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electrochemical series

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... indicate that results have not been reconciled. Parenthetical materials not needed to balance reactions are catalysts. The following symbols are used: f , fugacity; (l), liquid; (aq), aqueous solution; (c), crystalline; (s), solid; and (g), gas. Source: Adapted from J.F. Hunsberger, Electrochemical Series...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Galvanic series in seawater at 25 °C (77 °F) Table 1 Galvanic series in seawater at 25 °C (77 °F) Corroded end (anodic, or least noble) Magnesium Magnesium alloys Zinc Galvanized steel or galvanized wrought iron Aluminum alloys 5052, 3004, 3003, 1100, 6053...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... content on stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) resistance of an Al-Zn-Mg alloy in 3.5% NaCl solution. Source: Ref 47 Fig. 12 Crack propagation rates in stress-corrosion tests using 7 xxx -series aluminum alloys, 25 mm (1 in.) thick, double-cantilever beam, short-transverse orientation of die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Fig. 1 Galvanic series for seawater. Dark boxes indicate active behavior of active-passive alloys. Applicable to flowing seawater 2.4–4.0 m/s (8–13 ft/s), 10–27 °C (50–80 °F) Abstract Abstract This article contains a galvanic series chart that shows the electrochemical voltage ranges...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Electrode which has a value of 0.0000 V. Reactions with more than one voltage indicate that results have not been reconciled. Parenthetical materials not needed to balance reactions are catalysts. electrochemical series potential value standard hydrogen electrode CEMENTED CARBIDES belong...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... ) Pickling industry, chemical industry, metals production, semiconductor industry Most metals, glass, ceramics Organic acids Wood, packing material, animals, preservatives Long-term effects on some metals Adapted from Ref 38 Electrochemical series for reactions important in corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.9781627081825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... , Electrochemical Techniques for Predicting Galvanic Corrosion , Galvanic and Pitting Corrosion—Field and Laboratory Studies , STP 576, ASTM International , 1976 , p 5 – 19 2. “Standard Guide for Development and Use of a Galvanic Series for Predicting Galvanic Corrosion Performance,” G 82, Annual Book...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to give the least amount of nodules. Any process changes must be made with consideration for productivity. Coatings protect a substrate by forming a barrier or by being sacrificial. The electrochemical series predicts that chromium is more base or active than zinc, a sacrificial coating. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Series of standard electrode potentials (electromotive forces) Table 1 Series of standard electrode potentials (electromotive forces) See also ( Fig. 2 ), which shows a schematic of an electrochemical cell used to determine the potential difference of the zinc electrodes versus SHE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... systems is necessary to ensure that naval aircraft weapon systems are both reliable and capable of performing their mission requirements. With the exception of magnesium, aluminum by its position in the electrochemical series is thermodynamically one of the most reactive metals used in naval aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... and microstructural features, characteristic for all polycrystalline materials, change the chemical potential of the surface and therefore the corrosion resistance to external ions. Grains with varying crystallographic orientation also exhibit different electrochemical potentials, depending on the atomic packing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...—Application and Interpretation , ASTM , 1995 10. Revie R.W. , Ed., Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook , 2nd ed. , Electrochemical Society Series , Wiley-Interscience , 2000 11. Little B.J. , Wagner P.A. , and Mansfeld F. , Corrosion Testing Made Easy—Microbiologically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Electromotive force series of metals and alloys Table 1 Electromotive force series of metals and alloys Solution concentration: 1 N ; temperature: 25 °C (75 °F) Metal Ion Standard reduction potential ( E 0 ), V Calcium Ca 2+ −2.87 Sodium Na + −2.71 Magnesium Mg 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... galvanic cell are prone to corrode by metal dissolution or electrochemical oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... , and Scully J.R. , Tri-Service Military Corrosion Conf. Proc. , 2002 112. Macdonald D.D. , Critical Factors in Localized Corrosion , The Electrochemical Society Proceedings Series , PV 92-9, Frankel G.S. and Newman R.C. , Ed., 1992 , p 144 113. Suter T...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electrochemical reactions. The potentials are measured against a standard reference electrode when the metal is immersed in a solution of its own ions at unit activity ( Table 1 ). Similar to the galvanic series, it is a list of metals and alloys arranged according to their relative potentials in a given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the coupons are also discussed. The analysis of electrical-resistance probes, sentry holes, side-stream loop, electrochemical noise, hydrogen-probe, and process streams are used to monitor and estimate corrosion rates. The corrosion rates can also be estimated by ultrasonic thickness measurements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... , Letterman R.D. , Tech. Ed., AWWA and McGraw-Hill , 1999 Electrochemical reactions are almost always the cause of corrosion of metals in contact with water. Metals in their elemental state are unstable in the presence of water and dissolved oxygen. For corrosion to occur, all the components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... not directly displace hydrogen from acids. The 400-series stainless steels exhibit borderline passivity and thus are seldom selected, whereas the 300-series stainless steels are the materials of choice. The grades in the 300 series of stainless steels require oxidizing conditions to maintain their passivity...