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electrocleaning

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., polishing, and buffing, are reviewed. The article also explains the procedures of electrocleaning, electropolishing, electroplating, painting, surface blackening, coloring, terne coatings, and thermal spraying. It includes useful information on the surface modification of stainless steels, namely, ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to remove parting lines and presents several mechanical finishing methods, including surface polishing, brushing, controlled shot peening, and buffing. It also provides information on solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, aqueous detergent or alkaline cleaning), electrocleaning, acid dipping, and zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or intermittent Seldom required Solvent wipe Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse Emulsion soak, rinse Solvent wipe Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse Emulsion soak, rinse Solvent wipe Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse, electroclean (i) Alkaline spray Continuous high production...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to 15 A/dm 2 (10 to 150 A/ft 2 ) of work area. An electrocleaning operation usually follows an alkaline soak and serves two purposes: (a) it removes any residual soils that may have been left behind by the soak cleaner, and (b) the electrocleaner activates the metal surface—that is, it eliminates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Seldom required Solvent wipe Solvent wipe Solvent wipe Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse, electroclean (i) Emulsion soak, rinse Emulsion soak, rinse Alkaline spray Continuous high production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Cleaners can be designed to work with electric current. The strip can be either cathodic or anodic. The recommended practice for continuous lines is either the anodic configuration or a switching current, where the strip is switched between being positively and negatively charged. In anodic electrocleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...-temperature, solventized alkaline cleaners are available for soak cleaning. Similarly, low-temperature electrocleaners are effectively employed in industry, operating at 27 to 49 °C (81 to 120 °F). Alkaline cleaners are efficient and economical for removing unpigmented oil and grease and can achieve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... plating, automatic tab plating, barrel line plating, still plating, electroforming, anodizing, electrocleaning, electropolishing, and electromachining. It recently has been adapted for use with semiconductor bump and wafer plating technologies. The use of this sophisticated power control can result...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to minimize carryover Avoid features that could trap air and prevent surface chemical reactions from occurring or cause staining Mask areas not to be attacked Electrocleaning Allow for electrical contact to be made on nonsignificant surfaces Avoid features that would trap process chemicals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Pretreatment A Pretreatment B Process description Anodic electroclean, cold water rinses, immersion in 5% sulfuric acid at room temperature for 15 s, cold water rinses Anodic electroclean, cold water rinses, anodic etch in bath for 1 min at 60 A/dm 2 Surface roughness after plating   R a , μm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Volatile Solvents Emulsifiable Solvents Alkaline Cleaning Electrocleaning Acid Cleaning Environment Stacking Architectural Automotive Mobile Homes Commercial Highway Trailers Aircraft Cooking Utensils and Food Service Equipment Beer Barrels Chemical Process...
Book Chapter

By A. Sato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...), rinse Emulsion soak, rinse Solvent wipe Surfactant alkaline (agitated soak), rinse electroclean (i) Continuous high production Seldom required Surfactant alkaline spray, spray rinse Agitated soak or spray, rinse (j) Surfactant alkaline spray, spray rinse Emulsion spray, rinse Surfactant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... typically involves precleaning, electrocleaning, and electroetching; some base materials also require desmutting, activation, and preplate operations. Parts with heavy corrosion, lubricants, oil, and so on ordinarily require more aggressive cleaning, such as vapor/solvent degreasing or grit blasting, prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... off 2 Assembly, storage Diphase emulsion, dip cleaning Brass or zinc die castings Buffing dirt Soak, spray, electroclean, acid pickle 4 Wash, then plate (a) Emulsion does not plug holes of the needle valves and does not interfere with subsequent gaging operations. (b) Emulsion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by a mild hydrochloric or sulfuric acid solution. Current density during anodic electrocleaning of brass should be about 3 A/dm 2 (30 A/ft 2 ) at 3 to 4 V. Use of high currents will etch the brass and cause dezincification. Copper-base materials are electrolytically cleaned by cathodic cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... min Borax 22–38 g (3–5 oz) Sodium pyrophosphate 4–8 g (0.5–1 oz) Water, to make 4 L (1 gal) Temperature of bath 60–70 °C (140–160 °F) Immersion time 2–5 min Electrocleaning Electrocleaning is seldom used for cleaning aluminum and aluminum alloys, because it offers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is stopped to load a new coil. The pretreatment section is where residual oil, surface carbon, and any light surface oxide are removed prior to plating. It normally consists of one or more alkaline cleaning and electrocleaning stations, brushing or scrubbing stations, pickling or electropickling stations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... plating bath Silver 50 0.16 1 100 3.1×10 −2 Cyanide (CN) 50 0.16 1 100 3.1×10 −2 Electrocleaning Sodium hydroxide 80 0.12 0.8 100 4.0×10 −2 Sodium phosphate 15 0.12 0.8 100 7.5×10 −3 Sodium metasilicate 25 0.12 0.8 100 1.3×10 −2 Nonelectrolytic processes...