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electroforming

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electroforming is the process by which articles or shapes can be exactly reproduced by electrodeposition on a mandrel or form that is later removed, leaving a precise duplicate of the original. This article discusses electroforming applications, and explains electroforming of nickel...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 1 Factors to consider in electroforming mandrel design. Source: Ref 2 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article describes the factors to be considered while performing electroforming process. The factors include the shape and size of the mold, expected durability of the mold, required delivery time, and manufacture and cost of the necessary mandrel. The article discusses mandrel...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 3 Room-temperature hardness of electroformed nickel and nickel-cobalt alloys after heating More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... discusses selective plating, electroforming, and other processes and where they are typically used. copper plating electrodeposition electroforming indium plating lead plating nickel plating plating baths selective plating silver plating zinc plating Copper Plating COPPER can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article discusses the process considerations and deposit properties of nickel plating. It describes the Watts solution and the anode materials used. The article focuses on the nickel plating processes used for decorative, engineering, and electroforming purposes. It provides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in autoclave molding. It also describes the tooling configuration and type of tooling which includes aluminum and steel tooling, electroformed nickel tooling, graphite-epoxy tooling, and elastomeric tooling. autoclave molding autoclave molding materials autoclave system composites laminates layup...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., deposited for magnetic applications from solutions not containing brightening additions ( Ref 7 ). The alloys with 18 to 25% Fe are soft magnetic materials with low coercive force, low remanence, and high maximum permeabilities ( Ref 8 ). They can be used as coatings or as electroformed parts (i.e...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... rights reserved. DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216 www.asminternational.org Nonelectrolytic Deposition Processes / 1151 Table 26 Nickel electroforming solutions and selected properties of the deposits results in further current density variations that can seriously affect the mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... These include chloride, sulfate, sulfamate, fluoroborate, sulfonate, and various combinations of these electrolytes. Perhaps the widest use of iron plating has been in electroforming, where thicknesses of 6 mm (0.25 in.) are common. The bath parameters of these electroplating solutions are as varied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... pass through the upper sieve but not through the lower sieve. A variety of sieve apertures are currently available, ranging in size from approximately 20 μm to many millimeters for woven-wire sieves, down to 5 μm or less for electroformed sieves, and greater than 1 mm for punched-plate sieves...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... pulsed current include gold and gold alloys, nickel, silver, chromium, tin-lead alloys, and palladium. Pulsed current is also used for anodizing and, in select cases, for etching, electrocleaning, and electroforming. Advantages The advantages of pulse plating vary from one application to the next...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... wastewater treatment COPPER PLATING DEPOSITS are used for both functional and decorative applications. They are used widely as underplates in multiplate systems, as barrier coatings, as stopoffs in heat treatment, and for heat transfer (e.g., as heat sinks). They also find use in electroforming...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and electroformed or vaporformed nickel molds, which are lightweight and low cost, can also be used. Second, large machines can be economically built because most use inexpensive, gas-fired, hot-air ovens and relatively lightweight mold rotating mechanisms. Shape Rotational molding is well known for its...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... electrodes are needed because the difficult machining must be done only once. Electroforming Electroforming is a process in which a form is made, coated with a conducting paint, and electroplated. After electroplating, the original form is removed. The form is often made of wax, which can be melted...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... with the proper curing of the composite materials. Metallic tooling methods involving deposited metals, such as electroformed nickel or cast aluminum, are able to produce thinner metal molds without large machining operations. Composite tooling is considerably easier to fabricate, using lay-up and fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tooling techniques Table 2 Indirect rapid tooling techniques Process/ property CAFÉ 3D KELTOOL NCC tooling HIP RSP tooling Preform Pattern in negative form RTV transfer mold Electroformed Ni on mandrel Ceramic preforms Preheated ceramic pattern Backing material Composite Al...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...) (a) 0.2 10–50 Nickel, nickel alloys UV (SU-8) lithography + electroplating >2 ≥20 Nickel, nickel alloys Silicon etching + electroforming (b) 1–5 (typically) 10 Silicon 30 nm (c) Nickel, nickel alloys (c) Micromachining (milling, drilling) Salient features <10 300 Steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., vacuum forming, resin- transfer molding, manual/mechanically-assisted lay-up and electroformed nickel tooling. Virtually any freeform fabrication technique may be used to produce short-run tooling. Epoxy-backed SLA molds have been demonstrated for aerospace applications in a resin transfer molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... used to increase wall strength of a nickel-electroformed hydrogen-oxygen manifold for the prototype “Columbia” engine Steel mill coating line: cadmium, zinc, or nickel-zinc used to increase the thickness of the protective coating on steel sheet moving at 137 m/min (450 ft/min) Submarines...