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electrode potential

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article discusses a tool for the conversion of measurements made against various reference electrodes at different temperatures. It reviews different electrode potential temperature coefficients, namely, isothermal temperature coefficient and thermal temperature coefficient. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Overpotential is the current-producing potential difference between a nonequilibrium electrode potential and its corresponding equilibrium value for an electrode reaction. This article provides information on overpotential of an electrode reaction. It contains a table that lists...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... reduction potentials for electrochemical reactions. Table 1 lists reactions alphabetically by element of interest. Table 2 is ranked by potential value. Potential is measured versus the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE) which has a value of 0.0000 V. Reactions with more than one voltage indicate that...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Potential processing routes for products cast from vacuum induction melting (VIM) ingots or electrodes. VAR, vacuum are remelting; ESR, electroslag remelting; EB, electron beam; HIP, hot isostatic pressing. Source: Ref 1 There are many different metallurgical factors that arise with induction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... maintaining dimensions and in promoting a longer furnace life. Electrode placement: Enclosing the electrode in a clear rectangular box, free of any protruding obstructions, eliminates any potential hazards to operating personnel during cleaning. Any sludge formed in the furnace is removed easily by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract The potential for introducing defects during processing becomes greater as the relative density of pressed and sintered powder metallurgy (PM) parts increases and more multilevel parts with complex geometric shapes are produced. This article discusses the potential defects in pressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... electrode (cathode and anode) that are in a medium (electrolyte) that can conduct electricity. The term anode or cathode is applied to one or the other of the electrodes depending on whether the electrochemical reaction is an oxidation or a reduction reaction, regardless of the voltage potential between...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Plasma melting is a material-processing technique in which the heat of a thermal plasma is used to melt a material. This article discusses the two typical design principles of plasma torches in the transferred mode: the tungsten tip design and the hollow copper electrode design. It...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on process capabilities, principles of operation, power sources, electrodes, shielding gases, flux, process variables, and advantages and disadvantages of these arc welding methods. It presents information about the arc welding procedures of hardenable carbon and alloy steels, cast irons...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electric field and give a more uniform plasma density. In all cases, ground shields should be kept well away from the rf electrode, and in the case of an insulator, the insulator should completely cover the rf electrode. A dc potential and an rf potential can be applied at the same time if an rf choke is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... decarburization. It demonstrates how the carbon potential control is achieved by controlling water vapor concentration, carbon dioxide concentration, or oxygen partial pressure. The article also describes the various devices and analyzers used to monitor sampled gas from furnace atmospheres, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... copper lamella to be deposited at a potential near −0.4 V (referenced against a saturated calomel electrode, SCE) and each nickel lamella to be plated at a potential between −1.0 and −1.5 V versus SCE. Under these conditions, the copper deposition rate is controlled by the rate of Cu +2 mass transfer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article reviews the corrosion interactions between biomedical alloys, in particular iron-base, titanium-base, and cobalt-base alloys, in complex geometries and in applications where there are significant cyclic stresses and potential for wear and fretting motion. It discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... diverse accessories and options that enable the instrument to realize its full potential across all of the varied applications. This is followed by a detailed analysis of the physical processes associated with the ion beam interacting with the sample. Finally, a complete survey of the most prominent FIB...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., fatigue, and corrosion in medical device design. It reviews the biocompatibility of nitinol based on corrosion behavior. The article describes the general principles, potential pitfalls, and key properties for manufacturing, heat treatment, and processing of nitinol. biocompatibility corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... process based on the control of three principal variables: temperature, atmosphere composition or carbon potential, and time. The article also describes the selection criteria for alloy, carbon sources, atmosphere types, and carbon monoxide level for endothermic carburizing atmospheres. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, carbonitridation, sulfidation, and chloridation. Several other potential degradation processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under boiler tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the local electrode potential, E , and can be expressed as electrical currents of oxidation and reduction. In electrochemistry, the term oxidation means a reaction involving loss of electrons and does not necessarily involve oxygen. In the oxidation (anodic) reactions involving metal, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... chemical vapor deposition. Fig. 8 Pitting corrosion after salt spray testing of the coating-substrate system TiN deposited by physical vapor deposition NiP electrochemically deposited on brass. Source: Ref 24 Polarization (electrode potential versus current density) curves provide useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... , E o standard potential value E appl applied potential E bd , E b breakdown potential E cell reversible electrode cell potential E corr corrosion potential E e equilibrium potential E g galvanic potential...