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electroless copper plating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electroless copper in various applications. This article provides information on the bath chemistry and deposit properties of electroless copper and discusses the applications of electroless copper plating, such as printed wiring boards, decorative plating-on-plastic, electromagnetic interference shielding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... thickness, and applications for different types of nonelectrolytic deposition processes, including electroless nickel plating, electroless copper plating and mechanical plating. Plating baths are typically categorized as low build...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electroless nickel coatings on composites and plastics. aluminum alloys composites copper alloys electroless nickel baths electroless nickel plating electroless nickel plating equipment electroless nickel-boron coatings electroless nickel-phosphorus coatings fatigue strength ferrous alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... . Several metals can be deposited using the electroless plating technique. Electroless copper and electroless nickel are widely used (see the articles “Electroless Nickel Plating” and “Electroless Copper Plating” in this Volume). There is a growing interest in the electroless plating of gold and, to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... acid baths are the electrolytes used in the electrolytic deposition of copper deposits. For additional information, see the article “Electroless Copper Plating” in this Volume. Alkaline cyanide copper solutions are used to plate the initial deposits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... activation of copper for subsequent electroless nickel plating in printed circuit board applications. The addition of ruthenium reduces the number of palladium atoms on the surface and improves the adhesion of the nickel to the copper. The electroless alloy coatings discussed in this article are produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... buffing, electroless plating, immersion plating, electroplating, passivation, coloring, and organic coatings. Decorative chromium deposits are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to allow immersion and/or electroless gold plating. As additional requirements develop, there will be a continuing introduction of new gold plating formulations to meet these needs. All of the many formulations work, and each one has its own special advantages, but care must be taken to pick the best...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...). (c) Ferrous chloride (4-hydrate). (d) Calcium chloride. (e) Ammonium chloride. (f) Ferrous fluoborate. (g) Sodium chloride. (h) Ammonium sulfamate. (i) Ferrous sulfonate In addition, there are many baths that have been reported for both the electrolytic and electroless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the plating solution. Decorative applications account for about 80% of the nickel consumed in plating; 20% is consumed for engineering and electroforming purposes. Autocatalytic (electroless) nickel plating processes are commercially important but are outside the scope of this section. The annual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... certain exceptions, hard chromium is applied directly to the base metal; decorative chromium is applied over undercoats of nickel or of copper and nickel. The major uses of hard chromium plating are for wear-resistance applications, improvement of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., electroless plating, porcelain enameling, and shot peening. abrasive blast cleaning acid etching alkaline etching aluminum aluminum alloys anodizing barrel finishing buffing chemical brightening chemical cleaning chemical conversion coating chemical etching cleaning coating electroless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Resistant to many acids and hot corrosive gases Nickel 140–500 HV White 2–40 (a) 130–500 (c) 0.1–1.5 (a) 5–20 (c) Resistant to many chemicals and corrosive atmospheres; often used in conjunction with copper and chromium; can be applied by electroless plating Rhodium 400–800 HB Bright white...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cleaning. This increases the life of the ultrasonic cleaning solution and maintains production efficiency. After ultrasonic cleaning, the parts may be rinsed in deionized or distilled water and dried with warm filtered air or in a vacuum oven. Electroless plating processes are used to plate copper with...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., chromium, electroless nickel, and brass Chemical finishing such as chromating, enameling, lacquering, painting, varnishing, anodizing, and vacuum aluminizing Plastic (powder coat) finishing Phosphating or chromating of the cast surface is generally recommended to provide good adhesion for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... are both used in the literature to refer to the application of a metallic coating to a plastic surface. In this article, metallizing is used to refer to the general case, and plating is reserved for electroless and electrolytic processes. Electroplating of nonconductors has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... constituents, chemical degradation of interphases and reinforcements, microstructure-influenced corrosion, and processing-induced corrosion. The article elaborates on the corrosion behavior of specific aluminum, magnesium, titanium, copper, stainless steel, lead, depleted uranium, and zinc MMCs systems. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coats Satellites System A: dichromate System B: anodize System C: zinc immersion coating, flash copper plate, 9.1 μm (0.36 mil), silver 0.0025 μm (0.0001 mil), gold, 0.0025 μm (0.0001 mil) General systems—indoor exposures System A Phosphate pretreat, epoxy, vinyl, epoxy hybrid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... electroless and electrolytic nickel are used for light corrosion protection, wear resistance, and electrical contact/grounding. Cadmium can be plated over the nickel to improve corrosion resistance. Electrolytic nickel plating is also used to improve the polishability of mirrors used in the visible range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... oxidation resistance through the use of polishing, buffing, and wire brushing operations. The article also covers a wide range of surface modification and coating processes, including ion implantation, diffusion, chemical and physical vapor deposition, plating, anodizing, and chemical conversion coatings as...