaces Avoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... or in a volatile solvent 38–75 (1.5–3.0) Solvent rinsing or alkaline cleaning Highly finished parts stored for prolonged periods Source: Ref 7 Electroplating and Electroless Plating Cast irons are most commonly plated with chromium, nickel, copper, cadmium, and zinc. In addition, gold, lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... description and processing equipment and discusses the properties, advantages, limitations, and principal applications of iron plating. It also describes the environmental, health, and safety considerations of iron plating. electrolytes health and safety considerations iron plating iron plating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... will adhere to the casting. There are various types of organic and inorganic coatings and methods of application. Inorganic finishes—including metal- and ceramic-based coatings—are applied by a variety of techniques, such as electroplating, electroless plating, thermal spraying, hot dipping, ion plating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., electroless plating, porcelain enameling, and shot peening. abrasive blast cleaning acid etching alkaline etching aluminum aluminum alloys anodizing barrel finishing buffing chemical brightening chemical cleaning chemical conversion coating chemical etching cleaning coating electroless...