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electrochemical biofilm activity sensor

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... galvanically coupled differential flow cell, galvanically coupled crevice cell, coupled multielectrode sensor, and electrochemical biofilm activity sensor. real-time monitoring localized corrosion electrochemical noise nonelectrochemical method galvanically coupled differential flow cell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... erosion rate and decreases biofilm accumulation rate. Empirical observations indicate that erosion rate is related to flow velocity, biofilm thickness, density, and tertiary structure ( Ref 14 ). Fig. 2 Cumulative corrosion loss, ΣINT, for mild steel sensors embedded in concrete and exposed in a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., microbiological, chemical, and electrochemical. It provides information on the microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of irons and steels, passive alloys (austenitic stainless steels), aluminum alloys, copper alloys, and composites. The article reviews the formation of microbial biofilms and macrofouling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... measurement data from the pipeline environment itself. On-line, real-time corrosion-monitoring sensors and measurement devices at strategic points identified through ICDA will, in turn, offer a quick response to upset conditions inside the pipeline. Strategic locations are most efficiently identified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... enough corrosion activity to evaluate the corrosion behavior of a material. Nevertheless, by simulating the exact operating conditions, an accurate assessment of that material can generally be produced with an adequate exposure time. Electrochemical testing is performed for general information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... sulfates on the metal surface, which are known to accelerate corrosion and provide sulfate ions. It was confirmed ( Ref 29 ) by measuring TOW, using a copper-gold sensor according to ASTM G 84, that the annual TOW value was as large as 8500 h at a location 20 to 30 km (12 to 18 miles) from the seashore in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... exception of cases where microbial activity is involved. Likewise, true general corrosion, where there is uniform metal loss, such as observed with carbon steel in a concentrated acid, is not commonly found on underground pipelines. The most common morphology of corrosion on underground pipelines is uneven...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... conventional coatings. They may be useful in sensors, liquid crystals, molecular wires, lubrication-protective layers, anticorrosion coatings, and harder cutting tools. Research and development is being conducted in the area of nanocomposites—combinations of metals, ceramics, polymers, and biological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... localized corrosion found almost exclusively (if not exclusively) in oxygen-containing systems. Such corrosion is usually most intense in chloride-containing systems, but can also be pronounced in aerated systems with active biological populations and biofilming to produce differential aeration cells. It is...