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electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, chromatography, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Test cabinets and standard test environments for laboratory analysis are reviewed. The article describes non-standard simulation testing and case studies of simulated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... force microscopy for surface morphology, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for elemental composition and oxidation state determination, as well as scanning electrochemical microscopy for surface description and conductivity measurements. Atomic resolution of electrochemical interfaces is aided by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... corrosion tests, the capacitance often is ignored, although it may contribute to the dynamic character of the tests. In electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, a small-scale sinusoidal variation of the potential is applied at various frequencies, and the capacitances cause the current and potential to be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... electrochemical nature of corrosion and provides the typical analysis of environmental- and corrosion-related failures. It presents common methods of testing of laboratory corrosion and discusses the processes involved in the prevention of environmental- and corrosion-related failures of metals and nonmetals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... EIS electrochemical impedance spectroscopy emf electromotive force EN electrochemical noise ENA electrochemical noise analysis EPA Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.) EPDM ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (rubber) Eq equation (also used to label...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... examination of this coating with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) indicates that the coating has corrosion-resistant properties similar to those of a chromate treatment on aluminum alloy 2024-T3 ( Ref 53 ). Good corrosion and paint adhesion properties are also claimed ( Ref 51 ). ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... electrochemical impedance spectroscopy), the electrolytes (saline buffer, fluoride solution, calf serum, etc.) and the proteins (fetal bovine serum, fibrinogen, albumin, b-lactoglobulin, etc.) used to study the influence of proteins on corrosion resistance, results were considerably varied from one study to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, are often used to supplement weight-loss measurements and to evaluate corrosion mechanisms. Potentiodynamic polarization curves for magnesium in 0.5 M sodium sulfate solutions having different values of pH are shown in Fig. 2 . The anodic polarization shows active...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... associated with MMC fabrication can cause accelerated corrosion of the metal matrix as compared to corrosion of the unreinforced matrix alloys. Accelerated corrosion may originate from electrochemical and chemical interaction between MMC constituents, microstructural effects, and from problems related to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., peeling, and so on. Pre- and postcycling adhesion testing can also be used to assess whether the thermal expansion and contraction resulted in a decrease in adhesion properties. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is not a test per se but rather an analytical tool to determine electrochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 35.59wt%MgCl 2 -64.41wt%KCl and thermally cycled at temperatures between 550 and 700 °C (1020 and 1290 °F) in flowing argon up to 175 h. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data were recorded after 1 h of thermal equilibration at each temperature. The corrosion rates were measured as a function...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.9781627081627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Examples of this instrumentation are tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and nanoinfrared microscopy ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 2 Images of polystyrene (PS)/polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) block copolymer, a sample used to gage the performance of nanoinfrared techniques. Photo-induced force microscopy (PiFM...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the strength has degraded due to the formation of cracks, internal defects, or wastage. (c) EDS, energy dispersive spectroscopy MACHINE and structural components often fail in service as a result of either ductile or brittle fracture. The latter occurs far more frequently than the former...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... applications, there is not one analytical tool capable of solving the problem by itself in many cases; this requires a combination of analytical tools, including scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), SIMS, laser ablation ICP-MS, electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis/x-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... With little impedance from impurities in Zr702, grains in the HAZ grow to much larger sizes, with an acicular structure ( Fig. 1b ). Weld metal exhibits a Widmanstätten structure, as shown in Fig. 1(c) . Welding has a great effect on the morphology of second-phase particles, which affects the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... quench-and-temper hardenable, precipitation-hardenable, and austenitic stainless steels; titanium alloys; nickel alloys; and even aluminum alloys. Conditions that impede plastic deformation promote quasi-cleavage fracture—for example, the presence of a triaxial state of stress (as adjacent to the root of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... difficult at elevated temperatures, but significant progress has been made in the last several decades. Two techniques show special promise: electrochemical sensors and infrared analysis. Electrochemical sensors are available for oxygen, hydrogen, hydrocarbons, and water vapor. Infrared analysis can be used...