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electrical heaters

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Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 21 Electric immersion heater. Heater mounted in a 200 L (5 gal.) electroless nickel plating tank. A bag filter is mounted on the filtration pump discharge. Heater mounted in a 200 L (50 gal) electroless nickel plating tank. A bag filter is mounted on the filtration pump discharge. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005888
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., and concludes with information on the temperature profile modeling software. bars billets electrical resistivity frequency induction heater induction heating magnetic properties rods temperature profile modeling Introduction Temperature greatly affects the formability of metals. Heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-to-tubesheet joint heater shell IN STEAM TURBINE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION PLANTS, turbine exhaust steam is condensed, and the condensate is reheated for return as feedwater to the boiler. Water from the condenser to the feedwater pump is called condensate, and from the pump to the boiler...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... convection is the preferred method of heating furnaces for firing porcelain enamel on aluminum. The heat can be provided by electric-package heaters, quartz-tube electric heaters, or metal-sheath heaters, all specially designed for operation at high ambient air temperature. Quartz-tube and metal-sheath...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Electrical resistance alloys include those types used in instruments, control equipment, heating elements, and devices that convert heat generated to mechanical energy. This article discusses the basic classification of electrical resistance alloys (resistance alloys, heating alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... electrical resistance alloys joining resistance heater design resistance heating alloys resistors soldering thermostat metals ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE ALLOYS include both the types used in instruments and control equipment to measure and regulate electrical characteristics and those used in furnaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... heaters electrical insulation heat treatment noncontact temperature sensors on-line radiation thermometers optical pyrometers resistance temperature detectors temperature control thermocouples TEMPERATURE CONTROL in heat treating is of paramount importance in maintaining quality and achieving...
Book Chapter

By Mark Cowell
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Essentially, a heated metal tip is used to raise the temperature of the metals to be joined or of the joint. As the temperature increases, flux becomes activated, which allows the solder to wet the base metals. Modern Soldering Iron The modern soldering iron consists of an electric resistance heater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the principles of induction heating followed by a discussion on the high temperature electrical, magnetic, and thermal properties of steel, which influence the performance of induction heaters. The importance of eddy current distribution...
Image
Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 20 Schematics of conventional designs of progressive/continuous horizontal billet heaters having series/parallel coil electrical connections More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... controlled electric heater in the spray water sump pan turns on at a temperature of approximately 4 °C (40 °F) to prevent freezeup in cold weather ( Fig. 6 and 7 ). A float-operated valve controls the sump water level. These systems should have bleed-off controls to add enough water to overflow and allow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
..., and extrusion), there are many ways to heat workpieces, including the use of induction heaters, gas-fired furnaces, infrared heaters, electric, and other fuel-fired furnaces. In recent decades, induction heating has become an increasingly popular choice among producers for heating metals prior to hot working...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... powder used in oxygen scavengers and chemical reactive warmers and heaters. Metal powders used as fuels in solid propellants, pyrotechnic devices, explosives, and similar applications are reviewed. Atomized aluminum, magnesium, tungsten, and zirconium powders are also discussed. atomized aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... at this time due to the designed prestressing of large shrink fits. Condensation and resulting moisture on the rings should be prevented by turning on the strip heaters in air-cooled machines, or if the rotor is out of the stator, enclosing it in a tarp with some heaters or lamps underneath sufficient...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... tractor drive assemblies walking beam assemblies THE HEATING OF BILLETS is only one part of an induction heating system. The handling of billets or bars is the second part of the heating system and in most cases becomes the major part of the heater due to the many different types of handling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... proposed ( Ref 29 ). Heating Elements Thermally sprayed (electrical) heating elements made from metallic resistors, certain ceramics, or combinations thereof have been applied on tubular or planar surfaces for various heating applications ( Fig. 4 ). Modern metallic heaters processed with APS can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electric or gas fired. Due to the generation and settling of reaction byproducts and their insulating effects, most heating designs use internal or immersion heating devices, as opposed to external heaters. (Certain higher-temperature cleaning processes, however, may require external heating systems...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the methodology for performing a failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA). It explains the methodology with the help of a hot water heater and provides a discussion on the role of FMEA in the design process. The article presents the analysis procedures and shows...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... components. Corrosion General corrosion resulting in uniform wall thinning causes considerable damage to heat-exchanger tubes. However, the principal corrosion damage in heat exchangers is usually from localized attack. Stray electrical currents may also contribute to significant corrosion of heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Chemical Bayonet heaters, condensers … Aluminum chloride Concentration Chemical Bayonet heaters, condensers Condensers for HCl recovery Amino acids Digesting proteins in HCl Chemical, breweries, distilleries, food Bayonet heaters, condensers, complete plants See glutamic acid, mono-sodium...